Students must start practicing the questions from RBSE 10th Social Science Model Papers Board Model Paper 2022 with Answers in English Medium provided here.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Board Model Paper 2022 with Answers in English
Time: 2:45 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
General Instruction to the Examinees:
- Candidate must first write his/her Roll No. on the question paper compulsorily.
- All the questions are compulsory.
- Write the answer to each question in the given answer-book only.
- For questions having more than one part, the answers to those parts must be written together in continuity.
1. Objective Type Questions
(i) Where was the Congress session of 1929 held? (1)
(ii) What does the German Oak symbolize? (1)
(a) Being freed
(b) Willingness to make peace
(c) Beginning of a new era
(iii) Which organization was founded in Bretton Woods conference? (1)
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) World Health Organization
(b) International Monetary Fund
(iv) Which one of the following types of resource is iron ore? (1)
(d) Non renewable
(d) Non renewable
(v) In which of the following states Arid Soil is predominantly found? (1)
(b) Jammu & Kashmir
(vi) When did Project Tiger start? (1)
(vii) When did Sri Lanka become an independent nation? (1)
(viii) How many parts are the Legislative Power divided between the center and the state? (1)
(ix) When we speak of gender division, we usually refer to : (1)
(a) biological difference between man and woman
(b) unequal roles assigned to men and women by society
(c) unequal child sex ratio.
(d) absence of voting rights for women in democracies
(b) unequal roles assigned to men and women by society
(x) The low middle income country is : (1)
(a) United States of America
(xi) Industrial Sector is called : (1)
(a) Primary Sector
(b) Secondary Sector
(c) Tertiary Sector
(d) Fourth Sector
(b) Secondary Sector
(xii) The process of rapid Integration or Inter-connection between countries is : (1)
2. Fill in the Blanks
(i) ………….. disease first appeared in Africa in the late 1880s. (1)
(ii) The forest is situated on the total geographical area of ………….. per cent in India. (1)
(iii) ………….. is based on the notion of discrimination against other caste groups and treating them as separate from our own. (1)
(iv) Human Development Report compares countries on the basis of educational level, health is called ………….. . (1)
living standard (Per Capita’Income)
(v) The value of all final goods and services produces within a country during a particular year
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
(vi) Investments made by multinational companies (MNCs) are called ………….. . (1)
3. Very Short Answer Type Questions
(i) What do you understand by the word indentured labour? (1)
Indentured labour were Indian labourers whom the British empire sent to Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa and the Caribbean to work on sugar cane plantations for the benefit of European settlers.
(ii) What do you mean by ‘Veto’? – (1)
The power of the President to refuse to approve a bill or joint resolution which prevents its enactment into law is called Veto.
(iii) Whose statement is it that “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold”? (1)
This statement was made by Mettemich.
(iv) Suggest any one measure to prevent flood control? (1)
Building dams on rivers.
(v) What is the the name of Slash and Bum agriculture in the north-eastern states of India? (1)
(vi) Name any one Fibre crop? (1)
(vii) How many amendments did Belgium make between 1970 and 1973? (1)
Between 1970 and 1973 Belgium made four amendments.
(viii) What is meant by decentralization of power? (1)
When power is taken away from central and state government and given to local government it is called decentralization of power.
(ix) What did Carlos, Smith and Norman trio have in common? (1)
They all were Athletes.
(x) Give an example of renewable resource and non-renewable resource? (1)
Renewable resource – Forest, human, wind energy.
Non-renewable resource – Minerals and coal.
(xi) Suggest any one measure to create more employment? (1)
Setting up Small Industries in semi-rural areas.
(xii) Which is the major factor for stimulating the globalizat, n process? (1)
Rapid Improvement in technology had been one major factor that has been stimulating the globalization process. despite being an important producer of rice.
Short Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 50 Word)
What goods were traded through the silk route? (2)
Through the silk routes, goods such as- silk, spices, tea, ivory, cotton, wood, precious metals, etc.
Write the main objectives of the Treaty of Vienna? (2)
The main objectives of the Treaty of Vienna were as follows:
- To eliminate all such changes that has resulted from the Napoleonic wars.
- To re-establish the Bourbon dynasty in power, that had been deposed in the French Revolution.
- To preserve the German confederation of 39 states that Napoleon had established.
- To establish a new conservative system in Europe.
Write a note on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? (2)
On 13 April 1919, a large crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to celebrate Baisakhi.
Some people came to protest against the new repressive measures adopted by the British government, that is, imposition of Rowlatt Act. General Dyer, the Commander, in order to teach the people a lesson for violating the martial law, came in with a small military force and fired upon the unarmed men, women and children, killing hundreds of them.
What are the main objectives of Agenda-21? (2)
The objectives of Agenda-21 are as follows :
- It aims for achieving global sustainable development.
- It is an agenda to fight environmental damage, poverty, disease, etc.
- In Agenda-21 need of shared responsibilities was discussed.
Write a short note on endangered species? (2)
- These are the species which are in danger of extinction.
- The survival of such species is difficult if the negative factors that have led to a decline in their population are not checked in time.
- These species can possibly be saved by special conservation.
- Examples : Black buck, Crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, Lion-tailed macaque, etc.
Specify the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture? (2)
Under globalisation, particularly after 1990, the farmers in India have been exposed to new challenges. India,, tea, cotton, jute, spices, our agricultural products are not able to compete with the developed countries because of the highly subsidised agriculture in those countries.
Today, Indian agriculture finds itself at the crossroads to improve the condition of marginal and small farmers. Change in cropping pattern, for example, from cereals to high-value crops will mean that India will have to import food, but if India imports cereals while exporting high-value commodities, it will be following successful economies like Italy, Israel and Chile.
What were the steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to uphold the majority issue? (2)
- In 1956, an act was passed under which, Sinhala was recognized as Sri Lankan official language. No consideration was given to Tamil language.
- The government followed preferential policies which favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
- The new constitution stipulated that state would protect and promote Buddhism. All these government measures increased the feeling of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils.
What do you understand by federal system of government? (2)
Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided among a central authority and
various constituent units of the country.
The two levels of government are:
- One is government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest.
- In other level are the governments at the provinces or states that look after the day to day administration of the state.
- Both levels enjoy their power independent of each other.
Explain how social division and politics are inter-twined? (2)
The combination of social division and politics is very dangerous and explosive. Democracy
involves competition among various political parties. This competition divides the society. These social divisions bring the political division. At last, this causes conflict, violence, and even disintegration of the country. For example, the Catholic Nationalists wanted Northern Ireland to be unified with the Irish Republic, while the Protestant Unionists wanted it to remain with the United Kingdom.
What do you mean by sustainability of development? (2)
Sustainability of development means that development should take place without damaging the environment and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations. Here, the natural resources should be used in such a way that environmental balance is also maintained.
Clarify the difference between public sector and private sector with an example? (2)
|Private Sector||Public Sector|
|1. In the private sector, ownership of assets and delivery of services are in the hands of private individuals or companies. For example-Tata Iron and Steel Company, Reliance Industries Ltd., DPS Society.||1. In the public sector, the government owns most of the assets and provides all the services. For example-Post Office, Indian Railways, Indian Airlines, All India Radio.|
|2. The motive of private sector is to earn profit||2. The motive of public sector is to increase the facilities for public welfare.|
|3. The decisions, regarding production and distribution, are taken by owners or managers of companies.||3. The decisions, regarding production and distribution, are taken by government.|
|4. Due to the motive of earning profits, it does not invest funds to construct structures and infrastructres of public utility.||4. Due to the motive of public welfare, it invests funds to construct structures and infrastructure of public utility, e.g. construction of roads, bridges, canals, railways, harbours, dams, school and college buildings, generation of electricity etc.|
Discuss any two sources of credit in the formal sector in India? (2)
The sources of credit in the formal sectors of credit in India are-Bank and co-operatives.
They charge lesser rates on interest than informal sources of credit. The Reserve Bank of India supervises the functioning of formal sources of loans Social welfare is the primary motive for formal sources.
Mention any two reasons for putting barriers to foreign trade by the Indian government? (2)
Indian government put barriers to foreign trade after independence because of the following reasons:
- To protect the domestic producers within the country from foreign competition in the form of imports.
- To encourage more production of goods so that more industries can be started.
- To prevent economic colonialism from controlling of Indian economy.
Long Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 100 Words)
Write the features of Napoleonic code. (3)
Features of Napoleonic code are :
- Napoleonic code is also known as civil code.
- Civil code was introduced by Napoleon in 1804.
- This code was exported to the regions under French control.
- Napoleon simplified administrative division.
- Napoleon abolished the feudal system and freed peasant from serfdom and manorial dues.
- It regulated in the Dutch republic, in Switzerland, in Italy apd Germany.
- Napoleonic code did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
- A common national currency would facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another.
Write the features of Zollverein union. (3)
Features of Zollverein union are :
- In 1834, a customs union or Zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia.
- It was joined by most of the German states.
- The aim of Zollverein was to bind the Germans economically into a nation.
- The Union abolished the tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to only two.
- The creation of network of railways further stimulated mobility harnessing economic interests to national unification.
- A wave of economic nationalism strengthened the nationalist sentiments growing at the time.
- It helped to awaken and raise national sentiment through a fusion of individual and provincial interests.
- The German people realised that a free economic system was the only means to engender national feeling.
According to you, how do dams help us in conserving and managing water? (3)
Dams are very useful for us. Today dams are built not just for irrigation but for electricity
generation, water supply for domestic and industrial uses, flood control, recreation and for inland navigation.
(i) Flood Control – Dams help us to manage water through we prevent the loss of life and property caused by flooding. Dams impound flood water and than either release them under control to the river below the dam or store or divert the water for other use.
(ii) For Water Storage – Dams create reservoirs throughout the year that supply water for many uses including industrial, municipal and agricultural.
(iii) Dams also help us for irrigation during the dry season.
(iv) Dams help us to control the debris and provide enhanced environmental protection.
(v) With help of dams, we store rainwater during rainy season and use it during dry season.
Suggest any three safety precautions of flood. (3)
Safety precautions to be taken for flood :
(i) Listen to radio/TV for the latest weather bulletins and flood warning, pass on the information to others.
(ii) Make a family emergency kit which should include a portable radio, torch, spare batteries, a first aid kit with medicines, dry food items, drinking water, matchbox, candles and other essential items.
(iii) Keep your cash, jewellery, valuables, important documents, etc. safely.
(iv) Do not enter into flood water.
(v) Do not allow children to play in or near flood water.
(vi) Stay away from sewerage line, gutters, drains, etc.
According to you how communalism is a challenge? Write any three arguments? (3)
Communalism : Communalism is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interests at the cost of other communities. This happens when beliefs of one religion are presented as superior to those of other religions and when state power is used to establish domination of one religious group over the rest.
Communalism can pose challenge in the following ways-
(i) Quest for Political Dominance : People of a particular religion often want the maximum ‘ representation of their religion in politics. They want elected representatives in the political system to be from their religion. This often results in domination of those belonging to the
majority religious community. People of the minority communities then demand a separate political unit for themselves.
(ii) Political Mobilisation on Religious Lines: Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. It involves the use of sacred religious symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and also fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together.
(iii) Communal Riots, Violence and Massacre : Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form in communal riots, violence and massacre. For instance, India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of the partition. The Post-Independence period has also seen large-scale communal violence.
Write your three suggestions to remove caste inequality. (3)
Suggestions to remove caste inequalities :
(i) Make Caste Inequality a Political Campaign Issue-Despite being important to the electorate, caste inequality is absent from major political campaigns as they are unsustainable but in the loud political discourse that assaults us non stop in the run up to the general election none of major parties has made fighting against caste inequality a real issue in their campaigns.
(ii) Give a Voice to Oppressed Groups : We can tackle bias against caste and gender first of all by recognising the value and dignity of all work. We should also provide a greater voice to traditionally oppressed and suppressed groups by enabling unions and associations and making public and corporate private activity more transparent and accountable to the common people.
(iii) Improve the Balance of Mass Media: The media in India plays a role in sustaining inequality. Thus, we must take measures to reduce corporate take ever and manipulation of mass media.
How can you say that money eliminates the need for double coincidence of wants? Explain with an example of your own. (3)
Double co-incidence of wants is the most difficult problem of barter system. Double co-incidence means that goods in possession of two different persons must be useful for each other and needed by each other. If wants do not match exactly between the two, no exchange will take place. Money solves the problem of co-incidence. It acts as an intermediate in the exchange process.
Example: Amit has a spare pair of shoes and wants to buy some wheat and sell shoes. So, it is very difficult for Amit to find such a person who wants his shoes and agrees to solve his problem. Only money is accepted as a medium of exchange, commonly. Now, Amit sells the spare pair of shoes in the market and get money. After that, he can buy wheat with this money. So, money has solved the problem of double co-incidence of wants.
Money, by providing the crucial intermediate step, eliminates the need for double co-incidence of wants. It is no longer necessary for the shoe-maker to look for a farmer who will buy his shoes, and at the same time, sell him wheat. All he has to do, is to find a buyer for his shoes. Once he has exchanged his shoes for money, he can purchase wheat or any other commodity, from the market.
Prove with your arguments that self-help-groups are the building blocks of organization of the rural poor. (3)
Means of self-help groups Self-help groups have emerged recently, to help formal credit system. These groups promote savings by asking for a minimum contribution from each member of die group. Credit is sanctioned to the needy members of the group. Credit is sanctioned to be repaid in small instalments. These groups help the rural people in improving their economic condition.
Arguments that self-help groups are the building blocks of organization in rural poor :
Self-help groups consist of certain members who pool their savings and constitute a fund which is further used in making finance and advances available to other members. A typical self-help group has 15 to 20 members. The members pool their savings and after some time, it becomes a large amount which is used to give loans to the needy ones at a very nominal rate of interest. This helps to reduce the functioning of informal sectors informal sectors of credit.
- Self-help groups help borrowers to overcome the problem of lack of collateral.
- Self-help groups provide timely loans for a variety of purposes and at a reasonable interest rate.
- Self-help groups help in organising rural poor people.
- Self-help groups help women to become financially self-reliant.
- The meetings of self-help groups provide a platform to discuss and act on various social issues, such as- health, nutrition, domestic violence, etc.
Essay Type Questions : (Word limit 250 Word)
Describe the contribution of Mahatma Gandhi in the national movement of India. (4)
Contribution of Mahatma Gandhi in the national movement of India
Mahatma Gandhi is perhaps the most widely recognised figure of the Indian nationalist movement for his role in leading non-violent civil uprising against a tyrannical British rule in India. Mahatma Gandhi led many movements against British government with his strategy of non-violence. Some of the movements organised by Gandhiji as mentioned below
(i) Satyagraha : After arriving in India Mahatma Gandhi successfully organised satyagraha movement in Champaran (Bihar), Kheda (Gujarat) and Ahmedabad (Gujarat) Satyagraha was a noble method of standing for truth.
(ii) Non-cooperation movement: Mahatma Gandhi declared that if Indians refused to cooperate, British rule in India would collapse within a year and Swaraj will come.
(iii) Salt March : Mahatma Gandhi found that salt is a powerful symbol that could unite the nation. So, Mahatma Gandhi started the Dandi March ceremonially and violated the law by manufacturing salt by boiling sea water.
So we can say that Mahatma Gandhi was a person who not only led the National movement but also organised many movements which were instrumental in uniting the Indians.
Describe the Civil Dis-obedience Movement. (4)
Mahatma Gandhi declared that Swaraj would not come for India for a hundred years if Indians supported Britishers. Salt March or Dandi March was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement. People were now asked not only to refuse co-operation with the British but also to break colonial laws. Thousands in different parts of the country broke the salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories. As the movement spread, foreign cloth was boycotted and liquor shops were picketed, peasants refused to pay revenue and Chaukidari taxes, village officials resigned and in many places, forest people violated forest laws going into reserved forests to graze their cattle in pasture-land.
Explain the different phases of second movement for democracy in Nepal? (4)
The Second movement started in April 2006 when King Gyanendra dismissed the prime minister and dissolved the popularly elected parliament. This movement was aimed at regaining popular control over the government from the king. All major political parties in Parliament formed a Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and called a four- day strike in Kathmandu, the country’s capital. Soon, Maoists and other organisations also joined the strike. People defied curfew to take to the streets. The security forces found themselves unable to take on more than a lakh people who gathered almost everyday to demand restoration of democracy.
The leaders were rigid on three demands (i) Restoration of Parliament (ii) Power to an all-party government, (iii) A new constituent assembly. The number of protesters reached between 3 to 5 lakh on 21 April and they served an ultimatum to the king. The leaders of the movement rejected the half hearted concession made by the king. On 24 April, the last day of the ultimatum, the king was forced to concede all the three demands, the SPA chose Girija Prasad Koirala as the new Prime Minister of the interim government.
They restored parliament next and passed laws taking away most of the powers of the king. The SPA and the Maoists came to an understanding about how the new constituent assembly was going to be elected. This struggle came to be known as Nepal’s second movement for democracy. This struggle of the Nepali people is a source of inspiration for democrats all over the world.
What are movement groups? Explain the types of movements groups? (4)
Movement groups : Movements groups are organisations which start a movement to achieve a specific goal or issue.
Types of Groups:
(i) Pressure Groups : Pressure groups are organisations that try to influence government policies. They have no direct control over political power. These organisations are formed by the people of common occupation, opinions and objectives.
The main characteristics of pressure groups are the following :
- Pressure groups exist in all the countries. But, they have more opportunities to play an active role in democratic countries.
- They work in an organised manner to get their interests fulfilled through government and administration.
- To promote their interests, they try to influence government policies and programmes.
- They are non-political in character.
- They are extra-constitutional bodies.
- They never feel obliged towards any individual or institution.
(ii) Sectional Groups : The groups of people who seek to promote the interests of a particular section of society are called ‘Sectional interest groups’. For example- Trade Unions, Business Associations and Professional Groups, etc.
Features of sectional groups :
- They seek to promote the interests of a particular section of society.
- They are sectional groups because they represent a section of a society.
- They promote selective good and are concerned only about the interests of their section of the society. (1)
- Their principal concern is the betterment and well-being of their members, not of society in general.
- Trade unions, business associations and professional bodies are some examples of this type.
(iii) Public Interest Groups : The groups that promote the interests of the people of society are known as ‘Public Interest Groups’. These interests may be of a particular section of the society or of the society as a whole. They work for the general good of the society. They work for collective interests and not for selective interests. Their activities are beneficial for the entire society. For example, BAMCEF.
Features of public interest groups :
- They seek to promote the collective interests rather than selective ones.
- They are public groups because they represent the general people of the society.
- They promote collective good and are concerned with welfare of the entire society and not just their own members.
- A group fighting against bonded labour fights not for itself but for all those who are suffering under such bondage.
- In some instances, the members of a public interest group may undertake activities that benefit them as well as others too. For example, BAMCEF.
Mark the following in the given outline map of India : (4)
Mark the following in the given outline map of India : (4)