RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Elections and Pool Management in Democracy are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Elections and Pool Management in Democracy.
|Chapter Name||Elections and Pool Management in Democracy|
|Number of Questions Solved||48|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Elections and Pool Management in Democracy
Exercise from textbook
Fill in the Blanks
(1) The chief (main) administrator of India is the ………..
(2) The appointment of presiding officer is done by …………
(3) The process of Parliamentary General election is conducted by ………….
(4) India’s election commission has ……….. members.
(5) Voting lists are prepared by ………….
(6) The minimum age of voting is ……..years.
1. Prime Minister
2. District Election Officer
3. Election Commission of India
5. Electoral Registry officer
Under what circumstances can the President invoke his powers?
The President can use his rights in the following circumstances :
(i) In case there is no clear majority of any party in the Lok Sabha or due to sudden death of Prime Minister and there is no clear successor, then the President can appoint the Prime Minister as per his wisdom.
(ii) When none gets confidence motion in Parliament, then cabinet can be dissolved.
(iii) If the cabinet loses majority in Parliament, it can be dissolved.
Write a short note on Election Management in Rajasthan.
For the elections to Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Lagislative Assembly election, Rajasthan’s election department works as an unit of Election Commission of India. Rajasthan’s Chief Election Officer is authorised to superwise election works in Rajasthan. In order to manage the elections in the district state election commission appoints Districts Collector as District Election Officer. For the preparation of voter’s list and voters’ identity cards etc., sub-division officer is appointed electoral Registration Officer at sub-division level and Tehsildar as assistant electoral registration officer.
From the time of announcement of election till the completion of the elections, magistrates, sector magistrates and zonal magistrates are appointed. These appointed officers manage to ensure law and order, fair and peaceful conduct of elections, security and sefety to the every electorate to use his or her power to cast vote in a healthy atmosphere. In addition to these duties, they also address to the complaints received from election centres.
Write two main duties of second election officer during parliamentary general election.
During Parliamentary General Election, the following are the two main obligations of the second election officer :
- He issues electionship after obtaining signature/thumb impression of an electorate in electorate Register.
- He also puts indelible ink spot on the edge of fore-finger of the left hand.
Describe merits and demerits of parliamentary system.
- Merits in this administrative system, executive is a part of legislative and both are independent in their respective domains
- In this administrative system, responsibility is on government structure
- There are representations of all the sections of the country
- In this system, government cannot be tyrannical.
- In this administrative system, there is a sense of instablity in the event of coalition government
- In this system, the government cannot implement long form policies in the wake of its duration being uncertain
- In the light of full majority in Parliament, a fear of the cabinet being tyrannical looms
- This administrative system is against the principle of power- division.
Mention the duties of sector-magistrate during elections.
In elections, a sector magistrate has the following main duties:
- He is to visit the area of his control before the conduct of election to ensure that all the possible barricades and bottle necks are removed and as such, a peaceful and fair election is conducted
- He arranges and conducts a mock-test in the presence of poling agent on the election day.
- He also occasionally visits election centres to get to know of the percentage of election or votes cast
- He also resolves complaints received from election centres.
Write in short Constitution of election team and its functions.
When Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha elections are being conducted seperately, we generally have one presiding officer and three election officers. The presiding officer with the , help of election officers ensures the completion of election process at election centres.
First Polling officer : He is in-charge of the marked voting lists and also responsible for the verification of the electorate.
Second Polling Officer : He obtains the signature/thumb impression of electorate in the electorate register and issues electorate slip and also puts/marks indelible ink on the edge of the nail of the fore finger of left hand.
Third Polling Officer : He is incharge of control unit of EVM. He permits the electorate to get into voting enclosure in accordance with electorate slips issued by the second election officer.
Write a brief note on the following:
1. District Election Officer
2. Zonal Magistrate
1. District Election Officer : District Election Officer works under the operation, direction and control of chief election officer of the state. In general, Election commission appoints the District Collector as District Election officer.
2. Zonal Magistrate : One Zonal Mgistrate is appointed for a zone which includes 10 voting centres. Since the time of the declaration of election to the completion of election process, all zone-related managements fall under the responsibility of the Zonel Magistrate. He also resolves complaints relating to conveniences at voting centres, any apprehensive factors to disturb election process, mock poll, EVM or vote boxes and also their transportation at polling centres. .
Activities from textbook
Find out the knowledge of both the houses of the Parliament from your teacher.
We have two houses in our parliament:
- Lok Sabha
- Rajya Sabha
(i) Lok Sabha : It is the first or lower house of the Indian Parliament. Its members are directly elected by the people. At present, total strength of Lok Sabha is 545. Out of these, 543 are elected and 2 are nominated. The time duration of this house is 5 years. On the advice of the Prime Minister, this can be dissolved before the time.
(ii) Rajya Sabha : It is the second or upper house of Indian Parliament. At present, the strength of its members is 245 out of these, 12 are nominated by the President. It is a permanent house and can never be dissolved. The duration of its members is 6 years. Its one-third members get retired after every two years.
Mention the list of necessary documents for identification of elections. ,
The list of necessary papers for identification of election is :
- Electoral’s Identity Card
- Aadhar Card.
- PAN Card
- Ration Card with photo.
- Bhamashah Card
- Driving Licence
- Any identity card with photo issued by the employer.
Mention the names of Present Chief Election Commissioner and election commissioners of India.
Mr. Om Prakash Rawat is the present Chief Election Commissioner and election commissioners are :
- Ashok Lavasa
- Sunil Arora.
Mention the name of present Chief Election officer and state election
commissioner of Rajasthan.
Rajasthan’s present Election officer is Ashwani Bhagat and state chief commissioner’s name is Prem Singh.
Other important questions
(A) Objective Type Questions
The first citizen of India is :
(a) The President
(b) Prime Minister
(d) Chairman of Lok Sabha
The leader of party having majority in Lok Sabha is :
(b) Education Minister
(c) The Prime Minister
(d) Chief Minister
In which of the following countries, presidential government system is adopted.
(a) Bharat (India)
(d) United States of America (USA)
Total duration of Lok Sabha of India is:
(a) 2 years
(b) 5 years
(c) 6 years
(d) 10 years
The In-charge of EVM control unit in election is:
(a) Presiding Officer
(b) Second Polling Officer
(c) Third Polling Officer
(d) None of these
In general, who is nominated as District Election Officer by the Election Commission ?
(a) District Collector
(b) Election Registration Officer
(c) Area Magistrate
(d) Zonal Magistrate
(B) Fill in the Blanks
India is a …….. country.
In United States of America (USA), ………. Administrative system is adopted.
State Election commission in Rajasthan was established in ………
………. is an important right in democracy.
In general, election commission appoints ………. as District Election Officer.
3. July, 1994,
4. Voting right
5. District Collector.
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
How is the President of India elected?
The President is indirectly elected by means of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of the Parliament of India and the Legislative Assemblies of the states on the principle of Proportional transferable single voting system.
Who represents the entire nation?
At whose advice, the President can use his working rights?
On the advice of the Prime Minister and the cabinet.
In which administrative system, a minister is responsible to the Parliament of his works?
In Parliamentary administrative system.
Mention a characteristic of Parliamentary system.
Answerability in parliamentary system is the constitution of the government.
What system of governance is adopted in USA?
Presidential system of administration.
What is the basis of presidential system of governance?
It is based on the pricniple of Division/Separation of Powers.
In our country, for how many Lok Sabha seats, the people directly elect their representatives by exercising their franchise ?
For 543 Lok Sabha (Lower House) seats.
What is the duration of Lok Sabha ?
E.V.M. stands for ?
Electronic Voting Machine.
Election campaigning is stopped how many hours before the start of voting ?
Before 48 hours.
In an election team how many other election officers are there except the presiding officer ?
Who is responsible for identification of an electorate ?
First Polling Officer.
Which polling officer is responsible for putting indelible ink ?
Second Polling Officer.
What the third Polling officer is responsible for ?
The third polling officer is in-charge of E.VM. control unit.
Who executes the voting process for the elections to parliamentary seats ?
The Election Commission of India.
Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India ?
President of the country.
Who is responsible to conduct elections to local self-governed bodies/institutions ?
State Election Commission.
In Rajasthan, who is authorised to supervise the election works ?
Chief election officer of Rajasthan.
(D) Short Answer Type Questions
Describe features of Presidential system of governance ?
The main features of Presidential system of government are as follows :
- In this system of government, the people directly elect the President
- The President is the head of both-states and government-in this system
- President operates his administration with the help of the cabinet
- In this, system the principle of separation of power is adopted.
Who appoints Presiding officer ? What are the attached duties ?
Presiding officer is appointed by the District Election officer. He arranges to accomplish voting works at different voting centres with the help of election (voting) officers.
Write down two main duties of the third polling officer in parliamentary general election.
Answer: In the parliamentary general election, the two main functions of third polling officer are as follows :
- He grants permission to electorate to vote in the polling enclosure in accordance with the voiting slip issued by the second polling officer.
- This officer also ensures that the indelible ink mark is safe on the finger of an electorate.
Give a brief note on Election commission of India.
Election Commission of India : The Election commission of India is three-member corporation wherein there is one chief election commission and there are two election commissioners. Their appointments are made by the President of our country. This commission is responsible for conducting election of the President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha elections and also states legislative elections (Legislative Assembly).
State in brief moral code of conduct.
Moral Code of Conduct: At the time of elections, Election Commission issues some rules and directives. All political parties and candidates are expected to follow these directive. This set of rules and directions is called ‘moral code of conduct. The following facts are included under this :
- Don’t inflict any hurt to the spirit of religion, community and caste
- No personal criticism
- No election campaign or related activities within the cirumferane of 150 meters from the polling centre
- No procession or congregation without permission of the administration
- Ruling party should not misuse any government machinery for the sake of it in elections
- Not to seek any prop at religious places during election compaign.
Describe the duties of area magistrate in elections.
Duties of Area Magistrate : In elections, the District Magistrate appoints area magistrate. He is responsible to maintain law and order in his designated area from the date of his appointment to the next day to the completion of the voting process. He visits the sites frequently on the day of voting. Besides maintaining law and order at the polling centres/stations, he also ensures availability of basic amenities, resolution to any doubts in respect of election process, being raised by voting parties, provisioning of additional mandatory voting staff. He also works as a friend and patron to the voting groups or parties.
(E) Long Answer Type Question
Describe in detail the process of Parliamentary General Election in India.
The process of Parliamentary General Election is conducted by the election commission of India. Its description is being presented with the help of the following points:
(i) Time of Election : Time duration of Lok Sabha is 5 years. In case, the government loses its majority in Lok Sabha and there is no alternative of government formation, then the President can disolve the Lok Sabha even before the completion of its full term.
(ii) Election schedule or program : After the issuance of ordinance of election, a candidate submits his nomination from the respective elected constituency of Election, After last date of nomination is over, the concerned Election officer undertakes the work of scrutiny of the nomination papers and then issue the list of eligible condidates besides printing of ballot. On ballot, the names of condidates and party symbols are printed.
The candidates of the registered parties are alloted their respective party symbol. The candidates fighting elections are given two-week time for election compaigning before the conduct of election. The election campaign has to be stopped 48 hrs before the commencement of voting process. Voting is conducted in many phases. In the event of EVMs (Electronic Voting Machines) are used for voting purpose, one presiding officer and three additional voting (polling) officers are put on duty.
Duties of polling officers at polling centres and Voting Process :
Process : In order to ensur the hassle-free and smooth voting process at the polling centres, the District Election Officer appoints one presiding officer and other polling officers. First polling officer is the incharge of the marked copy of electorate list and also
responsible for identification of the electorate (voters).
Second polling officer is the in-charge of indelible ink. He receives signature of voters in the voters’ register or gets thumb impression; and then issues voter slip and puts a mark of indelible ink on the nail or tip of left hand forefinger. The third polling officer is the in-charge of EVM control unit. He allows a voter in accordance with the voter slips issued by the second polling officer to cast their franchise in polling enclosure.
A voter either presses a button of EVM machine or puts the stamp on ballot in support of his choiced candidate. In case, the voting is being conducted through ballot, then the unmarked ballob is folded and then dropped to the ballot box. In this way the voting process for parliamentary General Election stands complete.
We hope the given RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Elections and Pool Management in Democracy will help you. If you have any query regarding Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 15 Elections and Pool Management in Democracy, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.