RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Chapter 9 Constitution of India are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Social Science Chapter 9 Constitution of India.
|Chapter Name||Constitution of India|
|Number of Questions Solved||33|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 9 Social Science Chapter 9 Constitution of India
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
By which Plan the Indian Constitution was framed?
When was first meeting of the Constituent Assembly held?
(a) 9 December 1946
(b) 11 December 1946
(c) 13 December 1946
(d) 6 December 1946
When was Indian Constitution adopted?
(a) 26 January 1950
(b) 26 November 1949
(c) 30 January 1948
(d) 15 August 1947
How many Fundamental Rights are given to the Indian citizens?
In which article, code of equal citizenship is described?
(a) Article 44
(b) Article 48
(c) Article 49
(d) Article 50
Very Short Answer Type Questions
How much time was taken to make the Indian Constitution?
2 years, 11 months 18 days.
How many members were there in the Constituent Assembly?
What did Dr. B.R. Ambedkar say about right to Constitutional Remedies?
Heart and Soul of the Constitution.
In which year the Fundamental duties were added in the Indian Constitution?
It was added in 1976.
How many articles are there in the Indian Constitution?
Short Answer Type Questions
Write a short note on Right to Equality.
Equal opportunities of employment to all irrespective of caste, race, colour, religion, etc., equality before law, abolition of untouchability, special provision of reservation for the backward classes.
Describe any four Directive Principles of State Policy.
The Directive Principles of State Policy is regarded as the ‘Conscience of the Constituent Assembly covering Articles 36 to 51. Four principles are given below:
(a) Article 39 : Equal justice and opportunity for everyone.
(b) Article 41 : Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
(c) Article 46 : Promotion of educational and economic interests of SCs, STs and other weaker sections.
(d) Article 48A : Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
Describe any four Fundamental Rights.
Four Fundamental Rights are as follows:
- Right to Equality: Equal opportunities of employment to all irrespective of caste, race, colour, religion etc., equality before law, abolition of untouchability, special provision of reservation for the backward classes.
- Right to Freedom :
- the right to freedom of speech and expression,
- the right to form associations,
- the right to move freely and reside in any part of the country,
- the right to choose any profession, occupation or business.
- Right against Exploitation: Ban on the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous places like mills or mines.
- Right to Freedom of Religion: All religions are alike and are free in their ways of worship, propagation and practice, no undue state interference.
Illustrate any three characteristics of the Indian Constitution.
Characteristics of the Indian Constitution :
- Written Constitution : It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to prepare the Constitution.
- Sovereignty : Sovereign power lies with the people of India. The Constitution has been made by the people, for the people and dedicated to the people of India. Thus, the supreme power is vested in the people.
- Federalism : Under this, the Constitution divides the powers between the Centre and the States through three lists:
- Union list,
- States list,
- Concurrent list.
- Separation of Powers : The three organs of the state are the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary.
- The Legislature has the power to make laws.
- The Executive has the power to execute laws.
- The Judiciary has the power to judge and apply punishment when laws are violated.
Give the importance of Independent Judiciary.
The judiciary is completely independent from the Legislative Assembly and the Executive in the Indian Constitution. It has power to judge and apply punishment when laws are violated. The Supreme Court is the highest court of India. If any law made by the government violates the Fundamental Rights, the Judiciary can revise that law or the honble Supreme Court can declare this law illegal or against the Constitution.
Long Answer Type Questions
Describe the Constituent Assembly of India.
(a) The idea of the Constituent Assembly was associated with an integral part of the demand of India’s Independence. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi advocated it. In 1940, first time the British accepted the demand of the Constitution in the August Resolution. In March 1946, the British government sent Cabinet Mission to India and the Constituent Assembly was formed. Under its supervision, the constitution of India was the framed.
(b) According to the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946, there was to be a Union of India, consisting both British India and the Princely States, with control over foreign affairs, defence and communication. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies of Britain. The elections of these assemblies were held in 1946, after the Second World War. The number of members of the Constituent Assembly was fixed on the basis of the population. One member would represent ten lakh people. The number of the members from the Princely States and provinces was also fixed on the same grounds. Total number of the members in the Constituent Assembly was fixed at 389.
(c) On July 1946, the elections for the 296 seats were conducted, in which the Congress won 208 seats and the Muslim League won 93 only. Other seats were won by small parties. Muslim League decided to boycott the Constituent Assembly.
According to the Mountbatten Plan of 3rd June, 1947, the division of the country was decided on communal basis. The communal division of India was final on 3rd June 1947. Demand of Muslim League was accepted to make separate nation for Muslims. Hence, the Constituent Assembly was reorganized and seats were fixed at 324. Finally 284 members signed the Indian Constitution, people from states joined the assembly at different time. Hyderabad was the only state from which no representative joined the assembly.
(d) A legal inauguration was held of Constituent Assembly in Central Hall of the Parliament. In its first meeting 211 members took part. Sachidanand Sinha was made the temporary President of the Constituent Assembly. On 11 December 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad was made the permanent President and B.N. Rao was made the legal advisor. On 13th December 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru presented the objective of the formation of Constituent Assembly. It was passed on 22nd January
1947. Many Samities were organized for the formation of the Constitution, among them Drafting Committee was the main.
(e) The Constituent Assembly appointed a Drafting Committee on 29th August, 1947. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee submitted first Draft of Constitution of India to the President of the Assembly on 21st February, 1948 and second Draft in October 1948. Hence, he is known as the Father of the Indian Constitution.
(f) Drafting Committee with the chairmanship of Dr. Ambedkar took, 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to prepare the Draft of the Constitution, 166 meetings of the Constituent Assembly were held.
(g) Drafting Committee published first Draft after a long discussion on February
1948, Indian people were given 8 months to think over it and to give suggestions. According to those suggestions and reforms,’ Draft was formed and presented in front of the Constituent Assembly.
(h) Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first Chairman of the Constituent Assembly. He gave approval to the Draft by the Constituent Assembly on 26th Nov. 1949.
(i) On this day it was adopted, enacted and handed over to ourselves the constitution. Its last meeting was held on 24th January 1950, that day it was signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly. It was enforced on 26th January 1950. The Constitution consists of a Preamble, 25 Parts, 395 Articles and 12 Schedules.
(j) The Constituent Assembly had done some important work other than formation of the Constitution like, In July 1947 the design of the National flag was adopted, in January 1950 National Song and National Anthem were adopted. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the First President of Independent India. He took oath on 26th January 1950 with it. India originated in the form of the Republic Nation.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
I. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Which of the following countries has the longest written Constitution?
(a) Sri Lanka
Who is known as the father of the Indian Constitution?
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Rajendra Prasad
(d) Dr. Ambedkar
When was the Indian Constitution framed completely?
(a) 24 January, 1950
(b) 26 November, 1949
(c) 15 August, 1950
(d) None of these
The word ‘Socialist and Secular1 was added to the Preamble of the Indian Constitution through 42nd Amendment in:
The organs of the state include the
(d) All of these
Very Short Answer Type Questions
When did the Indian Constitution come into force?
26 January, 1950.
Which plan was responsible for the division of India on the communal * basis?
Name the orders which are passed by the court for the protection of the Fundamental Rights.
Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Quo warranto, Certiorari.
What is the significance of Directive Principles?
Government responsible to the people, upliftment in the living standard of the people, creation of society with justice and welfare.
What do you mean by Fundamental Rights?
The basic and original rights given by the Constitution to all the citizens for their development.
Short Answer Type Questions
Why does a democratic country need a Constitution?
Generally, in a democratic country people choose their leaders to exercise their power on their behalf responsibly. But often these leaders misuse their power. Hence, the Constitution provides safeguard against it.
Name the prominent members of the Constituent Assembly.
Members of the Constituent Assembly were Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, K.M. Munshi, Prof. K.T. Shah, Govind Vallabh Pant, Dr. Radhakrishnan, Dr. Jayakar, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Sardar Baldav Singh, etc. and the prominent women members were Sarojini Naidu and Vijay Laxmi Pandit.
What does the Indian Constitution describe about equality?
The Indian Constitution declared caste discrimination and untouchability illegal. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a leading figure in the making of India’s Constitution, pleaded for complete eradication of social evils. Thus, the Indian Constitution declared that the state shall not allow discrimination on the basis of caste or creed, and that there shall be equality of opportunity in matter of education, public employment, etc.
Long Answer Type Questions
What is the significance of the Preamble? Describe the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
The Preamble means Introduction or Preface of the Constitution. It embodies the basic philosophy and fundamental values like moral, religious and political on which the Constitution is based.
The Preamble of the Indian Consti¬tution is based on the Objectives Resolution drafted and moved by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and adopted by the Constituent Assembly.
Preamble of India We, the People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and secure to all its citizens.
- Justice, social economic and political.
- Liberty of thought expression, belief, faith and worship.
- Equality of states and of opportunity; and to promote among them all.
- Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.
- In our Constituent Assembly on this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby Adopt, Enact and Give to Ourselves this Constitution.
Write the main features of the Indian Constitution in detail.
The Indian Constitution shows the fundamental nature of the society and the type of government in a country. e.g., India is a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic. These words are the ideals of the society.
Features of the Indian Constitution
- Written detailed Constitution:
It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to prepare the Constitution.
Sovereign power lies with the people of India. The constitution has been made by the people, for the people and dedicated to the people of India. Thus, the supreme power is vested in the people.
- Secular State:
No state religion in India, all the religions are equally respected.
- Rigid and Flexible:
Some constitu¬tional amendments can be made by a simple majority making it flexible, others by 2/3rds majority and some also need ratification by at least half of the state legislatures making the constitution rigid.
- Parliamentary System:
The Parliament is the supreme body. In a Parliamentary form of government, a distinction is made between the head of the State and the head of the gov-ernment. The President is the Head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government. Though the government is carried out in the name of the President at the Centre and the Governor in the states, actual admin¬istration is carried out by the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers at the Centre and the Chief Ministers in the States.
- Independent Judiciary:
The Supreme Court is the apex Judicial body. Judicial system is fair and impartial and is independent of executive and legislature.
- Welfare State:
State performs all those functions which promote the public welfare.
- Fundamental Rights:
For all round development of citizens there are six rights and the 7th right i.e right to property has been deleted.
- Fundamental Duties:
By 42nd Amendment, 1976,10 duties were added to the Constitution and by 86th Amendment too has been included.
- Federal System:
India is a union of states i.e. there are union and the state governments. Powers are divided among them as given in the three lists i.e. Union list, State list and Concurrent list.
- Single Citizenship:
Every Indian is the citizen of India only and not of any state.
- Supporter of World Peace:
India is a peace-loving country and believes in the principle of maintaining good, cordial and peaceful relations with other countries.
- Universal Adult Franchise:
Voting right is given to the citizens at the age of 18 years irrespective of caste, community, race, religion, qualification of education or property. No voting right is given to the lunatics, bankrupts and criminals of serious nature.
Describe the Fundamental Rights provided by the Indian Constitution to the citizens of India.
The Indian Constitution guarantees the following six Fundamental Rights to the citizens of India-
- Right to Equality:
Equal opportunities of employment to all irrespective of caste, race, colour, religion etc., equality before law, abolition of untouchability, special provision of reservation for the backward classes.
- Rights to Freedom of Speech and Expression: This includes
- right to freedom of speech and expression
- right to form associations
- the right to move freely and reside in any part of the country
- right to choose any profession, occupation or business.
- Right against Exploitation:
Ban on the employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous places like mills or mines.
- Right to Freedom of Religion:
All religions are alike and are free in their ways of worship, propagation and practice, no undue state interference.
- Cultural and Educational Rights:
No discrimination against any script, language, Culture of any community by the state since India is a land of unity in diversity.
- Right to Constitutional Remedies:
Under this provision the Supreme Court, or the High Court protects the Fundamental Rights of the citizens by issuing various kinds of writs.
Describe the Fundamental Duties of the citizens of India.
The Fundamental Duties of the citizens of India are as follows:
- to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
- to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
- to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
- to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
- to promote harmony and spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectarial diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to dignity of women.
- to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
- to protect and improve the National environment.
- to safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
- to develop the scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry and reform.
- to safeguard public property and abjure violence.
- to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activities so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
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