RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 National Parks & Wild Life Sanctuaries are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 National Parks & Wild Life Sanctuaries.
|Chapter Name||National Parks & Wild Life Sanctuaries|
|Number of Questions Solved||45|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 National Parks & Wild Life Sanctuaries
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
The aim of the National Parks is –
(a) Defence of the historical places
(b) Soil conservation
(c) Wildlife conservation
(d) Water conservation
Which district has the Ranthambore National Park?
Keoladeo National Park is also known as –
(c) Desert Park
(d) Deer Park
National Maru Park is also known as –
(a) Fossil park
(b) Keoladeo park
Sariska wild life sanctuary has been named as –
(a) Deer conservation plan
(b) Tiger Project
(c) Tiger Vihar Plan
(d) Forest conservation yojana
The black deer are found in the following sanctuary –
The Chambal sanctuary is famous for –
Bandh-Baretha Sanctuary is in –
(a) Alwar district
(b) Bharatpur district
(c) Jaipur district
(d) Jodhpur district
What is the total number of ‘No hunting zones’ in Rajasthan?
Which district has the Maachia Safari Park?
Very Short Answer Type Questions
What does bio-diversity mean?
Bio-diversity is an inseparable part of natural environment, which includes natural vegetation, wildlife, birds, animals, insects and micro creatures.
What is a National Park?
A national park is a sectorial region considered of historical importance for its natural beauty i.e. significance of vegetation, wildlife etc., is given statutory legal protection. Hunting is completely banned here, though it can be used for tourism.
What is sanctuary?
Sanctuary is a territory or sectoral region where hunting or poaching or chasing of wild animals is prohibited.
Why is Keoladeo sanctuary famous?
Keoladeo sanctuary is famous because it is the biggest breeding centre of birds in Asia. Siberian cranes, the international bird, migrate here in the winter months.
Why is the National Desert Park also known as the Fossil Park?
The National Desert Park conserves the natural vegetation and the fossils of the region, lying buried under the earth for crores of years. That is the reason for naming it the Fossil Park too.
Where is the Ramgarh Vishadhari sanctuary located?
The Ramgarh Vishadhari sanctuary is located 15 km. away from Bundi and is spread over an area of 307 sq. km.
Why is Sundhamata sanctuary famous?
Sundhamata sanctuary is famous for the conservation of bears which has about 300 bears.
What is the number of the Deer parks in Rajasthan?
Rajasthan has six deer parks.
Short Answer Type Questions
Write about the location and features of the Keoladeo National Park.
Keoladeo National Park –
I. Its location – It is located in Bharatpur city. It covers about 29 sq. km. area, having lake in 11 sq. km.
II. Its features –
- It is the biggest breeding centre of birds in Asia.
- Every year one can see here the migratory birds of 113 species and the Indian local birds of 392 species.
- During the months of winter the international bird Siberian crane lives here.
- Others birds commonly found in this National park, are swan, Ibis, goose, pelican, cuckoo, peacock (the national bird) etc.
Write a note on the Sariska wildlife sanctuary.
Sariska wildlife sanctuary –
- It is located in a place, Sariska 35 Km. far-from Alwar.
- Prior to independence, this sanctuary was started in a palace in Sariska.
- In 1955 the state government declared it a sanctuary and gave it a status of the National Park in 1990.
- The central government has started here The Tiger Project.
- One can see here lion, tiger, Sambhar, Cheetal, Nilgai, bear, black hare, ape and many other birds.
- It is a known fact that almost all the tigers here had once disappeared and for their relocation some tigers had to be shifted from Ranthambor.
Write about the Talchapper Krishanamarg sanctuary.
Talchapper Krishanamrag sanctuary is located on the Bikaner-Jaipur highway, 12 m away from the Sujangarh town in Churu district. It is spread over 20 hectare area. It has only black deer which can be seen moving here in a flock of about 500 animals.
Write about the Phoolwadi Ki Naal sanctuary.
This sanctuary is located in the Phoolwadi Ki Naal, a backward and calm region of Udaipur district. It covers 511 sq. km area. It lies in a very thick forest and abounds in tigers, leopards, sambhar and cheetah as well as birds of many species.
Write about Kaila Devi Sanctuary.
Kaila Devi sanctuary is spread over 376 sq. km. area near Karauli. It was named so in 1983 and is located in the hilly thick forest area. Presently it has tiger, bear, sambhar, cheetah and Nilgai.
What does ‘Hunting Prohibited Area’ mean? Name ‘No hunting areas’ of any two districts.
- The area (zones) are declared ‘No-Hunting Zones’ where the wildlife is under threat. It is done to protect and conserve the wildlife. Under article 37 of the Wildlife Conservation (safety) Act, such areas have been declared ‘No Hunting zones’ where the wildlife is endangered and it has become necessary to protect and develop further wildlife.
- Hunting prohibited areas of two districts of Rajasthan are –
- Jaipur district – Santhal and Mahala
- Bikaner district – Jodveer, Vaishney, Mukam, Bajju and De-Yatra.
Write about Pushkar and Ashoka Vihar Mragvan.
- Pushkar Margvan – It has been developed in the hilly area near ancient Panchkund of the holy pilgrimage, Pushkar. In 1985, a few deer were transported here.
- Ashoka Vihar Margvan – About 12 hectare land area in the Ashoka Vihar area of Jaipur city has been developed as the Ashoka Vihar Margvan. Another 7500 sq. m area, close to Ashoka Vihar Margvan is being developed. It has about 24 deer and 8 Chinkara.
Long Answer Type Questions
What do you understand by Bio-diversity? What is the role of the National Parks in the conservation of Bio-diversity?
- Bio-diversity is an integral part of Natural environment. It includes natural vegetation, wildlife, birds-animals, insects, micro creatures etc.
- Role of National Parks in the conservation of bio-diversity is very significant because they provide a natural atmosphere for the animals and creatures, to live in a specific area.
They play a major role in the conservation of bio-diversity because of the reasons as –
- Check on deforestation.
- Provision of safe and favourable habitat for the wildlife.
- Total ban on hunting of wildlife.
- Knowledge about the endangered wildlife species and making special provisions for their conservation.
- Proper care of the wildlife.
- Alerting the common man of need for the safety and protection of the wildlife.
Describe any five sanctuaries of Rajasthan.
Five Sanctuaries of Rajasthan –
- Shergarh Sanctuary –
Shergarh forest of the Baran district has a great name for the tigers. It has been named as the Shergarh sanctuary in 1983. It covers merely 99 sq. km area where the wildlife is conserved and protected. The tigers are nearly extinct but one can see there leopard, bear, hyena, cheetah, sambhar, etc.
- Bassi Sanctuary –
It lies 25 km far from Pratapgarh and is spread over 153 sq. km area. It is located at the conflux point of the Aravalli and the Vindhyanchal mountain ranges. It was declared a sanctuary in 1988, for the safety of the wildlife. Its main attractions are four horned antelope, crocodile, tiger, wild cat etc.
- Swaimansingh Sanctuary –
This is the forest area adjoining Ranthambore National Park. It was named sanctuary in 1984. It is spread over 103 sq. km area. Tigers beyond the capacity of Ranthambore sanctuary, would be transported here. Its main attractions are tiger, nilgai, cheetah, sambhar etc.
- Kumbhalgarh Rankapur Sanctuary –
It is near Kumbhalgarh town, 20 km away from Udaipur city. Close to it are the worth visiting places namely Ranakpur Jain temple and Kumbhalgarh fort. It is the habitat for bear, wild boar, sambhar, nilgai, hare, wild cock etc.
- Jaisamand Sanctuary –
It is the most entertaining sanctuary with its scenic beauty. It is located amidst hills on the bank of Jaisamand lake, 50 km away from Udaipur. It conserves bear, boar, leopard, Nilgai besides partridge and many other birds.
Give an account of deer forests of Rajasthan.
Deer Forests of Rajasthan are:
- Ashoka Vihar Deer forest –
A tract of 12 hectare in the Ashoka Vihar of Jaipur city has been developed as the Ashoka Vihar deer forest. Close to it another tract of about 7500 sq. m is being developed. There are 24 deer and 8 chinkaras parks.
- Machiya Safari Park –
It was developed in 1985 near the Kayalana lake of Jodhpur. It covers about 600 hectare area. One can find here many animals as wolf, ape, porcupine, desert cat, nilgai, black deer, chinkara etc. as well as many birds.
- Chittorgarh Deer Forest –
It was established in 1969 on the southern end of the famous Chittorgarh fort. It has wildlife as Nilgai, Cheetah, chinkara, black deer etc.
- Pushkar Deer Forest –
This deer forest has been developed in the hilly region close to the ancient, panchkund near the holy pilgrimage, Pushkar. Soon after developing it in 1985 many deer were brought to this forest.
- Sanjay Park Deer Forest –
This park has been developed in about 10 hectare area on the natural highway near Shahpura (District Jaipur). It has been developed as the ‘Rural’ Awareness centre. It is an habitat for Chinkara, Nilgai, Cheetal etc.
- Sajjangarh Deer Forest –
It extends in the hilly tract of Sajjangarh fort of Udaipur.
Give an Analysis of the ‘No Hunting Zones’ of Rajasthan.
‘No Hunting Zones’ of Rajasthan – By the article 37 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 those areas have been declared ‘No Hunting Zones’ where the wildlife can be protected and developed. In 26720 sq. km. area of Rajasthan there are 33 hunting prohibited areas, as –
- Two in Jaipur – Santhal and Mahala.
- Seven in Jodhpur – Doli, Guda, Vishnoi, Jammev varji, Dechoo, Sathin, Lohvat and Pheet Kasani.
- Three in Ajmer – Tilora, Sokhalia and Gangwana.
- Two in Alwar – Johriya and Badorad.
- Two in Nagaur – Rotu and Jaroda.
- Two in Jaisalmer – Ramdevra and Ujjala
- One in Udaipur – Bakdara.
- One in Chittaurgarh – Mainal
- One in Kota – Saurson.
- One in Bundi – Kanak Sagar
- One in Barmer – Dhori Manna
- One in Pali – Jawai Dam
- One in Churu – Samvatsar Kotsar
- One in Jalore – Sanchore
- One in Tonk – Ranipura
- One in Swaimadhopur – Kanwalji
Explain the National Parks and Tiger Project of Rajasthan.
National Parks and Tiger Projects are:
- Ranthambhore National Park –
It is the tiger conservation park spread on all the four sides of Ranthambhore, near Swaimadhopur. It covers about 392 sq. km area. It is a habitat for the Indian tiger, leopard, bear, sambhar, cheetah, nilgai, crocodile and variety of birds. It is a good tourist resort in the winters and pleasant for the tourists-in the rainy season.
- Keoladeo National Park –
It is the biggest breeding centre of birds in Asia and is located in Bharatpur city. It is also known as Ghana. It covers 29 sq.km area and has a lake in 11 sq. km. area, where one can see the foreign migratory birds of 113 species and the local Indian birds of 392 species. It is a habitat for the Siberian Crane in the months of winter. Other wildlife seen here are swan, Ibb, male goose and female goose, pelican, cuckoo and peacock, the national bird. .
- Mukandara Hills National Park (Declared National Park) –
Previously known as the Darra sanctuary, has been now declared as the National park. It has extent in Kota district, over about 200 sq. km. area. Its main inhabitants are Panther, Tiger, Boar and other wildlife and different types of birds.
- National Desert Park, Jaisalmer –
It was established in Jaisalmer in 1981, with the main aim of conservation of Natural vegetation of the region and the fossil lying buried under the earth for millions of years. Hence it is also known as Fossil Park. It covers about 3162 sq. km. area of Jaisalmer and Barmer districts. Besides conservation of fossil and Natural vegetation, it also conserves chinkara, chausingha, Black deer and Godwana.
- Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary (Tiger Project Sariska) –
Initially a palace was built in a place Sariska, about 35 km. away from Alwar and the wildlife sanctuary was set up here. In 1955 the state government declared it legally a sanctuary and it was given the status of National Park in 1990. The central government has started here the ‘Tiger Project’. This Van Vihar is a habitat for lion, leopard, sambhar, cheetah, Nilgai, Boar, black, hare, ape etc. and many birds. The fact is that there is an extinction of tigers in the Sariska sanctuary and for their relocation some of the tigers are being transported from Ranthambhore.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
Shergarh Sanctuary is known for –
(d) Black deer
It is a national bird –
Bio Diversity includes –
(a) Natural vegetation
(d) All of the above
The National Desert Park was established in 1981 in –
It is the sanctuary located on the bank of the lake –
(a) Ramgarh Van Vihar sanctuary
(b) Kaila devi sanctuary
(c) Jamwa Ramgarh sanctuary
(d) Jaisamand sanctuary
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Name any two sanctuaries of Udaipur.
Two sanctuaries of Udaipur –
- Jaisamand sanctuary
- Sajjangarh sanctuary
What is the fundamental purpose of having national parks and sanctuaries?
Conservation and protection of wildlife is the basic aim of the national parks and sanctuaries.
Which national park of Rajasthan is spread over the maximum area?
National Desert park or Fossil park of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, is spread over ar large area i.e. about 3162 sq. km.
When was the Environment Conservation Act, enacted?
The Environment Conservation Act was enacted in 1986.
When was the National Desert Park, Jaisalmer, established?
The National Desert Park Jaislmer was established in 1981.
Which sanctuary is located on the Bikaner-Jaipur highway?
Talchapper Krishanmarg sanctuary is located on the Bikaner-Jaipur highway.
Where has the Sanjay Park Deer Van been established and how much area does it cover?
Sanj ay Park Deer Van has been developed on the National Highway near Shahpur (Jaipur district).
Name any four ‘No hunting zones’ of Jodhpur.
Doli, Guda, Vishnoi and Jammev.
Short Answer Type Questions
What are the main causes of endangered wildlife in Rajasthan?
Causes of endangered wildlife in Rajasthan are –
- Climate Change
- Use of forest land for the residential, agricultural and commercial purpose, resulting in decline in the animal habitat.
- Loss to the wildlife in the areas surrounding many dams.
- Environment contamination.
- Illegal hunting and poaching.
- Drying up of many water resources due to droughts and thus posing a threat to the wildlife.
What steps have been taken by the Rajasthan government for the conservation of wild life and protection of their habitat?
Steps taken by the Rajasthan government are –
- Formation of a committee to enforce the report of task force.
- Investigation of the wildlife in the state by the Indian Wildlife Institute, Dehradun.
- Launching of Habitat Reforms plan for the integrated development of the Talchapper sanctuary famous for the black deer.
- Posting of the security guards for the Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger projects to check illegal poaching, after declaring red alert and sealing their boundaries.
- ‘Tiger Corridor’ for the conservation of tigers is another step. As a result the tigers of the Ranthambore sanctuary would be able to stroll till the Gandhi Sagar sanctuary.
- A plan to prepare the Project Bustard for the conservation of genes pool and grass land eco-system.
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