RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 9 Democracy and Equality are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 9 Democracy and Equality.
|Chapter Name||Democracy and Equality|
|Number of Questions Solved||35|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 9 Democracy and Equality
Exercise from text book
Choose the correct option.
(1) Democracy promotes:
(c) Fundamental rights
(2) Right to vote is given to :
(b) Males ‘
(d) All adult citizens
(d) All adult citizens
Match the columns :
|Column A||Column B|
|1.Right to elect one’s representative||(a) Economic democracy|
|2.Freedom of trade and business||(b) Social democracy|
|3.Equality of status .||(c) Political|
What is meant by administration of law?
The rule of law implies that the law is same for everyone. Law does not distinguish between any post or status. The law gives equal importance to the politicians, government officials and ordinary citizens which means law is applicable to all in a similar way. It means rule of land.
What is Universal Adult Franchise?
In a democratic country like India, all citizens who have completed their age of 18 years have the right to vote, that is, to choose the government. All these citizens who have completed 18 years of age, regardless of their religion, their level of education, their caste, economic status gender has equal right to vote. The importance of every vote is also the same. This is known as Universal Adult Franchise. This is an important aspect of Indian democracy.
What is secularism?
Secularism means no religion or creed in India is recognized as a state religion. All the people here live according to their wish. Every citizen has the freedom to follow his/her religion or creed. Government gives equal respect to all religions and sects. Government does not promote any one religion or sect.
How does the Indian Constitution define Right to Equality?
The Indian Constitution has clarified the right to equality as follows :
(i) The government cannot discriminate against any person on the basis of religion, caste, community, gender and birthplace
(ii) Any person cannot be stopped from entering public places such as shops, cinema houses, hotels, etc.
(iii) The people cannot be deprived of the use of public wells, ponds, playgrounds etc.
(iv) Depending on religion, caste, community, sex and place of birth, a citizen cannot be stopped from doing any business and discrimination cannot be done too.
(v) According to the constitution, untouchability is illegal and a punishable offense
(vi) No government or government granted educational institution can stop any citizen from taking admission on the basis of religion
(vii) The government cannot make any law that violates the fundamental right of equality and cannot make decision.
Activities from textbook
Activity (Page 73)
Discuss about the election day with the Booth Level Officer (BLO) of your zone.
After discussions with the booth level officer, it was discovered that all political parties end their promotion 48 hours before the voting day. Voting begins at 8 O’clock in the morning. On the day of election there is a holiday in all the business centers, offices and schools. People stand in line at the polling station and wait for their turn. There are many workers who monitor the system. Every polling station has a cabin or a room which is divided in sections to maintain privacy.
People here cast their vote secretly. Each voter brings his voting ID card with him. The voting officer matches the details of the voters with the voting list and makes them stand in a queue. There is a different queue for the male and the female voters. There is strict monitoring of all polling stations which is very essential for safe and peaceful voting. Before voting the forefinger of all the voters is marked with indelible ink to avoid duplicity of voting. Finally in the evening at 5 o’clock the polling stations are closed.
Activity (Page 74)
Discuss with your teacher as to how the fairs organized in your area promote equality and harmony.
Various fairs are held on different occasions in every village or city. Some fairs are so famous that people come from far away places to see them. Different types of amusement and sports entertain people. Traders from different regions come to sell their products which is one of the main attractions for the people.
It is not possible for us to visit different states and experience their culture and products, these fairs facilitate us to buy special products of different states and get a taste of food from different states. The people of all religions and community participiate with enthusiasm. The taste of food is taken by all people alike and all get entertained equally. The enthusiasm of coming to the fair in all the people is the same. Therefore, it can be said that these fairs are a good way to increase social equality and harmony in the state.
Other important questions
(A) Multiple Choice Questions
Democracy is necessary for establishing equality in
(a) the political field
(b) the economic field
(b) the social field
(d) All the above
(d) All the above
aims to give special opportunities for development of the deprived and backward classes of society.
(c) Economic equality
(d) Social equality
The government gives preference to in its various schemes.
(b) highly educated people
(d) differently abled people
(b) highly educated people
(B) Fill in the Blanks
Equality is the main feature of …………….
Practising untouchability is a ………… offence.
Government is running several programs to eliminate ………. inequality.
Democratic system is based on ……….. equality.
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
Give the meaning of equality.
Equality means keeping in mind the necessity of each person to be respectful and to give opportunity to each individual to work according to his ability.
What is the democratic system based on?
Democratic system is based on political similarity.
How can equality be established in the society?
To establish equality in the society it is necessary that there should be no discrimination on the basis of religion, caste, community, gender and place of birth with any person.
What is the Constitution’s opinion regarding untouchables?
Untouchability is illegal, according to the Constitution. So this is a punishable offense.
Who has the right to vote in India?
All citizens of India who have completed the age of 18 years and they have their names in voter list then have the right to vote and choose their own representative.
Why is there no religion or creed in India supported by the state?
No religion or creed in India is recognized as a state religion, because India is a secular nation.
What is the purpose behind reservation?
The aim behind reservation is to give special opportunity of development to the disadvantaged and backward classes of the society and bring them at par with the mainstream of the society.
Whom does the government give priority in all its schemes?
The Government, in all its schemes, gives priority to women, people of the disadvantaged sections, poor people and differently aDied people.
(D) Short Answer Type Questions
Summarize the various components of democracy.
The following components are in democracy :
- The right to choose representative is called political democracy
- Freedom of trade and business is called economic democracy
- Equality of status and opportunity is known as social democracy. To establish equality in society, democracy should not only be present in the political sphere but also in the economic and social sphere.
What efforts has the Constitution made to establish a social equality?
The Constitution has made various efforts to establish social equality. Such as, no person can be stopped from entering public places such as shops, cinema houses, hotels etc. Nor can the people be deprived of the use * of public wells, ponds, playgrounds, etc. ! Practising untouchability is a punishable offence.
What do you understand by public j interest litigation?
The right to equality in our Constitution , is a fundamental right. The government cannot make any law that violates the fundamental right of equality and cannot i make such a decision. If a citizen, institution or government itself violates this right, then any individual can stop it through the court. Thus, raising the matter of public interest in the court is called Public Interest Litigation.
How can you say that India is a secular nation?
India is a secular nation because no religion or creed in India is recognized as a state religion. All the people here live according to their wish. Every citizen has the J freedom to follow his/her religion or creed. Government gives equal respect to all religions and sects but does not promote any one.
(E) Long Answer Type Question
What do you think of reservations and equality? Explain their importance.
To ensure the similarity of opportunity’, it is necessary to give special opportunity for some persons. The main purpose of reservation is to provide opportunities for growth to the neglected and backward sections of society for their social, economic and political development so that they can be at par with the mainstream of society.
The Government, in all its schemes, gives priority to women, people of the disadvantaged sections, poor people and differentily abled people. Some seats in the country’s parliament and state assemblies have been reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Likewise for the women and other backward classes some posts are reserved in local bodies and in government jobs.
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