RBSE Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Chapter 22 Our Cultural Heritage is part of RBSE Solutions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 6 Social Science Chapter 22 Our Cultural Heritage.
|Chapter Name||Our Cultural Heritage|
|Number of Questions||56|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 6 Social Science Chapter 22 Our Cultural Heritage
Textbook Activity Based Questions and Answers
The first postal stamp printed in India which contained the National Emblem? (Page 153)
At what places is our National Emblem used? Prepare a list. (Page 156)
Our National Emblem is used at the following places-
- On the letter head of the President, the Vice-President and the Governor of India.
- On the currency of India.
- On the uniform of Indian Navy, Army and Air Force.
- On judicial and non judicial stamp papers.
- On postal stamps.
Collect some Jatak Kathas and tell them to your friends. (Page 156)
Mahatma Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. He was born in Lumbini. His mother’s name was Mahamaya. He was married to Yashodhara at the age of 16 years. Rahul was the name of his son. At the age of 29 years, he left his house and went outside in search of truth. He attained knowledge under the Bodhi Tree.
Who bore the expenses for the construction of stoopas?
The kings, rich persons (Shreshtis), traders and other people bore the expenses for the construction of stoopas.
The hills of which river valley were cut for making Ajanta caves?
The hills of Baghora river valley were cut for making Ajanta caves.
What is called a Stoopa?
The semi-circular dunes built of clay and bricks erected over the earthly remains of great saints are known as Stoopas.
Where is the Amravati Stoopa situated?
The Amravati Stoopa is situated in Amravati town situated on the banks of river Krishna in present day Andhra Pradesh.
To what events are the Jatak Kathas related?
Jatak Kathas are related to the events of Buddha’s earlier incarnation.
What is called a Vihar?
The caves formed by cutting the hills which are used for the residence of Buddhist Bhikchus are known as Vihars.
Who wrote the book, ‘Aryabhattiya’?
Aryabhatt wrote the book, ‘Aryabhattiya’.
Which book was written by Charak?
Charak wrote the book named ‘Charak Sanhita’.
Describe the structure of a stoopa.
The structure of the stoopa was in the shape of semi-circular dune. Its size was widened using bricks or stones and they were covered with canopies. ‘Vedika’ was constructed around the circumference of the stoopas for ‘Parikrama’ and the verandas were decorated with various statues.
Write in detail about ancient literature.
The ancient literature was of many types. Some literature was religious while some was secular. Vedic literature, Jatak tales, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagwad Gita, etc. were included in religious literature and Sangam literature, Abhigyaan Shakuntalam, Natayasastra, Panchtantra, Harshcharit, etc. were included in secular literature.
Match the Column A with Column B
|Column A||Column B|
|1. Jatak Katha||a. Dance|
|2. Sangam literature||b. Drama|
|3. Bed||c. Stories of Buddha’s earlier incarnation|
|4. Play||d. Literature of Tamil language|
|5. Dancer||e. Pillow|
1 – c
2 – d
3 – e
4 – b
5 – a
Other Important Questions
Objective Type Questions
Chaityas are associated with-
The sculptors of Gandhar art of statue making were-
Kalidas composed his poetries in
Ratnawali was composed by-
(a) Vishnu Sharma
(b) Amar Singh
The earth is round and it rotates on its axis. This was firstly told by-
Fill in the following blanks
1. The literary meaning of stoopa is …………. .
2. The remains of ………… are preserved at the Indian Museum at Kolkata.
3. Firstly, the Buddhist statues were made during the …………. Era.
4. Ramayana was composed by …………. .
5. …………. has been composed by Elangare Adigal.
2. Bharhut Stoopa
4. Maharishi Valmiki
5. Shipakiram (Tamil)
Match Column A with Column B
|Column A (Litterateur)||Column B (Composition)|
|i. Vishnu Sharma||a. Marichhkatikam|
|ii. Kshudrak||b. Harshcharit|
|iii. Banbhatta||c. Manimekhlav (Tamil)|
|iv. Sitale Satnar||d. Panchtantra|
i – d
ii – a
iii – b
iv – c
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Which subjects are included in culture?
Man-made pieces of art, handicraft, meditation, music, dance and daily routine lives and faiths of persons are the subjects included in culture.
In whose honour were the stoopas built?
Stoopas were built in honour of great Buddhist Bhikkhus.
What is the material used in the construction of Amravati Stoopa?
White stone (marble) has been used in the construction of Amravati Stoopa.
At which places have Chaityas and Vihars mainly been found?
Chaityas and Vihars have mainly been found at places, namely- Ajanta, Ellora and Kanheri.
How many caves of Ajanta are places of worship (Chaityas) and how many are Vihars?
Five caves of Ajanta are places of worship (Chaityas) and the remaining 24 caves are Vihars.
After abandoning the Ajanta caves in 490 BC, where did the Buddhist community establish its new centre?
After abandoning the Ajanta caves in 490 BC, the Buddhist community established its new centre in Ellora (Vellur in local language).
What is the subject of the statues and pictures depicted in Ajanta caves?
The subject of statues and pictures depicted in Ajanta caves are related to the life of Lord Buddha and stories of his earlier incarnation, etc.
The pictures made in Ajanta caves had a great impact over the picture drawing traditions of which countries?
The pictures made in Ajanta caves had a great impact over the picture drawing traditions of East Asia, Java, Sumatra, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and China.
Why did Ashoka build stone plaques?
Ashoka built stone plaques in order to communicate his messages to common people.
Describe the independent statues made during the Morya Era.
The Yakshini of Didarganga near Patliputra, the Yaksha found at Patna and Parkham, the human trunk from Lohanupur, etc. are included in the independent statues made during the Morya Era.
Which was an excellent gift of the Kushan period?
The first statue of Lord Buddha was made during the Kushan Era, which is an excellent gift of this period to Indian art.
Statues associated with which religions were made during the Gupta Era?
Several statues associated with Hindu, Boddha and Jain were made during the Gupta Era.
Which languages were spoken by the society during the Gupta Era?
Dining the Gupta Era, educated people of high class spoke Sanskrit and the rest of the common people spoke Non-Sanskrit/ Prakrit.
In which language was the Sangam literature written?
Sangam literature was written in Tamil language.
What information is obtained from the Natayasastra written by Bharat?
Natayasastra written – by Bharat provides information about arts such as dance, drama and music, etc.
Who was Charak?
Charak was a great doctor who had written a book named ‘Ayurveda’, which contains description about various diseases and their cures and medicines.
The astronomers accept the principles propounded by whom as authentic even today?
The astronomers accept the principles propounded by the great Indian astronomer Aryabhatt as authentic even today.
Short Answer Type Questions
What is the origin of the art of statue making in India?
Art of making statues in India has its origin in the earthen, stone and metallic statues found in the Sindhu-Saraswati civilization excavation. In fact, the art of statue making flourished dining the Morya dynasty of India.
Which statues were made under Gandhar and Mathura art?
The statues of Buddhist and Hindu Gods, the Jain Teerthkankars, two faces of Shiva, i.e. Eklinga and human face together, Krishna-Balram, Kartikey, Indra, Sun, Lakshmi, Saraswati, etc. were made under Gandhar and Mathura art.
What is the origin of the languages spoken by us at present?
Sanskrit was the ancient language of India, but by the start of the Gupta Era, Prakrit languages were spoken and propagated widely along with Sanskrit. The languages spoken by us at present originated from Prakrit languages.
What do you mean by the term ’culture’?
The culture of any country is its soul as well as its moral or mental identity. It is not the result of the acts or deeds of the King or any one of the citizens, but it is the result of the acts, philosophies, traditions and thoughts of innumerable citizens.
What do you understand by the term ‘stoopa’? Explain.
The stoopas were built in ancient times. They were erected over the earthly remains of the great saints known as ‘Bhikkhus’. These semi-circular dunes were made of clay and bricks. According to the orders of Shakya Muni Gautam Buddha, his disciples kept bis remains by dividing it into eight different parts and keeping them in eight different stoopas. These stoopas were sacred places of worship.
Write short notes on the following
- Chaitya – Solid stone stoopas were made by cutting the hills for the purpose of worshipping and such places of worship were known as Chaityas. Chaityas are worship places associated with Buddhism.
- Vihar – Those places which are made in the caves for the residence of Buddhist Bhikkhus by cutting the hills are known as Vihars. Vihars were two or three storeied structures. Apart from residing here, the sages studied, meditated and discussed with each other over important topics.
Describe the Gandhar art of statue making in brief.
The subject of Gandhar art was Indian but its sculptors were Greek. The statues of Buddha in Gandhar art have curly hair, tied over his head and with a hallow around his face. The clothes of these statues have an effect of transparency and cramps.
Give a description of Gupta period art of statue making.
The Gupta period art of statue making was influenced by Indian elements. The statues made during this period associated with Hindu religion include the statues of Sheshnaag, Lord Vishnu residing on his bed (in Devgrah Temple, Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh), Shiv-Parwati, Trimurti, etc. Padmasana Buddha on Dharam Chakkra at Sarnath and the statues of the Jain Teerthankaras made dining this era were inspired by Indian art.
How was the knowledge related to Indian medical science propagated in foreign countries?
In order to propagate knowledge related to Indian medical science, Sushrut Sanhita was exclusively translated into Arabian language. In this manner, knowledge of Indian medical science reached in the Arab regions and from there it reached Europe.
Write a note on Aryabhatt.
Aryabhatt was an Indian astronomer and in his book ‘Aryabhattiya’, he wrote that the earth is round and it rotates on its axis and during the period of eclipse the earth shadows the moon.
Which are the major Buddhist religious books and what things are included in them? Explain.
Following are the major Buddhist religious books and the things included in them-
- Vinay Pitak – Rules for Buddhist sages
- Sutt Pitak – Preachings of Lord Buddha
- Abhidham Pitak – Subjects of philosophy and social science
Long Answer Type Questions
What is the significance of literature in our lives?
Literature is of immense significance in our lives and this has been clarified in the following points-
- We get information about numerous stories and poetries from literature.
- We feel pleasure while speaking and listening to literature.
- We transfer the present traditions to our future generations with the help of literature..
- We obtain religious knowledge from literature.
- Literature helps us to know about our ancient ways.
- Literature provides us the basis to depict our social, political, economic and behavioral lifestyle.
Write two sentences each related to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Following are two sentences each related to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata-
- The Ramayana, written by Maharishi Valmiki contains heroic deeds of Rama the prince of Ayodhya and his life as ‘Maryada Purshottam’.
- The story of Lord Rama is heard and enacted in East Asia and other parts of the world apart from India.
- The Mahabharata written by Maharishi Ved Vyas is the story of wars fought in the Kuru dynasty.
- It contains the messages delivered by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the battlefield of Kurukshetra and the anthology of these messages is called the ‘Bhagwadgeeta’. The messages of this book are true even today.
Prepare a list of the mayor literature writers of the ancient period along with their compositions.
Following is the list of major litterateurs of the ancient period along with their compositions –
|Kalidas||Abhigyaan Shakuntalam, Meghdoot, R usanhar, Kumarsambhav|
|Emperor Harsh||Ratnawali, Naganand, Priyadarshika|
|Elangare Adigal||Shipakiram (Tamil)|
|Sitale Satnar||Manimekhlav (Tamil)|
Write a note on the process of drawing in Ajanta.
What is meant by the Fresco process of drawing of Ajanta?
In total, there are 29 caves in Ajanta in which the uneven walls of the hill were first made even before drawing anything on them. Cowdung, sand, rice brawn were fermented in large pits for this purpose. Then the walls were plastered with this material. The plaster was kept one inch in thickness. It was then treated with a solution of white lime, the thickness of which was kept equal to an eggshell.
Sketching was done with red colour and then the picture was coloured with different colours. After colouring the picture and making boundaries with black colour, it was beaten with ‘karni’ (trowel), so that the colour was absorbed by the wall. Thereafter, the entire picture was treated with the solution made from finely- ground smooth stone. This was called the art of’Fresco’.
Describe the Sarnath Pillar of Ashoka.
The Ashoka pillar of Sarnath made by Ashoka has been adopted as the National Emblem of India. The pillar at Sarnath is an excellent example of contemporary art. The pillar found at Sarnath has four lions sitting at the top with their backs to each other. The lions inscribed on its uppermost part are attractive and beautiful. Lions sitting on this pillar are facing four directions, which is a symbol of the nation’s power, valour and sovereignty. They are sitting on a round platform, which contains protruding statues of a bullock, a horse, an elephant and a lion. The pillar and these pictures have been polished with shining colours. The Sarnath pillar of Ashoka has a unique place in the art of statue making of the entire world.
Picture Based Question
Collect some pictures associated with Indian culture and write their names.
Following are some major pictures associated with Indian culture along with their names:
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