RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 12 State Government are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 12 State Government.
|Chapter Name||State Government|
|Number of Questions Solved||33|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 12 State Government
Exercise from text book
Choose the right answer.
(1) Who is the Constitutional head of the state?
(a) Chief Minister
(b) Prime Minister
(2) The Rajasthan State Assembly consists of how many members :
(3) The voters of the state cast their votes for:
(a) Elections of the local self bodies
(b) Elections of the Legislative Assembly
(c) General elections for the Lok Sabha
(d) For all three
(d) For all three
Fill in the Blanks
(1) ……….. is the leader of the Council of Ministers.
(2) The departments have ………. to assist the ministers.
(3) Rajasthan has ………… legislature.
(4) Rajasthan’s High Court is situated at ………..
1. Chief Minister
Match the columns :
|Column A(Subject)||Column B(List)|
|(i) Internal security,banking,communication||(a) concurrent list|
|(ii) police,Agriculture,Cooperative||(b) Union list|
|(iii) Education,Forest,Labour Union||(c) state list|
|Column A||Column B|
|(i) Chief minister &council of ministers||(a) Judiciary|
|(ii) Legislative assembly||(b)Executive|
|(iii) High court||(c) Legislature|
Which are the major wings of the State Government?
There are three wings of the State Government : 1. Executive, 2. Legislature, 3. Judiciary.
Who are included in the Executive?
In the executive, the Governor, the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers are included and the permanent executive consists of government officials and employees.
Describe the main functions of the Chief Minister?
The main functions of the Chief Minister are :
- He/She allocates the work among the ministers
- He/She monitors the functions of various departments and coordinates their work. All ministers work in his/her leadership
- He/She presides over the meetings of the cabinet
- Being a leader of majority party, he/she acts as leader of the house in the assembly.
Describe the legislative functions of the Legislative Assembly?
Work related to law making is called legislative work. Legislative Assembly of the State can make laws on matters of state list and concurrent list. It can also amend the existing law and can also repeal it. In addition, it also participates in the amendment process in certain parts of the Constitution.
Activities from textbook
Activity (Page 99)
Collect information on the following with the help of your teachers/guardians :
Names of the President and the Prime minister
(i) President – Ramnath Kovind
(ii) Prime Minister – Narendra Damoder Das Modi.
Names of the Governor and Chief Minister of Rajasthan?
Governor – Kalyan Singh
Chief Minister – Vasundhara Raje.
Names of the members of the council of Ministers of the State.
- Smt. Vasundhara Raje
- Sh. Gulab Chand Kataria
- Sh. NandLal Meena
- Sh. Rajendra Rathore
- Sh. Kali Charan Saraf
- Sh. Prabhu Lai Saini
- Sh. Gajendra Singh
- Sh. Yunus Khan
- Sh. Surendra Goyal
- Sh. Rajpal Singh Shekhawat
- Dr. Rampratap
- Smt. Kiran Maheshwari
- Sh. Arun Chaturvedi
- Sh. Hem Singh Bhadana
Name of the Assembly Election Ward of your area.
Our Assembly Election Ward is Kumher (Bharatpur).
Name of the MLA of our Legislative Assembly Ward.
Name of the MLA of our Assembly Ward is Sh. Vishvendra Singh.
Name of the capital of Rajasthan?
Other important questions
(A) Multiple Choice Questions
There are provincial federal units in the Indian republic
India has a bicameral legislature in :
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(d) All these
(d) All these
What is the minimum age to become an MLA?
Who has the control over the state’s finance related work?
(a) The Governor
(b) Cabinet council
The High Court can hear which of these disputes?
(a) Dispute between state and people
(b) Dispute between the government and the people
(c) Appeals against judgments of subordinate courts
(d) All the above
(d) All the above
(B) Fill in the Blanks
The Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers take ……………….. decisions in their meetings.
Both central and state governments can make ………. on topics of concurrent list. But the law of the center has been given the status.
The Governor is appointed by the ………….
Meetings of the Legislative Assembly are held at least ……….. times in a year.
2. laws, highest
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
What are the judicial powers given to the Governor?
The governor can reduce or suspend the sentence of a convicted person and may also pardon him.
Who is the head of State Council of Ministers? ‘
Chief Minister is the head of state council of ministers.
Who conducts the proceedings of the Legislative Assembly?
The President/ the speaker of the Assembly conducts the proceedings of the Legislative Assembly.
What is the importance of the no-confidence motion for the state government?
In the Assembly, the ‘Council of Ministers’ has to resign if the ‘non-confidence motion’ is passed against the state government.
Where is the Supreme Court of the Indian judiciary located?
The Supreme Court of the Indian judiciary is located in New Delhi.
Where is the High Court of Rajasthan located?
The High Court of Rajasthan is located in Jodhpur.
Who appoints of the Chief Minister and Ministers?
The Governor appoints the Chief Minister and with the advice of the Chief Minister appoints the Ministers.
What are emergency powers?
These are the powers that the Governor uses in place of the elected government in the state of emergency.
From where does the Council of Ministers govern the rule of the state in Rajasthan?
The Council of Ministers governs the rule of the state from Jaipur which is the capital city of Rajasthan.
(D) Short Answer Type Questions
In India, voters choose the government at which three levels?
In India the voters choose the government at the following three levels :
- The urban body of our city or Panchayati Raj institutions of our rural area at local level.
- To the government of our state at state level.
- To the union government of the country at national level.
Write about the appointment, tenure and qualifications of the Governor?
The Governor is appointed by the President. His term is for 5 years but, he could only remain in his post until the President’s will. The qualification of a Governor is that- He must be a citizen of India, He must not be less than 35 years of age, the Governor should not be a member of any house of the Parliament/Legislative Assembly. If an MP is appointed as Governor, he needs to vacate his seat. He should also not hold any other office of profit.
What are the executive powers of the Governor?
The Governor appoints the Chief minister. He also appoints other ministers on the advice of the Chief minister. State executive – powers are vested in the Governor.
All the laws and the major policy decisions of the government are issued in his name. Appointments to all the major positions of the state are done by the Governor. But he uses these rights only on the advice of the Council of Ministers. He can ask for information on any matter from the Council of Ministers. The Governor, from time to time, keeps sending the state’s law and order situation to the Central Government.
What are the legislative powers of the Governor?
The Governor convenes the session of the legislature and addresses the first session. Bill passed by the legislature becomes a law only after the signature of the Governor. He arranges to present the budget before the legislature. Without the approval of the governor, a money bill cannot be submitted in the assembly.
Who are the bureaucrats?
In each ministry, there are secretaries to assist the minister. These secretaries are called bureaucrats. These bureaucrats provide information to the minister and help the minister in making decisions. Bureaucrats are responsible for implementing the decisions of the Council of Ministers.
Is the Governor the real head of the state?
No, the Governor is only the state’s constitutional head. All the activities of the state government are operated under his name. In reality, all the powers of the rule of the state are used by the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers in the name of the Governor.
What is the difference between a unicameral and bicameral legislature?
Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures are two types of legislatures. The main difference between unicameral and bicameral legislature is that unicameral legislature consists of only one house whereas bicameral legislature consists of two chambers or houses, i.e., Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are have bicameral legislatures.
When, where and in whose leadership does the Rajasthan assembly meeting takes place?
Rajasthan Assembly meeting takes place at least three times in a year. These meetings are held in the assembly hall situated in Rajasthan’s capital, Jaipur. The President of the Assembly conducts the proceedings of the Assembly.
What is the financial work of the assembly?
The state’s financial or money related matters are governed by the assembly. Only after the approval by the assembly, the budget presented by the government can be used to receive taxes from the public and spend them.
The assembly can participate in which election duty?
Members of the Legislative Assembly, i.e. the legislator is also a member of the electoral college. They participate in the election of the president and the members of the Rajya Sabha. They also elect the President and Vice-President of the House.
What type of disputes can the High Court address?
High Court can address the following disputes :
- Disputes among the citizens
- Dispute between government and the citizen
- Appeal against decisions of subordinate courts.
What do you know about the judiciary?
The judiciary is the third important organ of the government. Current courts at different levels of the country are collectively called the Judiciary system. Judiciary is an independent organization from the legislature and executive. The Supreme Court of the Indian Judiciary is located in New Delhi. It controls the highest courts of the states. The highest court in the state is the High Court. The High Court regulates the state’s judicial matters. There are district and sessions courts under it. Rajasthan’s High Court is located in Jodhpur.
What Is the difference between political executive and permanent executive?
Political executive is the body of elected people for the period set by the public. These are political people who take important policy decisions to run the government. The permanent executive consists of people who are not elected by the public, but the government nominates them for a long time such as the secretary and other administrative officers. These public servants work under the control of the political executive and are responsible for implementing the decisions taken by the political executive.
How does the assembly control the government?
The Assembly holds full control over the executive on behalf of the people of the state. The executive body is accountable to the Legislative Assembly. There is a debate on public affairs and government policies in the assembly. In the Assembly meetings, the legislators ask questions about the affairs of the government from the ministerial council and they can ask for information.
During the meeting, they can demand a statement on any issue from the government at any time by “stop work” proposal. The assembly can also bring a “No confidence” motion against the executive. The government can work only till it enjoys the confidence of the majority of the Assembly. On passing the “no confidence motion” against the government in the Assembly, the entire Council of Ministers has to resign.
How is the Legislative council formed? What are its powers?
The Legislative council is the second house of the State Legislature. This is a permanent house which can never be dissolved. The tenure of its member is of 6 years. One third of their members retire and new ones are elected every 2 years. The number of members of the Legislative Council is at least 40.
These members are graduate representatives of local self-government units, educational institutes and universities. The legislative council can propose amendments on the general bill. It can also delay the approval process. It does not have the jurisdiction of submitting the money bill. It can control the members of the Council of Ministers by debates and questions.
The assembly is divided into how many constituencies?
For the formation of Rajasthan assembly, the entire state has been divided into 200 constituencies. These areas are called
Assembly constituencies. From each constituency, voters of that area choose their legislator. Out of these, 34 are reserved for Scheduled Castes and 25 for Scheduled Tribes. The person of these classes can contest the election from reserved constituency.
Who are MLAs and what are the qualifications to become an MLA?
The voters of each assembly constituency choose their representative through their vote. These elected representatives are known as legislators (MLAs). In Rajasthan assembly, 200 MLAs are determined. To become an MLA it is necessary that a person must be a citizen of India, he must have attained the age of 25 years and should not hold any post of profit in the union and state, be mentally healthy and not insolvent.
(E) Long Answer Type Question
How has the Constitution distributed the powers of the government? Explain.
There is a three-level government in India :
- local body
- state government and
- central government.
Every government has to make laws, recover taxes and establish their own area of administration. The Constitution has divided the powers and functions of the government into three lists clearly between the central government and state government. These lists are – Union list, State List and Concurrent list:
The Union list contains 97 subjects of national and international importance such as defense, external affairs, banking, communications, railways and currency. The power to make laws on these subjects has been given only to the Central Government.
The State list contains 66 topics of local importance like police, local trade/business and commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The power to make laws on these subjects has been given only to the State government.
The third list is Concurrent list. This list includes education, forest, labour union, marriage, etc. 47 subjects on which both the central and state governments can make laws. But the law of the Center has been given precedence.
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