RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Circle Miscellaneous Exercise is part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Circle Miscellaneous Exercise.

## Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Circle Miscellaneous Exercise

**Multiple choice Questions** (1 to 20)

Question 1.

The length of chord distant 6 cm (RBSESolutions.com) from center of a circle of radius 10 cm is :

(a) 16 cm

(b) 8 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) 5 cm

Solution :

In right angled ∆OMA

OA^{2} = OM^{2} + AM^{2}

(10)^{2} = (6)^{2} + AM^{2}

AM^{2} = 10^{2} – 6^{2}

= 100 – 36

AM^{2} = M

AM = \(\sqrt { 64 }\) = 8 cm

chord AB = 2 AM = 2 × 8 = 16 cm

Thus, (a) ¡s correct.

Question 2.

A chord of 24 cm length is drawn in a (RBSESolutions.com) circle of radius 13 cm. The distance of chord from center of circle is –

(a) 12 cm

(b) 5 cm

(c) 6.5 cm

(d) 12 cm

Solution :

AM = BM = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × AM = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 24 = 12 cm

In right ∆OAM

OA^{2} = AM^{2} + OM^{2}

(13)^{2} = (12)^{2} + (OM)^{2}

OM^{2} = (13)^{2} – (12)^{2} = 169 – 144

OM^{2} = 25

OM = \(\sqrt { 25 }\) = 5 cm

Thus, distance of chord from center of circle = 5 cm.

Thus, (b) is correct.

Question 3.

The degree measure of major arc is

(a) Less than 180°

(b) More than 180°

(c) 360°

(d) 270°

Solution :

(a) is correct.

Question 4.

The degree measure of major arc is

(a) Less than 180°

(b) More than 180°

(c) 360°

(d) 90°

Solution :

(b) is correct.

Question 5.

Chords equidistant (RBSESolutions.com) to each other from center of circle are –

(a) Double

(b) Triple

(c) Half

(d) Equal

Solution :

(d) is correct.

Question 6.

The degree measure of arc of a circle is 180°, than arc is –

(a) Major

(b) Minor arc

(e) Circle

(d) Semicircle

Solution :

(d) is correct.

Question 7.

Number of circles passes through three collinear points

(a) One

(b) Two

(c) Zero

(d) Infinite

Solution :

(a) is correct.

Question 8.

If in a circle, \(\widehat { AB }\) = \(\widehat { BA }\), then arc is –

(a) Major arc

(b) Minor arc

(c) Semi circle

(d) Circle

Solution :

(c) is correct.

Question 9.

If diameter of a circle (RBSESolutions.com) bisects two chords, then chords will be –

(a) Parallel

(b) Perpendicular

(e) Intersecting

(d) None of there

Solution :

(a) is correct.

Question 10.

If two arcs in congruent circles arc equal, then their corresponding chords will be –

(a) Parallel

(b) Equal

(e) Perpendicular

(d) Intersecting

Solution :

(b) is correct.

Question 11.

AD is diameter of a circle and AB is its chord. If AD = 34 cm, AB = 30 cm, then distance of AB from center of the circle is –

(a) 17 cm

(b) 15 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) 8 cm

Solution :

Diameter (AD) = 34 cm

Radius (OA) = 17 cm

From center O, OM is (RBSESolutions.com) perpendicular to chord AB

OM ⊥ AM

AM = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) AB

AM = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 30

AM = 15 cm

In right angled triangle AOM

By Pythagoras theorem.

AO^{2} = OM^{2} + AM^{2}

OM^{2} = AO^{2} – AM^{2}

= 17^{2} – 15^{2}

= (17 + 15) (17 – 15)

= 32 × 2

= 64

OM = \(\sqrt { 64 }\)

OM = 8 cm

Thus, (d) is correct.

Question 12.

In figure, If OA = 5 cm, AB = 8 cm and OD is (RBSESolutions.com) perpendicular to chord AB then CD equals –

(a) 2 cm

(b) 3 cm

(c) 4 cm

(d) 5 cm

Solution :

radius (OA) = 5 cm

OD ⊥ AB

∴ OC ⊥ AB

Perpendicular drawn from (RBSESolutions.com) center of circle bisects the chord.

AC = BC = AB

AC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 8

AC = 4 cm

In right angled triangle OCA

OA^{2} = OC^{2} + AC^{2}

OC^{2} = OA^{2} – AC^{2}

= (5)^{2} – (4)^{2}

= 25 – 16 = 9

OC = \(\sqrt { 9 }\)

OC = 3 cm.

∵ OD = OA = 5 = radius of circle

CD = OD – OC

= 5 – 3

CD = 2 cm

Thus, (a) is correct

Question 13.

If AB = 12 cm, BC = 16 cm and AB is (RBSESolutions.com) perpendicular to line segment BC then radius of a circle passing through A, B, and C is – .

(a) 6 cm

(b) 8 cm

(c) 10 cm

(d) 12 cm

Solution:

We know that angle in a semicircle is of 90°. Now, according to figure.

∴ ∠B = 90°

∴ In ΔABC

AC^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2}

= (12)^{2} + (16)^{2}

= 144 + 256 = 400

⇒ AC = \(\sqrt { 400 }\) = 20

∴ Diameter = 20 cm

or Radius = 10 cm

Hence, (RBSESolutions.com) option (c) is correct.

Question 14.

In figure, if ∠ABC = 20°, then ∠AOC equals

(a) 20°

(b) 40°

(c) 60°

(c) 10°

Solution : ∠ABC = 20°

We know that angle subtended by an arc (RBSESolutions.com) at the center of circle in double the angle subtended at remaining part.

∠AOC = 2∠ABC

⇒ ∠AOC = 2 × 20°

⇒ ∠AOC = 40°

Thus, (b) is correct.

Question 15.

In figure, If AOB is diameter of circle and AC = BC Then ∠CAB, then

(a) 30°

(b) 60°

(c) 90°

(d) 45°

Solution :

∠ACB is angle is semicircle

∴ ∠ACB = 90°

AC = BC (Given)

∴ ∠CAB = ∠CBA (angles opposite to equal sides)

In ∆ACB

∠CAB + ∠ABC + ∠BCA = 1800

= ∠CAB + ∠CAB + 90° = 180°

2∠CAB = 180 – 90°

∠CAB = 45°

Thus, (d) is correct.

Question 16.

In figure, If ∠OAB = 40°, then ∠ACB equals

(a) 50°

(b) 40°

(c) 60°

(d) 70°

Solution :

∵ OA = OB (radius of circle)

∴ ∠OAB = ∠OBA (angles (RBSESolutions.com) opposite to equal sites)

⇒ ∠OBA = 40°

In right angled ∆OAB

∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ 40° + 40° + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB = 180° – 80°

⇒ ∠AOB = 100°

We know that

∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOB

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 100° = 50°

Thus, (a) is correct.

Question 17.

In figure, ∠DAB = 60°, ∠ABD = 50°, then ∠ACB equal

(a) 60°

(b) 50°

(c) 70°

(d) 80°

Solution :

∠DAB = 60° and ∠ADB = 50°

In ΔADB

∠DAB + ∠ABD + ∠ADB = 180°

⇒ 60° + 50° + ∠ADB = 180°

⇒ ∠ADB = 180° – (60° – 50°)

⇒ ∠ADB = 70°

∠ACB and ∠ADB are angles in same segment.

So will be equal

⇒ ∠ACB = ∠ADB

= 70°

Thus, (c) is correct.

Question 18.

Side AB of a quadrilateral is a (RBSESolutions.com) diameter of its circumcircle and ∠ADC = 140°, then ∠BAC equals

(a) 80°

(b) 50°

(c) 40°

(d) 30°

Solution :

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠D + ∠B = 1800

∠B = 180° – ∠D

∠B = 180° – 140°

∠B = 40°

∠ACB is angle in semicircle

∴ ∠ACB = 90°

Now in ∆ABC

∠ABC + ∠ACB + ∠BAC = 180°

⇒ 40° + 90° + ∠BAC = 180°

⇒ ∠BAC= 180° – (40° + 90°)

⇒ ∠BAC= 180° – 130°

⇒ ∠BAC = 50°

Thus, (b) is correct.

Question 19.

In figure BC is diameter of (RBSESolutions.com) circle and ∠BAO = 60° then ∠ADC equal

(a) 30°

(b) 45°

(e) 60°

(d) 120°

Solution :

Since, ∠BAO = 60°

∴ ∠OBA = 60° ( OA = OB)

Then ∠ADC = 60° (angle of the same segment)

Thus, ∠ADC = 60°

Thus, option (c) is correct.

Question 20.

In fig. ∠AOB = 90° and ∠ABC = 30° then, ∠CAO equal to :

(a) 30°

(b) 45°

(c) 90°

(d) 60°

Solution :

∠AOB = 90° (given)

∵ OA = OB (Radius of circle)

∴ ∠OAB = ∠OBA = x (Let)

In ΔOAB

∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ x + x + 90° = 180°

⇒ 2x = 180° – 90°

⇒ x = \(\frac { { 90 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 } \) = 45°

∴ ∠OAB = 45°

∠OBA = 45°

We know that angles (RBSESolutions.com) subtended by arc at centre of circle double the angle subtended at remaining part of circle.

∠AOB = 2∠ACB

∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 90° = 45°

Now, on ΔABC

∠ACB + ∠BAC + ∠CBA = 180°

∠ACB + [∠BAO + ∠CAO] + ∠CBA = 180°

⇒ 45° + (45° + ∠CAO) + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠CAO = 180° – (30° + 45° + 45°)

⇒ ∠CAO = 180° – 120°

⇒ ∠CAO = 60°

Thus, (d) is correct.

**Short/Long Answer Type Questions**

Question 1.

If two equal chords of circle (RBSESolutions.com) intersects then Prove that segments of two chords are equal separately.

Solution :

Given :

chord AB = chord CD is circle with center O. AB and CD intersects each other at point E.

To Prove:

AE = CE

and BE = DE

Construction : Draw OL ⊥ AB and OM ⊥ CD and OE and join

Proof : OL ⊥ AB

Thus, AL = LB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)AB

Similarly OM ⊥ CD

Thus, CM = MD = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) CD

But AB = CD

Thus AL = CM

and LB = MD ……(i)

and OL = OM (Equal chords arc equidistant from centre.)

Thus, in right angled ∆OLE and ∆OME

Hypotenuse OE = hypotenuse OE (common)

and OL = OM

∆OLE = ∆OME

Thus LE = ME [∵ AL = CM]

Adding,

LE + AL = ME + CM

AE = CE

Similarly BE = DE

Question 2.

If P, Q, and R arc mid (RBSESolutions.com) points of sides BC, CA and AB of a triangle ABC, respectively and AD ⊥ BC, then Prove that P, Q, R, D are cyclic.

Solution :

Given : In ∆ABC, P, Q, Rare mid points of sides BC, CA and AB respectively and AD ⊥ BC

To Prove : Points P Q, R and arc cyclic.

Construction : Join RD, RP PQ and RQ.

Proof : In ∆ABC

points R and Q arc mid points of sides AB and CA

∴ RQ || BC [By mid point theorem]

Similarly PQ || AB and PR || CA

In right BPQR

BP || RQ and PQ || BR (RQ || BC and PQ || AB)

∴ Quadrilateral BPQR is a (RBSESolutions.com) cyclic quadrilateral.

Similarly

Quadrilateral ARPQ will be a cyclic quadrilateral.

∴ ∠A = ∠RPQ [opposite angles of parallelogram]

PR || AC and PC is transversal

∠BPR = ∠C (corresponding angles)

∠DPQ = ∠DPR + ∠RPQ

= ∠A + ∠C ……(i)

RQ || BC and BR is transveral

∴ ∠ARO = ∠B (corresponding angles) …(ii)

In ΔABD

R is mid point of AB

OR || BD

∴ O, AD is mid (RBSESolutions.com) point of AD

OA = OD

In ΔAOR and ΔDOR

OA = OD

∠AOR = ∠DOR = 90°

OR = OR (common)

∴ ΔAOR = ΔDOR By (SAS Congruence)

⇒ ∠ARO = ∠DRO

∠DRO = ∠B(From equation (ii))

From quadrilateral PRQD

∠DRO + ∠DPQ = ∠B + (∠A + ∠C)

= ∠B + ∠A + ∠C

= 180°

⇒ ∠DRO + ∠DPQ = 180°

Thus, quadrilateral PRQD is a cyclic quadrilateral.

Points P, Q R and D are a cyclic.

Question 3.

ABCD is a parallelogram. (RBSESolutions.com) A circles passes through A and B and cuts AD at P and BC at Q. Prove that P, Q, C and D arc cyclic.

Solution :

Given :

ABCD is a parallelogram and circle passes through A and B, cuts AD at P a BC at Q.

To prove : P, Q C and D are cyclic

Construction : join PQ

Proof : ABCD is a parallelogram

∴ ∠ABC = ∠ADC …..(i) (opposite angles of parallelogram)

All the four vertices (RBSESolutions.com) of quadrilateral ABQP is circular

∴ ABQR is cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠ABQ + ∠APQ = 180° …..(ii)

BC || AD, PQ is transversal angles

Then, ∠APQ = ∠PQC (alternate angles) ……(iii)

from equation (i), (ii) and (iii)

∠ADC + ∠PQC = 180°

⇒ ∠PDC + ∠PQC = 180°

Similarly

∠QCD + ∠QPD = 180°

Thus, points P, Q, C and D will be cyclic.

Question 4.

Prove that if angle bisector of a triangle and (RBSESolutions.com) perpendicular bisector of its opposite sides intersects, then intersects at circumcircle of that triangle.

Solution :

Given

XY is perpendicular bisector of base BC of ∆ABC. ABDC is circumcircle of ∆ABC perpendicular bisector XY cuts circumcircle at D. XY cuts BC at M.

To Prove : Bisector of ∠A will pass through D.

Construction : Join DB and DC

Proof : XY is perpendicular (RBSESolutions.com) bisector of BC and cuts circumcircle

∴ Point D, lies on circumcircle and XY

In right angled ABDM and ∆CDM

BM = CM (XY, BC is perpendicular bisector of)

MD = MD (common side)

∠BMD = ∠CMD (∵ XY ⊥ BC)

By SAS congruence criterion

∆BDM = ∆CDM

∴ BD = CD

∵ Point D lies on circumcircle.

∴ In circumcircle chord BD chord CD

∴ arc BD arc CD (Corresponding (RBSESolutions.com) sides of congruent that angles)

In a circle, equal chords cuts equal arcs.

∴ Angle subtended by arc BD at point A = Angles subtended by arc CD at point A

∴ ∠BAD = ∠CAD

∴ AD, ∠A is bisector of ∠A

Thus, bisector of ∠A, AD will pass through D.

Question 5.

If AB and CD two chords of circle AYDZBWCX Intersects at (RBSESolutions.com) right angles (see fig.) then prove that arc CXA + arc DZB = arc AYD + arc BWC = a semicircle.

Solution :

Given : AB and CD two chords intersect each other at point M at right angle.

∴ ∠AMB = ∠BMD = ∠BMC

= ∠AMD = 90°

To Prove:

arc CXA + arc DZB = a semicircle

arc AID + arc BWC = a semicircle

Construction : Join AC, AD, BD and BC

Proof : We know that (RBSESolutions.com) angles in same segment by same arc are same.

∴ ∠ABC and ∠ADC are angles in same segment by same arc CXA.

∴ ∠ABC = ∠ADC

∠1 = ∠6

Similarly by arc DZB angle in same segment ∠BCD = ∠BAD

∠2 = ∠5 …(ii)

Adding equations (i) and (ii)

∠1 + ∠2 = ∠5 + ∠6

⇒ ∠1 +∠2 = ∠5 + ∠6 = 90°

[Since ∆AMD and ∆BMC arc right angles ∴ ∠5 + ∠6 = 90° = ∠1 + ∠2]

⇒ arc CXA + arc DZB = a semicircle

Similarly

By arc AYD angles is (RBSESolutions.com) same segment arc

∠ACD = ∠ABD

∠3 = ∠8 …..(iii)

Now, by arc BWC angles in same segment

∠BAC = ∠BDC

∠4 = ∠7 …..(iv)

Adding equations (iii) and (iv)

∠3 + ∠4 = ∠7 + ∠8

⇒ ∠3 + ∠4 = ∠7 + ∠8 = 90°

[Since ∆AMC and ∆BDM are right angles ∴ ∠3 + ∠4 = 90° = ∠7 + ∠8]

⇒ arc AYD + arc BWC = a semicircle

Question 6.

An equilateral ΔABC is inscribed in a circle. P is a point at minor arc which does not concides B and C then Prove that PA ¡s bisector of ∠BPC.

Solution :

Given :

∆ABC is an equilateral triangle

AB = BC = CA and P is (RBSESolutions.com) any point on minor arc BC.

To Prove : PA, bisector of ∠BPC

i.e,. ∠BPA = ∠CPA

Construction : Join PB, PC and PA

Proof : AB = AC (Given)

arc AB = arc AC

∠CPA = ∠BPA [∵ angles formed by arc AB and arc AC]

Thus, PA is bisector of ∠BPC

Question 7.

In figure AB and CD arc two (RBSESolutions.com) chords of circle, intersecting at point E. Prove that ∠AEC = (Angle formed by arc CXA at center of angle formed by arc DYB at center)

Solution :

O is centre of circle and arc is AC

∠AOC is angle subtended by arc AC at center, is (RBSESolutions.com) double the angle ∠ABC, angle at remaining part by same arc

∴ ∠AOC = 2∠ABC

Similarly

∠BOD, angle subtended by arc BD at center of circle is double the angle at remaining part.

∠BOD = 2∠BCD …..(ii)

Adding equation (i) and (ii)

∠AOC + ∠BOD = 2(∠ABC + ∠BCD)

⇒ ∠AOC + ∠BOD = 2∠AEC

⇒ ∠AEC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) [∠AOC + ∠BOD]

⇒ ∠AEC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) [Angle (RBSESolutions.com) formed at center by CXA angle formed of center by chord DYB]

Question 8.

If in a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, opposite angle bisectors interects at points P and Q of circumcircle of this quadrilateral, then Prove that PQ is diameter of the circle

Solution :

Given : ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral, bisectors of ∠A and ∠C cuts the circle at Q and P

To Prove : PQ is diameter of this circle

Construction : Join PA and PD

Proof : To prove PQ is diameter of circle ∠QAP should be equal to 90°

Now, ABCD is a cyclic (RBSESolutions.com) quadrilateral, then ∠A + ∠C = 180°

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠A + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠C = 90°

= ∠QAD + ∠PCD = 90°

∠PCD and ∠PAD are the angles subtended by arc PD is the same segment.

∴ ∠PCD = ∠PAD …(ii)

From (i) and (ii)

∠QAD + ∠PAD = 90° [∵ ∠QAD + ∠PAD = ∠QAP]

⇒ ∠QAP = 90°

⇒ ∠QAP is angle in semicircle.

Question 9.

Radius of a circle is \(\sqrt { 2 }\) cm. This circle is divides into two segment by a chord of length 2 cm. Prove that their chord subtends angle of 45° at a point in major segment.

Solution :

Given :

O is center of circle, on which (RBSESolutions.com) minor arc BC subtends ∠BAC is major segment and OB = \(\sqrt { 2 }\) cm BC = 2 cm

To Prove : ∠BAC = 45°

Construction : From center O of circle draw perpendicular to chord BC.

OM ⊥ BC

∴ ∠OMB = ∠OMC = 90°

Proof : We know that ⊥ drawn from center of the circle bisects the chord.

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 90°

= 45°

Thus, ∠BAC = 45°

Question 10.

AB and AC arc two chords of a circle (RBSESolutions.com) of radius r such that AB = 2 AC. If P and Q are respectively distance from center to AB and AC then Prove that 4q^{2} = p^{2} + 3r^{2}

Solution:

Given : From the center O of circle with center r, p and q arc respectively distance to AB and AC such that AB = 2 AC

To Prove : 4q^{2} = p^{2} + 3r^{2}

Construction : Drew perpendicular from center O to chords AB and AC which cuts chord at M and N respectively.

Question 11.

In fig, O is center of (RBSESolutions.com) circle and ∠BCO = 30°, then find x and y.

Solution :

In figure OM ⊥ BC

∴ ∠OMC = 90°

and ∠BCO = 30°

∠AOD = 90° (from figure)

∴ ∠OMC = ∠AOD = 90° (corresponding angles)

∴ BC || OD

∴ ∠COD = ∠BCO (alternate angles)

∴ ∠COD = 30°

By arc CD, angle subtend at center ∠COD is (RBSESolutions.com) double the angle at remaining part of circle ∠CBD.

Question 12.

In figure, O is center of circle, BD = OD and CD ⊥ AB, then find ∠CAB

Solution :

We know that BD = GD

∵ GD = OB (radius of circle)

∴ BD = OD = OB

Thus, OBD will be equilateral triangle

Each angle of equilateral triangle is 60°

∴ ∠BOD = ∠ODB = ∠OBD = 60°

By arc BD, angle subtended at center ∠BOD will be (RBSESolutions.com) double the angle subtended at remaining part of circle i.e., ∠DAB

∠DAB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) × 60°

= 30°

We know that AO, ∠CAD is of

∴ ∠CAB = ∠DAB = 30°

Thus, ∠CAB = 30°

Question 13.

Prove that the chord which passes through a point inside the circle is the smallest amongst all the chords and is perpendicular to the diameter passing through that point.

Solution :

Given :

AB is diameter passing through point R inside (RBSESolutions.com) circle of center O and required chord is PQ which is perpendicular to AB, CD is other chord passing through R.

To Prove : Chord PQ is the smallest.

Construction : Through O, draw OM ⊥ CD

Proof : In right angled ∆OMR

Hypotenuse OR is longest side of ∆OMR

⇒ OR > OM

OR is distance of chord PQ from center O and OM is distance of chord CD from center O. Since any one of two chords of a circle, the larger chord is nearer to the center

Thus, chord PQ is the smallest.

We hope the given RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Circle Miscellaneous Exercise will help you. If you have any query regarding Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Circle Miscellaneous Exercise, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

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