RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Similarity Ex 11.2 is part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Similarity Exercise 11.2.

## Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Similarity Ex 11.2

Question 1.

D and E are to points on the (RBSESolutions.com) sides AB and AC of ΔABC, respectively. Such that DE || BC, then

(i) In AD = 6 cm, DB = 9 cm and AE = 8 cm then find AC.

(ii) If [latex]\frac { AD }{ DB }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { 4 }{ 13 }[/latex] and AC = 20.4 cm. Then find EC.

(iii) [latex]\frac { AD }{ DB }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { 7 }{ 4 }[/latex] and AE = 6.3 cm then find AC.

(iv) In AD = 4x – 3, AE = 8x – 7, BD = 3x – 1 and CE = 5x – 3 then find x.

Solution :

(i) In ∆ABC, DE || BC

Question 2.

Points D and E lie on sides AB and AC of ΔABC, respectively. In (RBSESolutions.com) the following questions check whether DE || BC or not.

(i) AB = 12 cm, AD = 8 cm, AE = 12 cm and AC = 18 cm

(ii) AB = 5.6 cm, AD = 1.4 cm, AC = 9.0 cm and AE = 1.8 cm

(iii) AD = 10.5 cm, BD = 4.5 cm, AC = 4.8 cm and AE = 2.8 cm

(iv) AD = 5.7 cm, BD = 9.5 cm, AE = 3.3 cm and EC = 5.5 cm

Solution :

Question 3.

In given figure, L, M and N are (RBSESolutions.com) points on OA, OB and OC such that LM || AM and MN || BC then show that LN || AC.

Solution :

Given : In ∆ABC, point L,M, N respectively lie OA, OB and OC such that LM || AB and MN || BC.

To prove : LN || AC

Proof : In ∆ABO

LM || AB (given)

[latex]\frac { OL }{ LA }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { OM }{ MB }[/latex] …..(ii) (By Basic prop. theorem)

Again, In ∆BCO

MN || BC

[latex]\frac { OM }{ MB }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { ON }{ NC }[/latex] ….(ii) (By Basc prop. theorem)

From equation (i) and (ii),

⇒ [latex]\frac { OL }{ LA }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { OM }{ MB }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { ON }{ NC }[/latex]

[latex]\frac { OL }{ LA }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { ON }{ NC }[/latex] (By Converse of B. P. theorem)

⇒ LN || AC

Question 4.

In ∆ABC, D and E points lie on sides AB and AC such (RBSESolutions.com) that BD = CE. If ∠B = ∠C then show that DE || BC.

Solution :

In ∆ABC, D and E lie on sides BD = CE and ∠B = ∠C

To prove : DE || BC

Proof : In ∆ABC,

∠B = ∠C

∴ AB = AC (opposite sides of equals angles are same)

⇒ AD + DB = AE + CE [∵ DB = CE given]

⇒ AD = AE

∵ ∠D = ∠E [Opposite angles of equal sides are same]

⇒ ∆ADE is an isosceles triangle

So, ∆ABC and ∆ADE are isosceles triangle in (RBSESolutions.com) which vertex angle ∠A is common in both triangles.

∴ ∠B = ∠C = ∠D = ∠E

∠B = ∠D [corresponding angle]

⇒ DE || BC

Question 5.

In fig. DE || BC and CD || EF then prove that : AD^{2} = AB × AF

Solution :

Given : ∆ABC in (RBSESolutions.com) which DE || BC and CD || EF

To prove : AD^{2} = AB × AF

Proof : In ∆ABC

DE || BC

Question 6.

In fig., EF || DC || AB Then (RBSESolutions.com) prove that : [latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BF }{ FC }[/latex]

Solution :

Given : EF || DC || AB

To prove : [latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BF }{ FC }[/latex]

Construction : Join AC

Proof : In ∆ADC

GE || DC

∴ [latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AG }{ GC }[/latex] ….(i) (By Basic proportionality theorem)

Now In ∆ABC

AB || GF

∴ [latex]\frac { CF }{ BF }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { CG }{ AG }[/latex] (By Basic Prop. Theorem)

or [latex]\frac { BF }{ CF }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AG }{ GC }[/latex] ….(ii)

From equation (i) and (ii)

[latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BF }{ FC }[/latex]

Question 7.

ABCD is a parallelogram. P is any (RBSESolutions.com) point on side BC of ||gm. If DP and AB produced, meet at L then prove that:

(i) [latex]\frac { DP }{ PL }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { DC }{ BL }[/latex]

(ii) [latex]\frac { DL }{ DP }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AL }{ DC }[/latex]

Solution :

Given : ABCD ¡s a parallelogram. Point P lies on side BC. Produced DP and AB meet at point L.

(i) To prove : [latex]\frac { DP }{ PL }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { DC }{ BL }[/latex]

Proof : In ∆LDA

BP || AD

[latex]\frac { LP }{ DP }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { LB }{ AB }[/latex] (By B.P. Theorem)

or [latex]\frac { DP }{ PL }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { DC }{ BL }[/latex] [∵ AB = CD sides of ||gm]

⇒ [latex]\frac { DP }{ PL }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { DC }{ BL }[/latex]

(ii) To prove

Question 8.

Point D and E lie on side AB of ∆ABC such (RBSESolutions.com) that AD = BE. If DP || BC and EQ || AC then prove that PQ || AB.

Solution :

Given : ∆ABC in which

AD = BE,

DP || BC and EQ || AC

To prove PQ || AB

Proof : In ∆ABC DP || BC

[latex]\frac { AD }{ BD }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AP }{ CP }[/latex] …..(i) (By B.P. Theorem)

and QE || AC

[latex]\frac { BE }{ AE }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BQ }{ QC }[/latex] …..(ii)

∵ AD = BE (given) ……(iii)

AD + DE = BE + DE

AE = BD …..(iv)

putting values from (RBSESolutions.com) equation (iii) and (iv) in (ii)

[latex]\frac { BE }{ AE }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AD }{ BD }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BQ }{ QC }[/latex]

From equation (i) and (v)

[latex]\frac { AP }{ DB }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AP }{ CP }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BQ }{ QC }[/latex]

⇒ [latex]\frac { AP }{ CP }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BQ }{ QC }[/latex]

⇒ [latex]\frac { CP }{ AP }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { QC }{ BQ }[/latex]

⇒ PQ || AB

Question 9.

ABCD is a Trapezium in which AB || DC and its diagonals intersects each other at point O. Show that : [latex]\frac { AO }{ BO }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { CO }{ DO }[/latex] (Higher Secondary Board Raj 2012)

Solution :

Given : Trapezium ABCD in which AC and BC are (RBSESolutions.com) two diagonals which intersects each other at point O.

To prove : [latex]\frac { AO }{ BO }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { CO }{ DO }[/latex]

Construction : From O, Draw OE || CD.

Proof : In ∆ADC

OE || DC

[latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { AO }{ CO }[/latex] ……(i) (By Basic prop. Theorem)

In Trapezium ABCD

AB || CD

OE || CD

OE || AB

Now, In ∆ABD

OE || AB

[latex]\frac { ED }{ AE }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { DO }{ BO }[/latex]

⇒ [latex]\frac { AE }{ ED }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BO }{ DO }[/latex]

From equation (i) and (ii)

[latex]\frac { AO }{ CO }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { BO }{ DO }[/latex]

⇒ AO × DO = BO × CO

⇒ [latex]\frac { AO }{ BO }[/latex] = [latex]\frac { CO }{ DO }[/latex]

Question 10.

Points D and E lie on sides AB and AC of ∆ABC such (RBSESolutions.com) that BD = CE then show that ∆ABC Is isosceles triangles.

Solution :

Given : In ∆ABC, D and E lie on sides AB and AC such that BD = CE.

To prove : ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.

Construction : Join DC and BE.

Proof : In ∆BCD and ∆BEC

BD = CE (given)

∠BDC = ∠BEC [∵ angles of same base an some height]

BC = BC (common)

By SAS rule ∆BCD = ∆BEC

∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACE (by CPCT)

⇒ AB = AC (Sides opposite to (RBSESolutions.com) equal angles are same)

Hence ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.

We hope the given RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Similarity Ex 11.2 will help you. If you have any query regarding Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Similarity Exercise 11.2, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

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