RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 Public Administration in Rajasthan are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 Public Administration in Rajasthan.
|Chapter Name||Public Administration in Rajasthan|
|Number of Questions Solved||55|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 5 Public Administration in Rajasthan
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
Prior to integration (unification) of Rajasthan there were
When is the Rajasthan Day celebrated every year?
(a) March 5
(b) March, 20
(c) March 30
(d) March, 15
Unification of Rajasthan was completed in
(a) Seven stages
(b) Five stages
(c) Three stages
(d) Four stages
The strength of the present Vidhan Sabha of Rajasthan is
Governor is appointed by the
(a) Prime minister
(c) Chief Minister
(d) Chief Justice
Chief Minister is appointed by the
(b) Chief Justice
(c) Prime Minister
Normally, the term of governor is
(a) 10 years
(b) 6 years
(c) 3 years
(d) 5 years
Total Number of divisions in Rajasthan is
(c) Thirty three
The highest officer under the Chief Minister is
(a) Chief Secretary
(b) District Collector
(c) Superintendent of Police
(d) Divisional Commissioner
The highest district officer is
(a) Divisional Commissioner
(b) Tehsildar Divisional
(c) Sub-Divisional Officer
(d) District Collector
Duration of the local administrative bodies is
(a) 5 years
(b) 6 years
(c) 4 years
(d) 10 years
Minimum age to be the member of the Panchayati Raj Institutions is
(a) 30 years
(b) 35 years
(c) 21 years
(d) 25 years
Very Short Answer Type Questions
When did the first stage of unification of Rajasthan start?
The first stage of unification of Rajasthan is dated 17th March 1948.
Who was vested with the responsibility for the integration of the Indian State?
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was vested with the task of integrating the Indian states.
During which stage of integration was the state named Rajasthan?
Rajasthan name was given to the state during 6th stage of unification.
What are the other names commonly used for Vidhayika?
Vidhayika is also known as Legislature or Vidhan Mandai.
What is Legislature?
Legislature is an organ of the government, which enacts laws for administering the state.
How many organs does the government have?
Government has three organs:
What type of Executive is the governor?
Governor is the nominal executive.
What is Executive?
Executive is one of the organs of the government, which gets, executed laws passed by the Legislature.
Which is the real executive?
Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister is known as the real executive.
It exercises the real administrative powers.
Who appoints the Chief Secretary?
Chief Secretary is appointed by the Chief Minister of the state.
What is the highest officer of the Police administration in the state known as?
The highest ranking police officer in the state is know as Director General (DGP).
To which services do the police Dy. Superintendent belong?
Dy. Superintendent of police belongs to State Police Services.
Name the tri-patrite levels of the Indian administration?
Tri-patrite levels of the Indian administration are:
- Central level
- State level
- Local level
How many types of urban local self-administration bodies are there in the state? Name them.
There are three types of urban local self administration bodies and they are:
- City corporation
- City council
Which are the three levels of the Panchayati raj^in Rajasthan known as?
Three levels of the Panchayati raj in Rajasthan are known as:
- Zila Parishad at district level.
- Panchayat Samiti at Block level.
- Gram Panchayat at Village level.
What is the- head of the Gram Panchayat in the state known as?
Head of the Gram Panchayat in the state is known as Sarpanch.
Short Answer Type Questions
Clarify the first stage of integration of Rajasthan?
First stage of Integration of Rajasthan:
Formation of the Matsay Sangh (union): On 17th March, 1948 the four princely states i.e. Alwar, Bharatpur, Dhaulpur and Karauli were merged to form a union, known as the Matsay Sangh. It was named Matsay Sangh on the suggestions of K.M. Munshi. Maharaja of Dhaulpur was appointed its Raj Pramukh.
Explain the process of Integration of Rajasthan.
Process of Integration of Rajasthan:
1st stage: On 17th March, 1948, the princely states of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dhaulpur and Karauli were merged to form the Matsay union.
2nd stage: On March 25, 1948. Nine princely states of Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kota, Kishangarh, Pratapgarh, Shahpura and Tonk were merged to form Samyukta Rajasthan, with Kota as its capital.
3rd stage: On April 18, 1948 Udaipur state was merged with the ex-Rajasthan and it was named Samyukta (United) Rajasthan, with Udaipur as its capital and Maharaja of Udaipur as its Raj Pramukh.
4th stage: On 30th March, 1949 Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer were merged with the Samyukta Rajasthan to form Greater Rajasthan, with Jaipur as its Capital As such 30th March is celebrated every year as the Rajasthan Diwas (Day).
5th stage: On 15th May the Samyukta (United) Greater Rajasthan was formed after the process of merger of Greater Rajasthan and Matsay union was completed. This merger was based on the recommendations of Shankar Dev Samiti.
6th stage: On 26th January, 1995 Sirohi state was joined with the Samyukta Greater Rajasthan and the state was named as Rajasthan.
7th stage: On 15t Nov, 1956 the State Reorganisation Act was enforced. Under this Act Sinroz of Kota district was given to Madhya Bharat (M.P) and Ajmer- Merwara, Abu Tehsil, Sunel Tappa part of Bhanpur Tehsil in Mandsaur district of Madhya Bharat were merged with Rajasthan. Thus, the state of Rajasthan came into existence. Jaipur was made its capital.
Which are the main powers of Governor?
Powers of the Governor are:
- To appoint Chief Minister and on his advice, to form the council of ministers and to make administrative appointments.
- To Summon, adjourn and dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
- To exercise financial, legislative and granting of pardon powers.
Write the process of appointment of Chief Minister?
Appointment of Chief Minister:
There is no specific qualification given in the constitution for the appointment of Chief Minister. Rajasthan Govenor delivers an oath of office to the leader of the majority party in the Legislative Assembly. He is the member of the house. In case he is not the member of the Legislative Assembly, he has to get elected within a period of six months. If none of the parties has a clear majority in the Legislative Assembly governor exercises his discretionary power.
Write the functions of the Chief Minister?
Functions of the Chief Minister
- He forms his council of Ministers.
- He distributes portfolios among the members of council of ministers and presides over the meetings of the cabinet.
- He informs the Governor of the decisions of the council of ministers regarding state administration.
- He supervises all the ministerial departments and coordinates their activities.
- He proclaims in the Legislative assembly administrative policies, and gets support of the house for them.
- He gives leadership to the house and the government.
- If the governor asks for any information regarding administration of the state and any legislation, he makes it available.
Write about general administration of the state?
General Administration of the state:
For the general administration the state has been divided into 7 divisions and 33 districts, and below them are sub-divisions and Tehsils. In the whole of this system there is Chief secretary at the highest level, under the Chief Minister. He is from Indian Administrative Services. He is appointed by the Chief Minister. The Chief Secretary also acts as the Cabinet secretary. His main duty is to advise Chief-Minister and Cabinet on the administrative matters.
There are different departments to run the state administration and each department is under the minister who is assisted by the secretary for administration. He gives necessary aid and advice to the ministers in the policy formation. These policies are implemented by different departments through the respective Directorates each of which is headed by Director General/Director.
Write about the Police administration in hierarchical order from top to bottom?
Police Administration from top to bottom be put as-
- Director General of Police (D.G.P) — At Police Head quarter.
- Inspector General of Police (I.G) — At Range level
- Superintendent of Police (S.P) — At District level
- Circle officer (CO) — At circle level.
- Police Inspector/Dy Inspector — At Thana level.
- Head Constable and constables.
What does Local Self-administration mean?
Local Self Administration:
It means formation of local bodies for administration at the local level with the participation of the local public solution to the development of the local area are found by the people through their political participation. The local representatives of the people at different levels i.e. rural and urban seek solution to the local problems of their respective area.
What are the main features of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act?
Main Features of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act are:
- Constitutional Status:
By adding part IX and article 16, the Panchayati Raj has been granted the constitutional status by vesting more powers with it.
- Reservation System:
Provision for reservation has been made for the
- Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes
- Backward Classes and
- Offices of Chairpersons.
The Panchayati Raj Institutions have now a term of 5 years but if dissolved earlier, elections must be held within a period of 6 months.
- Formation of Gram Sabha:
Each Gram Panchayat must have a gram sabha and all the adults of that area are its members. It must meet at least twice in a year and presently in Rajasthan it meets four times in a year.
- Functions and Powers:
These institutions have power over the 29 subjects given in 11 th schedule.
- Tri-patrite system:
- Gram Panchayat at Village level.
- Panchayat Samiti at Block level.
- Zila Parishad at District level.
Explain the reservation system in the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
Reservation system in the Panchayati Raj:
(a)Reservation for the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes:
The state government has made the provision of reservation for these two classes at different levels in proportion to their population, by rotation.
(b )Reservation for Women:
Under this provision, there is l/3rd of reservation for women in each cases. This goes by rotation. The present state government has made a provision of 50% reservation for the women in the Panchayati Raj and Urban administration.
(c) Reservation for the Backward classes:
The State government has presently made provision of 21 % reservation for the backward classes.
(d) Reservation for the offices of the chair persons:
For the Chairpersons of the local bodies the above mentioned three types of reservation has been made.
Long Answer Type Questions
Explain steps wise integration of Rajasthan?
Step by step Integration of Rajasthan:
Prior to independence Rajasthan was split into 19 princely states, 2 Chiefships and one British administered territory. Jodhpur was the largest state and Lava ChiefsKip was the smallest. Each state had its own administrative system and was governed by Rajpramukh or Raja, Maharaja and Maharana. There was a lack of coordination among them. After independence the process of integration was initiated in the whole country and Rajasthan unification too became a part of this process. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a major role in it and Rajasthan was integrated step by step. This process was started in Rajasthan on 17th March, 1948 and it was completed on I st November 1956 in seven stages.
• First Stage-Formation of Matsay union:
Four states i.e. Alwar, Bharatpur, Dhaulpur and Karauli were combined on 17th March 1948 to form a union, known as the Matsay Sangh. It was named so on K.M. Munshi’s suggestions. Maharaja of Dhaulpur was made its Raj Pramukh.
• Second Stage — Formation of United (Samyukta) Rajasthan:
On 26th March, 1948, Nine princely states — Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kota,Kishangarh, Pratapgarh, Shahpura and Tonk were merged to form the Samyukta Rajasthan and Kota was made its Capital.
• Third Stage:
On 19th April, 1948, Udaipur state was combined with ex- Rajasthan and was named Samyukta Rajasthan. Udaipur was made its Capital and Maharaja of Udaipur as its Raj Pramukh.
• Fourth Stage – Greater Rajasthan:
Four big states of Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer were merged with the Samyukta Rajasthan on March, 30,1949, to form the Greater Rajasthan. After a detailed discussion its Charter was prepared and Jaipur was made its capital. It was an important step towards the integration of the state. That is why 30th March is celebrated as the Rajasthan Day. In the Samyukta Rajasthan, Hira Lai Shastri was made the Pradhan Mantri (Chief Minister).
• Fifth Stage – Samyukta Greater Rajasthan:
n 15th May, 1949 merger of greater Rajasthan and Matsay sangh was completed and the Samyukta Greater Rajasthan was formed. Prior to the merger of the Matsay Sangh, Sankar Dev Samiti was organised to gather the opinion of the public of this area and the merger, was done on its recommendations.
• Sixth Stage:
The only left out Sirohi state was merged with the Samyukta Greater sangh on Jan, 26, 1950. It was the time when India was declared a Sovereign Democratic Republic State and the state was named as Rajasthan.
• Seventh Stage:
This was the last step. On 1st November 1956. The States Reorganisation Act. 1956 was enforced and under this Act, Sironj of Kota district was transferred to Madhya Bharat and Ajmer-Merwara, Abu Tehsil and Sunel- tappa part of Bhanpur tehsil of Mandsaur district of Madhya Bharat (Madhya Pradesh) were merged with Rajasthan. Jaipur was made the capital of Rajasthan.
Analyse the nature of the Rajasthan State Legislature?
Rajasthan has uni-cameral legislature i.e. there is only one house known as the Vidhan Sabha. It comprises of200 members who are elected directly by the voters. To be elected as an M.L.A, a candidate should have the following qualifications:
- He should be a citizen of India.
- He should have completed 25 years of age.
- He must possess all other qualifications required under the law of the Parliament.
- He should not be holding any office of profit under the state or the union government.
- He should not have been declared insolvent or lunatic by judiciary.
Term of the Legislature is five years, however, under article 352 its term can be extended by one year by the Parliament, in a situation of emergency. It can also be dissolved earlier by the President on the recommendations of the governor.
Quorum of the Vidhan Sabha is l/10ths of the total members. As per constitutional provision, it must have its sessions, with not more than six months difference between the two. Presently, three sessions are held-Budget session, Winter session and Monsoon session.
Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha has a Chairman and Dy. Chairman. Chairman and in his absence Dy. Chairman conducts the meetings of the house, protects privileges of the members, maintains law and discipline in house, grants permission to the members to question, to introduce bills and to initiate discussion. He allows voting and declares the result. He can be dismissed earlier than 5 years through a specific majority by giving him 14 days notice in advance.
Legislature makes laws on all the subjects in the state list and the concurrent list. There are 66 subjects in the state list and 47 subjects in the concurrent list. Vidhan Sabha passes the annual budget of the state and also participates in the amendment of the constitution. Members of the Legislature also take part the elections of the President of India.
Thus Rajasthan Legislature has:
- Legislative Powers
- Executive Powers by exercising control over council of Ministers.
- Financial Powers.
- Constitution-amendment powers.
- Electoral powers.
Explain Nature and functions/powers of the state Executive:
Executive of the Rajasthan State.
It is of two types:
- Nominal or the constitutional and
- Real executive
1. Nominal Executive:
It is the governor of the state. He is appointed by the President according to article 155 of the constitution for a period of five years but can be dismissed or removed even earlier.
For the post of the governor, the required qualifications are:
- He should be the citizen of India.
- He should have completed the age of 35 years.
Power and Functions of Governor are:
- To appoint Chief Minister and to form council of ministers on his advice.
- To summon, adjourn and dismiss the Legislative Assembly.
- To exercise financial, legislative and pardoning powers.
2. Real Executive:
According to article 163 of “the constitution, there shall be a council of ministers headed by the Chief-Minister to aid and advise the governor. Governor delivers on oath of office to the leader of the majority party or the member of the Vidhan Sabha. In case he is not the member of the Vidhan Sabha (State Legislature), he has to get elected within a period of six month from the date of his appointment. In case no party has a clear majority in the state Legislature, the governor exercises his discretionary powers.
Functions of the Chief-Minister are:
- To form his council of ministers.
- To distribute portfolios among the ministers, and to summon and présider over the meetings of the Cabinet.
- To keep governor informed of all the decisions of council of ministers regarding state administration.
- To keep a watch over all the ministers and departments and to coordinate their activities.
- To proclaim administrative policies and decisions of the cabinet in the Vidhan Sabha and then get them passed
- To act as a leader of the house and the government.
- To convey any information asked for by the governor regarding administration and legislation.
The real executive i.e. Chief Minister can advise the President to dismiss the Vidhan Sabha earlier. The Legislative Assembly can dismiss the Chief Minister earlier than five years by passing a Vote of no-confidence against him. His dismissal means dismissal of the whole council of Ministers.
Chief-Minister acts as a link between the governor and council of Ministers. It is the Chief-Minister who keeps governor, informed from time to time, of the administrative decisions.
The real position of Chief-Minister as the real executive depends upon various factors as his personality, majority of his party in the house and his popularity in public.
Describe the Revenue and Law and order system of Rajasthan?
I. Revenue Administrative System:
For revenue and law and order the state has been divided into 7 divisions — Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur, Kota, Bikaner and Bharatpur.
For the revenue matters the highest body in the state is the Revenue Board with its headquarter at Ajmer. In each division there is a Divisional Commissioner who is an IAS officer and under him are district collectors and police superintendents of all the districts in the division. He has to maintain coordination between the police and general administration departments in order to maintain law and order in the whole division, as well as to resolve the revenue related matters.
At the district level there is a Collector/ Magistrate who is an IAS Officer. He has to see to the administration of the whole district and under him are the Sub-divisional officers/Magistrate at the Sub-division level. Then there is one Tehsildar for each Tehsil. Tehsildar is assisted by Naib Tehsildar, Kanongo etc. Tehsil is divided into Patwar circle which is headed by Patwari. Each Patwar circle is divided into many villages.
II. Police Administration:
For maintaining law and order in the state there is Home Department which is under the Home Minister of the State. Home Minister is assisted by the Home Secretary at the secretariat level. The head of the police department at the state level is D.G.P (Director General of Police). He is a senior IAS Officer. Headquarter of Police is at Jaipur. For the convenience of Police administration the whole state is divided into eight ranges — Ajmer, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Jaipur Range I, Jaipur range II, Jodhpur, Kota and Udaipur.
Each range is headed by Inspector General of Police (I.G) from the Indian Police Services.
Each range is divided into districts. There is a Superintendent of Police (S.P) at the district head to maintain law and order.
District is divided into Circles whose Chief Officer is Circle Officer (C.O) who is, ordinarily from State Police Service (R.P.S). A Circle is divided into Thanas and under each thana is a Police Chauki, the smallest unit. Thana is under Police Inspector or Dy. Inspector. Besides there are head constable and constables.
Write an essay on the Panchayati Raj in Rajasthan.
Panchayati Raj in Rajasthan:
The then Prime Minister, Pt. Jawahar Lai Nehru inaugurated the Panchayati Raj system in Rajasthan on 2nd Oct, 1959. Presently there is a three tier (Tripatrite) system of the Panchayati Raj
- Gram Panchayat at the Village level.
- Panchayat Samit at the Block level.
- Zila Parishad at the District level.
By the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, 1992 they have been granted the constitutional status and by adding the 11 schedule III the constitution the Panchayati Raj Institutions have been given 29 subjects.
This Tri-tier system of the Panchayati Raj is
1. Gram Panchayat:
It comprises all the ward Panchs, Dy. Sarpanch and Sarpanch, and a gram secretary who is the government employee. Its meetings are held twice a year.
2. Panchayat Samiti:
It comprises elected members from the development block, Dy. Pradhan and Pradhan. Besides there is a Development Officer who is the government representative.
3. Zila Parishad:
It is the highest body of the Panchayati Raj System at the district level. It comprises Zila Parishad members, Zila Pramukh and a Dy. Zila Pramukh ; as well as a Chief Executive Officer.
Excluding Sarpanch all others as Chairpersons Dy. Chairpersons, Pradhans, Dy. Pradhans, Zila Pramukh and Dy. Zila Pramukh are elected by the members. Rajasthan had 9184 gram Panchayats, 239 Panchayat samities and 337 Zila Parishad.
By the declaration in the budget 2013-2014, four gram Panchayats were , been elevated to Municipal stature.
Chart for the Panchayati Raj Institutions in Rajasthan
|Name of the Institution||Political Representatives|
Zila Pramukh, Dy. Zila Pramukh and Zila Parishad Members
Chief Executive Officer
|Panchayat Samiti||Pradhan and Dy. Pradhan and Panchayat Samiti Members||Development Officers|
Sarpanch, Dy. Sarpanch and Panchas
Gram Secretary (Sewak)
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
What is the required quorum for the Vidhan Sabha proceedings?
(a) 1/10 th
(b) 1/3 rds
(c) 1/4 th
(d) 1/6 th
Prior to Independence there were 19 Princely states, 2 Chiefships and 1 British administered territory. The largest of all these was
Minimum age required to be the governor of a state is
(a) 21 years
(b) 25 years
(c) 35 years
(d) 30 years
Process of Integration of Rajasthan was started on
(a) 17th March, 1948
(b) 20th March, 1948
(c) 22nd March, 1948
(d) 25th March, 1948
The present Rajasthan came into being on
(a) 26th November 1956
(b) 1st November 1956
(c) 26th January 1956
(d) 26th January 1949
Headquarter of the Rajasthan Revenue Board is located at
Under which article of the constitution can the President appoint the governor of a state?
(a) Article 158
(b) Article 186
(c) Article 168
(d) Article 155
Home Department of the state functions under
(a) Chief Minister
(b) Home Minister
(d) Chief Secretary of the state
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Who was the propounder of the ‘Theory of Separation of Powers”?
Theory of Separations of Powers was propounded by Montesquieu, the well known political scientist.
How many subjects are included in the state list and the concurrent list of the state?
There are 66 subjects in the State list and 47 subjects in the concurrent list.
On the recommendations of which samiti was the Samyukta Greater Rajasthan formed by merging Greater Rajasthan and Matsay Sangh?
It was on the recommendations of Shankar Dev Samiti that the Samyukta Greater Rajasthan was formed by merging the Greater Rajasthan and the Matsay Sangh.
When and from where was the Panchayati Raj launched in Rajasthan?
The Panchayati Raj was launched in Rajasthan from Nagaur on 2nd Oct, 1959.
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