RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Chapter 10 Local Administration are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Social Science Chapter 10 Local Administration.
|Chapter Name||Local Administration|
|Number of Questions Solved||45|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Social Science Chapter 10 Local Administration
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
By which Constitutional Amendment Act have the Panchayati Raj Institutions become strong and effective?
(a) 44th Constitutional Amendment
(b) 74th Constitutional Amendment
(c) 42nd Constitutional Amendment
(d) 73rd Constitutional Amendment
Gram Sabha is composed of
(a) Members from the Panchayat area enrolled in the voters list
(b) All people of the Gram Panchayat area
(c) All the enrolled voters in the Panchayat samiti area
(d) Panch, Sarpanch and Dy. Sarpanch
Which of the following is not a urban local self-governing institution of Rajasthan?
(b) Nagar Panchayat
(c) City Council
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Which state of the Indian union was the first to inaugurate the three-tier Panchayati Raj system?
The state of Rajasthan was the first to inaugurate the Panchayati Raj system.
By whom is the Sarpanch elected?
Sarpanch is elected directly by the voters of the Gram Panchayat.
With which institution is the Pradhan related?
Pradhan is related with the Panchayat Samiti.
Which cities of Rajasthan have city corporations?
Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Ajmer, Bharatpur, Bikaner and Udaipur have city corporations.
Short Answer Type Questions
Write the functions of a Gram Panchayat.
Functions of a Gram Panchayat are:
- It prepares annual plans for the development of Gram Panchayat area.
- It prepares annual budget.
- It helps in natural calamities.
- It removes encroachment on public properties.
- It prepares statistics of village/villages.
Which kinds of members constitute Zila Parishad?
Zila Parishad, the highest unit of local self-government in rural area, includes four kinds of member.
- Directly elected representatives, from teritorial constituency of Zila Parishad area.
- Elected member of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha of Zila Parishad area.
- All members of Rajya Sabha registered as voters in Zila Parishad area.
- Pradhans of all Panchayat Samiti of Zila Parishad area.
Give a short description of Cantonment Board.
The word chavni is used for the place where soldiers live. As the time passed civilians also started living in Chavni. Indian government passed a Cantonment Board Act in 1924 to solve the local problems of this region and establish a local institution. The objective of this Act was to establish Cantonment Board. Nagar Palika Cantonment Boards are directly administrated by the Defence Department of Indian Government.
At present at Narirabad in Rajasthan (Ajmer district) the Cantonment board is established. At present, all Chavni Mandais are administered under the new law implemented in September 2006.
The commanding officer of army is the chairman of the Cantonment Board. The tenure of elected members of the Cantonment Board is of 5 years and for nominated members till they are on the seat.
What are the functions of the Mayor?
Functions of the Mayor are:
- He presides over the meetings of the corporation.
- He can check all the records of the city corporation.
- He can ask for any information or report concerning corporation related matters.
- Normal or special meeting of the corporation is summoned on his order and justifies truly.
Long Answer Type Questions
How is the Panchayat Samiti organized? Describe its functions.
- Composition of Panchayat Samiti: Members who are elected directly by the adult voters of the Panchayati region. Each Panchayat samiti area is divided into wards subject to 15 such constituencies for the population of 1 lakh. 2 more members are elected for 15000 persons and two for the part thereof.
- Ex-officio members: The legislators and sarpanches of the Panchayat Samiti area are also its members. They can vote in all the meetings of the Panchayat Samiti but cannot take part in the elections of Pradhan and Dy Pradhan as well as their removal by No-confidence proposal.
- Pradhan and Dy. Pradhan are selected only by the elected members.
- There is a post of development officer too, who works as an administrative officer and coordinates the working of the employees.
Term of the Panchayat Samiti is of five years. Seats are reserved in the Panchayat samiti for the SCs, STs, other backward classes and women.
Functions of Panchayat Samiti
- Ordinary Functions:
- It prepares annual plans for the schemes approved by the state government and Zila Parishad and submits them to the Zila Parishad.
- It considers and compiles the annual plans of all the Panchayats in the Panchayat Samiti area.
- It performs all the functions delegated to it by the Zila Parishad.
- It prepares annual budget of the Panchayat Samiti.
- It provides assistance during Natural calamities and issues necessary directions to the Panchayats in its area.
- Small Irrigation and Water Mangement related Functions: Panchayat Samiti helps in the construction and maintenance of small irrigation works, Anicuts, lift irrigation, wells, barrage, etc.
- Agricultural Production and Expansion related Programmes
- It promotes the development of agriculture and horticulture.
- It cooperates in the distribution of manure and seeds for the maintenance of plant nurseries.
- It promotes the development of cash crops.
- It encourages the cultivation of vegetables, fruits and flowers,
- It helps to get loan for the development of agriculture and arranges training for the farmers.
- Poverty-Alleviation Functions: For the removal of poverty the Panchayat Samiti
introduces many schemes as integrated rural development programme, rural youth self-employment training, maru development programme, SCs and STs development Plans, etc.
- Cattle Breeding, Dairy, Poultry and fisheries related Functions: Panchayat Samiti attempts to reforms the animal and poultiy breed, promotes fish breeding,, inspects veterinary, arranges for adequate fodder and checks the spread of epidemics.
- Primary Education related Functions: Rural Primary Education is the responsibility of the Panchayat Samiti. Construction and maintenance of buildings for primary schools, promotion of women education and professional training, conducting activities regarding adult education, literacy programmes and cultural activities and free distribution of books among the students.
- Other Functions:
- Promotion of khadi and cottage industry.
- Arrangement for drinking water.
- Development of sterile land and construction of public buildings, roads, flyovers and ghats.
- Implementation of woman-child welfare, and health and family welfare programmes.
- Welfare of the handicapped, mentally challenged and the helpless, pension to the old, the widows and the handicapped and welfare of weaker sections of society.
- Encouraging cooperative activities and helping during natural calamities.
Describe the organization and functions of City Council or Municipal Council or Nagar Parishad.
Generally it does the three types of functions-
(a) Compulsory functions or
(b) Agency or discretionary functions
(c) Special functions.
(a) Compulsory Functions:
- Cleanliness, electricity supply, removal of rubbish, sprinkling of water, supply of clean water, arrangement of public electricity (road lights), disposal of waste, demolishing of dangerous buildings, control normal business, maintenance of city
- Fire brigade and security against fire. ,
- Public toilets, construction of dams and their maintenance.
- Registration of birth and death and arrangement of funeral places.
- Naming routes, numbering houses, vaccination, population control and family welfare, arrangement for markets, fairs, markets, publication of annual surveys.
(b) Discretionary Functions:
- Acquisition of land
- Economic development and social justice
- Implementation of state government plans ‘
- Maintenance of public parks, gardens, libraries, zoos, buildings, roads, etc.
- Houses for the poor
- Plantation of trees on roadsides
- Housing facility for corporation employees
- Disposal of garbage, etc.
- Public health and child welfare
- Contributions for relief from natural calamities
- Public receptions, festivals, exhibitions, etc. within corporation limits
- Supply of milk and other goods in times of their short supply
- Labour Welfare Centres and other facilities for corporation employees
- Government dispensaries and maintenance of ambulance
- Housing and other facilities for the handicapped, orphans and the helpless and provision of maternity centres.
(c) Special Functions:
- Medical aid and other facilities for fatal diseases and check their spread.
- Disaster management and help during famine and scarcity.
- Financial resources of tax on annual rent on lands and buildings, octroi on goods and animals, professional and service tax but the state government can ask to suspend either of them. Special taxes as ordered by the state government for the whole of or a part of corporation area tax on vehicles, tax on pet dogs and other animals, tax on electricity, sanitaiy tax, public toilets, water supply, etc.
Nagar Parishad (City Council)
It is the second unit of urban self-administration. The State Government can organise Nagar Parishad in cities with population between (1-5 lakhs). It is a legal body which has eternal right and common seal. It can sell and purchase property on its name. It can file a suit on others and other can file suit on them.
At present in Rajasthan, approx 34 Nagar Parishads are working. They are at Kishangarh, Beawar, Alwar, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Doongerpur, Churn, Dholpur, Shri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jallore, Jhalwar, Jhunjhunu, Nagaur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Siker, Karauli, Sirohi, Tonk, Badmer, Banswara, Baran, Bundi, Pratapgarh, Dausa, Makrana, Gangapur, Hindaun, Bhiwadi, Balotara, and Sujangarh.
It has one elected council. It is divided into wards. According to population, elected member from the ward is called Parishad. The number of wards is fixed from time to time by issuing notices. Parishads are elected directly by the people through adult franchise by secret Ballot. Elected members of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly from that area are also the members of Parishad.
Provision for reservation are implemented for all places as per Nagar Nigam rules. City Council can form some committees which can be permanent or temporary. Chairman and Deputy Chairman: They have different kinds of functionaries of city council is called Chairman and Vice Chairman respectively. They are elected by the elected Parishads of Nagar Parishad among themselves. Their tenure is of 5 years. In case of death, resignation, non-confidence motion, the vacant post is filled for rest of the period, by again electing president or vice president by the elected members themselves.
The Chairman presides the meeting of the Nagar Parishad and keeps control over Executive officer, Commissioners and subordinate.
Functions of City Council or Nagar Parishad or Municipal Council under Rajasthan Municipal Amendment Act, 1994 are as follows:
- Development programmes related to city development.
- Regulations of use of land and construction of buildings.
- Construction and maintenance of roads, flyovers, etc.
- Economic and social development.
- Public health and cleanliness.
- Distribution of water for domestic, industrial and commercial use.
- Registration of birth and death.
- Conservation of environment.
- Electrification of street and road lights.
- Other functions as alleviation of poverty, promotion schemes of cultural and educational programmes, welfare of the old, handicapped, helpless, etc. management of veterinary homes, butcher houses, parking places, bus stands, etc.
Development of villages is not possible without Panchayati Raj. Express your views.
The development of village is not possible without the Panchayati Raj system. It is a part of local self-administration which look after the affairs of the village. It maintain peace and order, looks after the roads, bridges, health and sanitation, etc. It solves minor law and order cases, and local disputes. People considered the Panchayats impartial and respected the panchas or members. Today, thé state governments have passed Acts to reorganise the Panchayats. The numbers of Panches or members of the Panchyats may vary. The Panchayati Raj system includes Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the Block level and Zila Parishad at the Zila level. This whole three-tier set up is said to be the Panchayati Raj. In 1994 the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act was passed to modify the local self-governing institutions.
- Development of Agriculture: It is the major economic base of the village and for its development many functions are performed under the Panchayati Raj System, as-
- Promotion of agriculture and horticulture, development of barren land and fodder land and their maintenance. This work is performed by the Gram Panchayat.
- Functions like promotion of development of agriculture and horticulture, maintenance of plant nurseries, distribution of manure and seeds, development of cash crops, promotion of crops of fruits and flowers, credit and training facilities for farmers, etc., are performed by the Panchayat Samiti for the development of villages in its Panchayat area.
- Zila Parishad does its job of promoting agriculture by supply of scientific tools and implements and popularising the scientific methods of cultivation, training the farmers, organising agriculture fairs and exhibitions and introducing land reforms measures.
- Cattle breeding and other Dairy Development Functions: Next to agriculture, the cattle breeding is another important occupation in the village. All the three Panchayati Raj institutions promote measures for the best cattle breed and quality dairy products. They help to promote agricultural development as well as provide employment opportunities to the people.
- Other Functions: Panchayati Raj institutions solve the problems of the people in a village, regarding electricity, water, health, cleanliness, literacy, cottage industries, welfare of the weaker sections and natural disasters as floods, earthquake, epidemics, etc. The people are enlightened to solve their own problems by active participation in their local administration. Thus, the Panchayati Raj system is necessaiy for the development of village.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
The middle level institution of the Panchayati Raj system is
(a) Gram Sabha
(b) Gram Panchayat
(c) Panchayat Samiti
(d) Zila Parishad
Legislature of the Panchayat is
(a) Gram Sabha
(b) Panchayat Samiti
(c) Gram Panchayat
(d) Zila Parishad
The number of Gram Panchayats in Rajasthan is
The number of Panchayat Samitis in Rajasthan is
Meetings of the Gram Sabha are presided over by the
(b) Dy Pradhan
(c) Zila Pramukh
The number of city corporation of Rajasthan is
The city of Rajasthan which does not have corporation is
Gana was the smallest unit of administration this is given in the
(a) Rig Veda
(c) Atharva Veda
There is a post of development officer as an administrator in the
(a) Gram Panchayat
(b) City Corporation
(c) Zila Parishad
(d) Panchayat Samiti
How many meetings of the Gram Sabha must be summoned in a year?
In India, local self-administration is divided into
(a) Urban local self-administration
(b) Rural local self-administration
(c) None of the above
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Very Short Answer Type Questions
By which process can Pradhan be dismissed?
Pradhan of the Panchayat Samiti can be dismissed through no-confidence motion passed by 2/3rds majority of the elected members.
What is the Chairman of the city corporation known as in Rajasthan?
Chairman of the city corporation of Rajasthan is known as Mayor.
What is the number of Gram Panchayats in Rajasthan?
There are 9188 Gram Panchayats in Rajasthan.
What is the smallest unit of administration according to the ancient Indian scriptures?
Gram is the smallest unit of administration.
Which members of Municipality do not have the right to vote for the elections of Chairman and Deputy Chairman?
Members of Lok Sabha and Legislature Assemblies do not have the right to vote for the elections of Chairman of Municipality.
Which city corporation of Rajasthan is stronger than the other six ! organisations?
The Jaipur city corporation which is stronger than other six corporations.
By which two acts the Rajasthan government modified the local self : governing institutions?
Rajasthan government has modified the local self-governing institutions by:
- Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act, 1994
- Rajasthan Municipal Act. 1994.
By which constitutional amendments local self administration in India has been given constitutional status?
The local self-administration in India has been given constitutional status by 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, 1992.
What is the Gram Sabha?
Gram Sabha is the legislature of the Gram Panchayat.
For how much population of the cities and towns of Rajasthan have municipalities been set up?
Municipalities have been set up in the Rajasthan cities and towns with population less than 1,00,000.
How many seats are reserved in Rajasthan for women in the local self governing institutions?
Seats have been reserved for women in the local self-governing institutions as per rules of three-tier system.
When was the three-tier system of Democratic Decentralisation introduced in Rajasthan?
It was on 2nd October, 1959 that the scheme of Democratic Decentralisation was introduced in Rajasthan.
Which was the smallest unit of administration as given in Rig Veda?
Gana was the smallest unit of administration according to Rig Veda.
Short Answer Type Questions
Name the department of the corporation in Rajasthan.
For the smooth working of the city corporation, the following departments can be formed as given in the Rajasthan Municipality (Amendment) Act, 1994.
- Executive department
- Finance department
- Buildings and Construction department
- Rules and Regulations (legal) department
- Health and cleanliness department
- Public Transport department
- Ward department
What do you understand by local self-administration? Name the local self- governing institutions of Rajasthan.
Local self-administration is the system in which the local people participate in finding solution to their own problems and in preparing and implementing the development schemes for their area. Rajasthan has rural and urban local self-governing institutions. They are-
Rural Institutions – Gram Panchayat, Gram Sabha, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad.
Urban Institutions – Municipality, City Council, City Corporation and Cantonment Board.
Write any four functions of Gram Sabha.
- It initiates discussions on the annual income and expenditure account of the Panchayat and the proposed development programmes for the next year.
- It decides about the families living below poverty line.
- It supervises and controls the working of social organisations in the Panchayat area.
- It makes a social survey of the land allocated to the weaker sections.
Describe the role of Zila Pramukh.
- He presides over and conducts the meeting of the Zila Parishad.
- He has control over all officers and employees of the Zila Parishad.
- He inspects the financial and executive aspects of the Zila Parishad.
- He directs the Panchayats in the implementation of their development plans and other programmes. Rajasthan has 32 about Zila Parishads.
Write things required to make a local administration successful.
- High character, honesty, accountability in public responsibility among people.
- Use of political right in the form of vote should be based on candidates ability rather than caste or religion base.
- Co-ordination between control of central government and freedom in working of local self-administration.
Long Answer Type Questions
Give an account of the composition and functions and powers of Municipality.
Composition of Municipality: Population is the major basis for forming municipality in small cities or towns. For example, in Rajasthan there is a provision of having municipality for the area between 8,000 to 1,00,000.
The Municipal area is divided into wards as the territorial electoral constituencies, subject to minimum of 13 wards. However the number of wards can be changed, from time to time, by the state government through notification in the government gazette. The ward members of 21 years age, who are enrolled in the voter’s list are elected directly by the voters of the wards through secret ballot system.
According to the Rajasthan Municipal Amendment Act, 1994 members of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly from that municipal area will also be the members of Municipality. They can vote on all the matters in the meetings, but cannot take part in the elections of Chairman and Dy Chairman and in their removal procedure of no-confidence.
Seats are reserved for the members of SCs, STs, other backward classes and women, on the basis of their population. Decision regarding their seats is taken before the elections. Women and weaker sections of society can also contest from general seat.
Each Municipality has a chairman and a Dy. Chairman who are elected by the elected members from amongst themselves. Their tenure is of five years but the elected members can dismiss them earlier by passing the proposal of no-confidence. Post of the Chairman is considered vacated if he remains absent in the meetings continuously for one month without intimation. The new Chairman is appointed in his place.
Term of the Municipality is of 5 years as per 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992.
In order to implement the proposed policies and to conduct other activities, the Executive officer is appointed as a representative of the state government. There are other officers and employees too to help in the official work.
For administrative convenience and proper discharge of functions, each Municipality has many departments:
- Legal department
- Finance department
- Health and Cleanliness department
- Public transport department
- Rules and Regulations department
Power and Functions of the Municipality:
- Formation and implementation of development plans for the city or town.
- Regulation of construction of buildings and land use.
- Management of public health cleanliness and sanitary conditions.
- Electrification of roads, vehicle parking arrangement and management of bus stops and public facilities.
- Planning for economic and social development in the municipal area.
- Necessary measures for alleviation of poverty.
- Efforts for the improvement of slums.
- Construction and maintenance of roads and bridges.
- Registration of birth and death.
- Provision of fire-brigade stations.
- Conservation of forests and environment.
- Welfare of the handicapped and mentally challenged.
- Supply of water for domestic and commercial purposes.
- Construction and maintenance of parks, gardens and playgrounds.
- Management of cultural, educational and recreational programmes for the public.
- Regulation of butcher houses.
- Organisation of animal homes.
Write an essay on the composition and functions of Zila Parishad.
Zila Parishad is the institution of the Panchayati Raj system at the district level.
It comprises of:
- Directly elected members from the wards of Zila Parishad area.
- Members of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly from the Zila Parishad area.
- All Rajya Sabha members from the Zila Parishad area .
- Pradhans of all Panchayat Samitis in the Zila Parishad area.
- Zila Pramukh and Dy. Zila Pramukh who are elected by the elected members of the Zila Parishad. They have also the right to dismiss them by No-confidence proposal. The other members do not enjoy the right to elect and dismiss them but they can vote on other matters in the Zila Parishad meetings.
Besides the public representatives there are an Executive officer, an assistant engineer and other employees. Seats are reserved in the Zila Parishads for the weaker sections in the society and for the women.
There are also some departments organised by the Zila Parishad for its prompt and smooth working are:
- Administration, finance and taxation department
- Education department
- Social services and Legal department
- Zila Parishad can also ask for any information and record from the permanent or temporary department. Functions and
Powers of Zila Parishad:
- Ordinary Functions: It prepares plans for social justice and economic development, gets them implemented through the related activities.
- Agriculture related Functions: It helps in the matters like developed tools for increase in agricultural production, popularisation of use of the agricultural techniques, training to the farmers, organisation of fairs and exhibitions, land reforms and soil conservation functions.
- It promotes of small irrigation schemes and groundwater conservation, construction and maintenance of rural gardens and parks, cooperation to the farmers and development of crops of fruits and vegetables.
- Statistics related Functions: It coordinates and uses statistics related with the functions of Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads.
- Rural Electrification: It tries to increase the supply of electricity in the rural areas, sanctions electricity connections i.e., Kuteer Jyoti and other connections.
- Soil conservation and Social Forestry: These functions include conservation of soil, development of sterile land, promotion of horticulture and development of fodder land and plantation of trees.
- Cattle Breeding, Dairy Development and Fisheries: It prepares schemes for veterinary hospitals for animals,
prevention of diseases in animals, fodder, expansion of dairy industry, poultry development, rearing of fishes and pigs, etc.
- Domestic and Cottage Industry related Functions: It identifies the expert hands and develops domestic industries, arranges for raw material. It promotes khadi, handloom, handicraft and rural industries and it trains artisans and craftsmen.
- Welfare Functions of Weaker Sections of Society: Zila Parishad gives grant to purchase books and the study material as well as scholarships to the children belonging to the schedule castes, schedule tribes and other backward classes and provides them all other facilities for the education. It also works for removal of illiteracy and for night classes and libraries. It plans for removal of poverty among them and inspects their hostels.
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