RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2 are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2.
|Chapter Name||Human Life in Different Surroundings-2|
|Number of Questions Solved||35|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 7 Human Life in Different Surroundings-2
Exercise from text book
Choose the correct answer.
(1) The word ‘Khadar’ is related to :
(2) Which is among the following not a part of western coastal plain?
(c) Kanad Coast
(d) Malabar Coast
Fill In the Blanks
(1) Vembanad is a famous ……..
(2) ………… tress are popular in Malabar coast.
(3) ………. soil is found in the Ganga-Yamuna plain.
(4) The plains formed by river are called ………..
Which is the main occupation of people in coastal plains?
The main occupations of people in coastal plains are as follows:
- Agriculture is the main occupation; almost half of the total population in this region is engaged in farming.
- Most of the people in this region work in tea, coffee and rubber plantations.
- Because of living in close vicinity of the sea, most of the population is engaged in fishing occupation.
- Apart from the above, some people are also engaged in industries, transportation, etc.
Why agriculture is more practiced in plains? Write the names of main crops of the region.
The geographical conditions of this region are favourable for agriculture, therefore agriculture is a primary activity of this region. The flat lands of fertile alluvial soil, availability of irrigation facilities, plentiful groundwater, sufficient availability of labour, availability of composite fertilizer and land cultivation from animals and easy transportation facilities are factors which promote agriculture.
Rice, maize, black-gram, millet and sugar-cane are grown during rainy season, and Wheat, Mustard, Barseem (also called egyptian clover) are grown during winter seasons. Sugarcane is used for producing sugar and molasses.
What is the difference between Khadar and Bangar?
The fields of new alluvial soil spread by rivers in the northern plains of India are known as Khadar, while on the same land the fields created by spreading of old alluvial soil by rivers are called Bangar.
Write the nickname of eastern and western coastal plains.
The eastern and western coastal plains of Indian peninsula is classified into following:
(a) Western Coastal Plain :
- Kathiawar Coast
- Konkan Coast
- Kannad Coast
- Malabar Coast.
(b) Eastern Coastal Plain :
- Northern Circar Coast
- Coromandal Coast.
Explain the main geographical conditions of coastal plains.
In the eastern and western parts of Indian peninsula, coastal plains are found whose geographical conditions can be explained as follows :
Climate : Coastal plains are narrow fertile lands. Humid and even climate prevails due to its close proximity to sea. Very little fluctuation is found in temperature and annual rainfall is between 250 cm to 400 cm.
Vegetation : The one-third area of coastal plains is densely forested. Evergreen forests are found due to high temperature and heavy rainfall. Main tree is coconut tree apart from it Sagwan, Sal rubber and Rosewood trees are also found.
Minerals : The minerals found in coastal plains are namely Monajyte, Gircan and Thorium, China clay, Limestone, Gamete and Graphite are found in the inner parts. Due to fast flow of rivers in this region, dams are constructed for electricity production and irrigation.
Which industries are developed in Ganga-Yamuna plain?
Ganga and Yamuna plains are flat lands where good facilities of transportation are available. Since it is a densely populated region therefore all kinds of craftsmen and labour are easily available. Hence industries have sufficiently developed in this region.
Small, medium and large industries have developed in this region. Woollen and khadi clothes, sugar production, glass, carpet production, leather products, plastic and chemical production and sports goods production industries have developed. The main industrial centres are Kanpur, Agra, Aligarh, Meerut, Moradabad, Firozabad and Saharanpur, etc.
Activities from textbook
Let us do (Page 59)
Why plains are the most favourable region for human habitats? List the reason and discuss.
Plains are flat regions which provide many favourable conditions for human settlements. Some of these conditions are :
(1) These are flat regions which are formed by the fertile soil brought by rivers.
(2) Fertile soil has resulted in plentiful growth of agriculture and due to the availability of irrigation it is possible to grow a number of crops in a year.
(3) Many valuable plants and trees and various kinds of grass are found in this region due to which animal husbandry occupation has also developed.
(4) It is also a developed region in terms of industries. Big cities are found where many industries are in developed state. Agriculture-based industries are important.
(5) Because of flat land transportation is also sufficiently developed.
Let us do (Page 62)
Locate coastal plains on the physical map of India.
Other important questions
(A) Multiple Choice Questions
Which among the following is not a manmade landscape?
(a) Village and towns
(b) Farm and farmlands
(d) Natural Vegetation
(d) Natural Vegetation
Which among the following is the most suitable region for agriculture?
What brings rainfall during winter season in Ganga Yamuna plains?
(a) Monsoon winds
(b) Western cyclones
(c) Conventional Winds
(d) None of these
(b) Western cyclones
The southern coast of western coastal plains is:
(a) Kathiyavar Coast
(b) Malabar Coast
(c) Kannad Coast
(d) Konkan Coast
(b) Malabar Coast
(b) Industrial city
(c) Natural vegetation
(d) Konkan Coast
(B) Fill in the Blanks
1. Poplar is used for making ………….
2. Wealthy people are migrating to cities for …………. and other amenities.
3. Malabar coastal region in the western coast of India extends from ……….. to Kanyakumari in form of narrow strip of land.
4. People living in Malabar coast mostly speak ………. and ………. language.
2. higher education
4. Malayalam, English.
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
With the increase in population why is the size for farms reducing?
Patriarchal system exists in Indian society, therefore after the death of the male head of the family, his property gets divided among his male successors and henceforth the size of farms also get reduced.
Describe in short the natural vegetation of Malabar coast.
Dense evergreen forests are found in this region. Coconut, Sagwan, Cinchona, Sal, Rubber, Eboni and Rosewood, etc. trees are found.
Mention the names of main harbours in Malabar coast.
The main harbours of Malabar coast are as follows :
- Kozhikode or Calicut
How is cultural landscape formed?
By the interaction between humans and nature, cultural landscape is formed.
Where is Ganga-Yamuna plain located?
Ganga-Yamuna plain is located between Himalayas in the north and Indian peninsular plateau in the south.
What is the average annual rainfall in Malabar coast?
Malabar coast receives an average annual rainfall of 250 cm and above.
(D) Short Answer Type Questions
How many types of Landforms are found? Explain.
Landscapes are of two types :
- Natural Landscapes
- Manmade Landscapes Natural landscapes include those landscapes which are made by nature like snow laden mountains, rifts, valley etc. Manmade landscapes are made by man. Humans make changes to natural landscape and create manmade landscapes like villages, dams, ports, factories, etc.
Into how many parts is Ganga- Yamuna plain divided?
Ganga-Yamuna plains are divided into following four parts :
- Bhabar Region : The lower part of Himalayas where stones and gravel are found more is called Bhabar.
- Terai Region : The swampy area found close to Bhabar area is called Terai region.
- Bangar Region : The land of old alluvial soil spread by rivers is called Bangar.
- Khadar Region : The land formed by new , alluvial soil brought by rivers is called Khadar.
The Migration from rural to urban areas is divided into how many categories?
The Migration from villages to cities is divided into two parts :
1. Daily Migration : In search of better livelihood, people do daily migration to cities and return back to their homes in the evening, such kind of migration is called daily migration.
2. Permanent or long-term Migration : In this category people in search of higher education or better amenities do permanent or long-term migration to cities.
What is the main agricultural produce of Malabar Coast.
Almost half of population in Malabar coast is engaged in agricultural activities. The fertile soil alluvial is useful for growing many crops in this region. Farming of spices is important. Black pepper, dove, cardamom, etc. are grown in this region. In plains coconut, betel and cashew nut, etc. are grown. In the semi-mountainous region of Western Ghats, tea, coffee and rubber plantation is done. Therefore, the Malabar coast is rich in agriculture.
(E) Long Answer Type Question
Natural conditions provide us many opportunities for livelihood. Explain.
Human life adapts to various landforms on earth surface and according to the environment. Many landforms like hills, plains, forests, desert and coastal plains are available for human habitat. Humans do mainly farming in the fertile land formed by rivers. Due to unavailability of fertile land and scarcity of water, animal husbandry is the main occupation of people in desert.
The oceans play an important role for people living in coastal plains. Therefore, it enunciates that the sources of livelihood are completely influenced by natural surroundings. This way man interacts with natural environment and creates manmade landscapes.
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