RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 23 Folk Culture are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 23 Folk Culture.
|Chapter Name||Folk Culture|
|Number of Questions Solved||37|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 23 Folk Culture
Exercise From Textbook
Match Part ‘A’ with Part ‘B’.
|Part A||Part B|
|(a) Jeen mata||1. Banswada|
|(b) kalia devi||2. Jaipur|
|(c) Tripura Sundari||3. Karauli|
|(d) Jamvai Mata||4. Bikaner|
|(e) Kami Mata||5. Sikar|
What is the meaning of the word ‘Tartai’?
Tartai is the abbreviation of Tritayi which means including Tritav (three).
Which dance is performed in the temple of Kalla Devi?
Languriva dance is performed in the temple of Kaila Devi.
With which material the instrument Shehnai is prepared?
It is prepared by Chillam shaped instrument made of Sheesham or Sangwan wood.
Classify the popular folk musical instruments of Rajasthan.
Classification of Musical Instruments in Rajasthan
Which are the conserving constitutions of folk culture in Rajasthan?
Classification of Musical Instruments in Rajasthan
Enumerate Shakti peeths of Rajasthan.
Famous Shakti peeths of Rajasthan are as follows :
1. Kaila Devi : This famous sacred place of Rajasthan is located 2.5 kilometers from Karauli. Kaila Devi is considered an incarnation of Maha Lakshmi. ICaila Devi is the ancestral deity of the royal family of Yaduvanshi. There are talk tales about the charisma of the goddess even today
2. Kami Mata : Temple is situated in Bikaner. In this temple thousands of rats roam around without any fear. These rats are known as ‘Kaba’ by local people. There are a lot of talk tales about the charismas of Karnimata.
3. Jamvay Mata : This temple is located in Jaipur. Jumvay Mata’s ancient name is Jaamvati. There is an ancient faith that the mountain named Jambhu Shail on which the temple of Jamvey Mata is located, on its visit and circum ambulation fulfils people’s wishes and brings good luck.
4. Jeen Mata : The major sacred place is located in Sikar. Jeen Mata is considered the incarnation of goddees Durga and her real and full name is Jayantimala. Jeen Mata is an eight armed gooddess. Jeen is also considered the eight armed ‘Mahisasur Mardini’.
5. Tripura Sundari : This sacred place is located in Banswada. In Rajasthan’s Banswada-Durgapur region, this goddess pilgrim is known as Tartai goddees. Tartai is the abbreviation of Tritayi which means including Tritev (three).
Describe prominent musical instruments of Rajasthan.
Prominent musical instruments of Rajasthan are as follows :
1. Ektaara : This is played only with one a hand. This was the favourite instrument of Meerabai. She used to play it.
2. Bhapang : This is popular especially among Mav people in Alwar.
3. Sarangi : Sarangi is made with the wood of saagwan, kair and rohida. There are various types of sarangis in Rajasthan. Just like sarangi, Kamayacha, Surinda and Chikara are instruments.
4. Taandoora : Due to having four strings in it, it is also known as Chautaara at many places. This is made totally of wood.
5. Jantar : This instrument is like Veena. The instrument plays it while in standing position only. This is made up of wood.
6. Ravanhatha : This is played with sticks like violin on which some tinkles are attached at the one end. Tinkles also make sounds with the strinking of hand.
7. Algoja : It is a whiff instrument. It is like flut. Instrumentalists keep two algojas in mouth and flutes them together.
8. Shahnai : This is played at the auspicious ceremony of weddings. It produces sweet sound of whiffing.
9. Pungi : This is main instrument of ICalbelis. It is played like Algoja onlv.
10. Nagada : A nagadi along with small nagada is there. This is played along with Shehnai in folk plays.
11. Dhol : Dhol has prominent place in Rajasthan musical instruments. Instrumentalists put it around their neck and beat it with wooden sticks.
12. Mandal : It is dholak shaped. Deer or Goat skin is mounted on it. This is main instrument of Bheels and Garasia.
Enumerate prominent folk dances of Rajasthan.
Prominent folk dances of Rajasthan are as follows :
1. Fire Dance : This dance is performed in the night and dancers cross the pile of ambers many times. Dancers play with fire as they are playing with flowers, not with fire.
2. Bamarsia Dance : A large Nagada is used in this dance. Holi song and Rasia are also sung along with dance.
3. Ghoomer Dance : This is popular dance of whole Rajasthan. This dance is performed on cuspicious occassions and festivals.
4. Terahtali Dance : This is a dance of Kamar. This dance is performed in the silting posture. In this dance women take part.
5. Bhawai Dance : This dance is famous for its charisma. Unique dance form, wonderful physical traits and variety of movments are major characteristics of it. Dancing fast with seven to eight pots on head, lifting the hand-kerchief put on flower with mouth, dancing on glasses, dancing on the edges of plateau, etc. make this dance adventurous.
6. Gavri Dance : This dance is performed for the worship of Maa ‘Garajyas’. This dance is performed by men only and female characters are also played by males.
7. Kalbeliya Dance : Currently this dance has been enlisted by UNESCO. This is famous dance of Sapera caste in Rajasthan.
8. Gair Dance : During the festival of Holi, this dance form is performed everywhere.
9. Geendar Dance : This is popular dance form of Shaikawati. Different roles are played, like, sadhu, hunter, seth-sethani, bride-bridegroom etc. are worth mentioning.
10. Chang Dance : Chang dance is for men. Every man has a Chang and he dances in a circle blowing chang.
11. Dandiya Dance : It is a popular dance of Marwar. In this dance, a group of men dances with long sticks in their hands.
12. Dhol Dance : This is famous dance of Jalore which is done by men. Four or five dhol are beaten together in it. Dhol dance is generally performed on wedding ceremony.
Activities From Text book
Collect pictures, sayings and tales related to the other important sacred places of Rajasthan.
Other important sacred places of Rajasthan are :
1. Sundha Mata of Jalore:
The temple is located over Aravali Hills at a height of 12220 m at Sundha Hillop.
It is nearly 900 year old temple of mother goddess chamunda. It is said that at the hilltop of Sundha the head of Chamunda goddess fell down because of this it is popular as Ashtasewari.
2. Jawala Mata Mandir :
It is located at 45 km from Jaipur west, an ancient town of Dudand Aanchal in Jobner. It is said that in Jobner hlltop the knee of Goddess Sati fell down. It is how known as Jawala Devi temple.
3. Manidevika : It is located in Pushkar. This temple is also known as Gavatri. It is said that here the wrist of Goddess Sati fell down.
Which musical instruments are popular your region. Collect their pictures and imformation related with these.
Musical Instruments popular in our area are :
1. Nagada : It is made up of the skin of the buffalo. It is plaved by sticks of wood.
2. Manjira : It is a round shape instrument made up of bronze. It is used in the Bhajan-IGrtan of god/goddess.
3. Pungi : It is said that it is played when someone is bitten by snake.
Collect the Information about the folk dances of your region and the folk songs sung with these dances along with the pictures.
In our area chang dance is very popular. This dance is generally done on the occasion of Holi. Therefore, at the time of dancing, the songs played for this is related to Holi only. Note : Student can write any dance popular in their area.
Enlist popular tales, popular beliefs and oral history related to the folk deities of Rajasthan.
Take help from your elders in family or you can take help from your subject concerned teacher.
Present folk danses of Rajasthan in cultural programmes of school.
Collect the pictures of folk gods of Rajasthan.
Visit and museum along with your teacher to see folk Instruments.
Other Important Questions
(A) Multiple Choice Questions
Temple of Hanuman Ji situated in front of Kaila Devi temple is known by local people as:
Ancient name of Jamvay Mata is known as:
Who is known as Mahisasurmardini also?
(a) Jeen Mata
(b) Maa Tripuri Sundari
(c) Kaila Devi
(d) Jamvay Mata
(a) Jeen Mata
Meerabai loved to play:
In general, dance performed at the time of marriage is :
(a) Fire Dance
(b) Dandia Dance
(c) Dhol Dance
(d) Chang Dance
(c) Dhol Dance
(B) Fill in the Blanks
Around …………. km from Bikaner in Deshnoak is located the temple of Kami Mata.
Tripura Sundari Mata is known as ………… in Rajasthani Banswada-Durgapur region.
…………is similar to taanpura.
……… is performed by men only.
2. Tartai Mata
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
Kaila Devi is considered as the incarnation of which goddess?
Kaila Devi is considered as the incarnation of goddess Mahalakshmi.
Who built the temple of Jamvay Mata?
Ruler of Kachwala Dulah Rai built the temple of Jamvay Mata.
Which society worships Tripura Sundari as their ancestral deity?
Punchal society worships Tripura Sundari as their ancestral deity.
Geender Dance is the popular dance of which region.of Rajasthan?
This is the popular dance of Shaikhawati region of Rajasthan.
Dhol Dance is the popular dance of which region?
This is the popular dance of Jalor.
(D) Short Answer Type Question
What is mentioned about the construction of Jamvay Mata temple in ancient scripts?
In some ancient scripts it is mentioned that the ruler of Kachwaha Dulah Rai when defeated by his enemies turned up to the goddess Jamvay and on being impressed goddess appeared to him. With goddess’s blessing Dulah Rai attacked the enemy once again and came out victorious. After the victory Dulaha Rai built a temple of Jamvay Mata which is still present.
(E) Long Answer Type Question
What is mentioned about Tripura Sundari in ancient scripts? Discuss in brief.
Maa Tripura Sundari’s temple is located around 19 kilometers from Banswara. In the present temple’s Garbhgriha, there is a grand idol made of black stone of Maa Tripura with eight arms. Maa Tripura Sundari is also known as Tartai Mata. In the ‘Shakt Granthas’ Sri Maa Tripura Sundari is called the seed of the world and the mirror of the Paramshiva.
According to Kalika Puran, as the goddess is the wife of Tripur Shiva that is why She is named as Tripura. Once when due to the cruelty of Bhandsur the world came to an end, then at the request of the gods, the Bhagwati emerged as the Aadhya Shakti Tripura Sundari. Along with various demonic powers, and the Bhand Detya Bhagwati goddess had a war and Tripure Shwari devoured him.
Panchal society worships Maa Tripura as their ancestral deity.
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