Students must start practicing the questions from RBSE 10th Social Science Model Papers Set 1 with Answers in English Medium provided here.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Model Paper Set 1 with Answers in English
Time: 2:45 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
General Instruction to the Examinees:
- Candidate must first write his/her Roll No. on the question paper compulsorily.
- All the questions are compulsory.
- Write the answer to each question in the given answer-book only.
- For questions having more than one part, the answers to those parts must be written together in continuity.
Section – A
1. Objective Type Questions
(i) Where was the Congress session of September 1920 held? 
(ii) In which of the following years, was the Civil Code, also known as the Napoleonic Code, framed? 
(iii) Which countries organized a group called G-77 ? 
(a) Developing Countries
(b) Developed Countries
(c) Undeveloped Countries
(d) All of these.
(a) Developing Countries.
(iv) In Which one of the following type of resources is copper? 
(v) Which of the following soils is most fertile? 
(vi) In which of the following years was the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act implemented? 
(vii) Which of the following are a major caste-group of Sri Lanka? 
(a) Sinhalas and Muslims
(b) Buddhists and Hindus
(c) Sinhalas and Tamils
(d) Sinhalas and Christians
(c) Sinhalas and Tamils.
(viii) As per language policy of Government of India, which one of the following statements is true regarding the status of Hindi language? 
(a) Hindi has been accepted as the mother tongue of all the Indians
(b) Hindi is the official language
(c) Hindi is our national language
(d) None of these.
(b) Hindi is the official language.
(ix) What does caste hierarchy mean? 
(a) A shift from rural areas to urban areas
(b) Shift from one occupation to another
(c) A ladder-like formation in which all caste groups are placed from the highest to the lowest
(d) All of these.
(c) A ladder-like formation in which all caste groups are placed from the highest to the lowest.
(x) Among the following criteria, which one is the basis to measure the development of a country, according to the World Bank? 
(a) Per capita income
(b) Net attendance ratio
(c) Literacy rate
(d) Life expectancy.
(a) Per capita income.
(xi) Which one of the following is an activity of the secondary sector? 
(xii) Investment made by Multinational Companies is called : 
(a) Foreign Investment
(c) Trade barriers
(d) None of these.
(a) Foreign Investment.
2. Fill in the Blanks
(i) The long distance spread of …………… germs may be traced as far back as the seventh century CF„ 
(ii) The dimensions of in India are staggering. 
(iii) Social divisions based on are peculiar to India. 
(iv)…………….. at birth denotes low death rate at birth. 
(v) GDP is the total value of produced during a particular year. 
All final good and services.
(vi) Removing barriers or restrictions set earlier by the government on foreign trade known as……………… 
3. Very Short Answer Type Questions :
(i) What do you understand by the word Nationalism? 
Nationalism is a feeling of political consciousness and unity among the people of a state. It is the feeling of devotion, love and patriotism for one’s own nation.
(ii) What do you mean by G-77? 
G-77 was a group of 77 developing countries which did not benefit from the fast growth, which the western economies experienced in the 1950s.
(iii) ‘The people must seize their own freedom.’ Who had given this slogan? 
(iv) Name any two techniques of rooftop rainwater harvesting. 
- Recharge through hand pump.
- Recharge through abandoned dugwell.
(v) What is the name of slash and bum agriculture in South-Eastern Rajasthan. 
(vi) Write the names of any two fibre crops grown in India. 
(vii) Which language was recognised as the only official language of Sri Lanka in 1956? 
In 1956, an act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language.
(viii) Define the term ‘Federalism’.
Federalism is a system of government in which powers are divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the nation.
(ix) In which country are there little ethnic differences?
In Germany, the society is fairly homogeneous. In other words, it has little ethnic differences.
(x) How can the alluvial soil be classified on the basis of age?
On the basis of its age, the alluvial soil is divided in two parts :
- Khadar (New alluvial).
- Bangar (Old alluvial).
(xi) Suggest any one way to create employment opportunities in rural areas? 
Employment can be generated by:
- identifying, promoting and locating industries and services in semi-rural areas.
- Bank loan facility for agri sector is cheaper.
(xiii) Why do MNCs set-up their offices and factories in those regions where they get cheap labour and other resources? 
To minimise cost of production and maximise profit earnings, MNCs set-up their offices and factories in regions where they get cheap labour and other resources.
Section – B
Short Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 50 Words)
Mention any four factors responsible for indentured labour. 
Four factors responsible for indentured labour were :
- Decline of cottage industry in India.
- Increase in land rents.
- Loss of cattle due to Rinderpest in Africa.
- Unemployment and poverty.
Explain the ideology of liberalism which was developed in the early nineteenth- century Europe. 
For the few middle classes, liberalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law. Politically, it emphasised the concept of government by consent. In the economic sphere, liberalism stood for the freedom of markets and the abolition of state-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital.
What was Chauri-Chaura incident ? What action was taken by Mahatma Gandhi on hearing about the incident ? 
At Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur, a peaceful demonstration in a bazaar turned into a violent clash, in which more than 20 policemen were killed. It took place on 5th February, 1922. On hearing about the incident, Mahatma Gandhi called for a halt on the Non-cooperation Movement.
What is sustainable development? 
Sustainable development means development that should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations.
‘Humans depend on the Ecological system for their own existence.’ Explain. 
Like all plants and animals, human beings are also a distinct part of an ecological system. We humans are just a part and very much dependent on this system for our own existence. For example—the plantv animals and micro-ogranisms recreate the quality of air we breathe, the water we drink and the soil that produces our food, without which, we cannot survive.
Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest D of the farmers. 
Various institutional reforms introduced by the government in the interest of the farmers include collectivisation, consolidation of holding, co-operative societies, abolition of zamindari system, crop insurance, establishment of Grameen Banks, Kisan Credit Card Scheme, declaration of minimum support price etc.
Explain the term community government in reference to Belgium. 
Apart from the central and the state government, there is a third kind of government in Belgium i.e. community government that caters to the needs of a single linguistic community.
Define Federalism. Explain the two levels of government found in Federalism. 
Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
The two levels of government are :
- One is government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest.
- In other level are the governments at the provinces or states that look after the day to day administration of the state.
“The combination of politics and social divisions is very dangerous and explosive”. Explain. 
The combination of politics and social divisions results in political divisions and leads to conflict, violence and disintegration of the country. The combination of politics and social division has led to the killing of countless people due to violent conflict. This combination was also responsible for the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries.
How can a developmental goal for one be destructive for the other? Mention one suitable example. 
Developmental goals can be acquired at the cost of degradation, depletion of natural resources. For example, ground water is a renewable resource but in case of overuse, the level can deplete. Non-renewable resources (coal, petroleum etc.) are those which will get exhausted after a few years of use.
Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation. 
Public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation in the following manner:
- Public sector helps in preparation of strong industrial base,
- It generates employment opportunities.
- It provides basic and essential facilities.
- It provides financial support for development.
- It provides all the necessary facilities, such as- food, clothes, housing and health facilities, at a reasonable rate.
Why is currency accepted as a medium of exchange? 
Currency is accepted as a medium of exchange because it is authorised by the government of the country. It cannot be refused in settling transactions. For example, no” individual in India can legally refuse a payment made in rupees. Hence, in India, the rupee is widely accepted as a medium of exchange.
Why are MNCs spreading across the borders? Give two reasons. 
MNCs are spreading across the borders because of the following reasons :
- These multinational companies are set up for better profits. They spread across the borders to get more and more profits.
- They spread acorss the border to get cheap skilled and unskilled labour and other resources. This is done with a view that in such areas, the cost of production would be low and their chances of profit would be greater.
Section – C
Long Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 100 Words)
What were the major proposals of Vienna Congress? 
What changes did Napoleon introduce to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him. 
In 1815, representatives of Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia met at Vienna, to draw up a settlement for Europe. The Congress was hosted by the Austrian Chancellor Duke Mettemich. The major proposals of Vienna Congress were :
(i) The Bourbon dynasty, which had been deposed during the French Revolution, was restored to power, and France lost the territories it had annexed under Napoleon.
(ii) Prussia was given important new territories on its western frontiers, while Austria was given control of northern Italy.
(iii) In the east, Russia was given part of Poland, while Prussia was given a portion of Saxony.
(iv) The German confederation of thirty-nine states, that had been set up by Napoleon, was left untouched.
What steps should be taken to conserve our water resources? 
“Growing population is responsible for water scarcity.” Explain. 
(i) We must check the furry of floods, more and more dams should be constructed so that extra water is stored which can later on ‘ be used for irrigating land, for increasing food production and for banishing famines.
(ii) Such rivers which cause floods should be linked with other rivers which usually have very little water in them.
(iii) Rainwater must not be allowed to flow into the sea.
(iv) More and more tanks should be constructed which can be filled with water, before it flows into the sea and is wasted.
(v) Some scholars suggest that we should prepare our national water budget just as we prepare our finance budget.
State different forms of communal politics with one example each. 
Why is India called a secular state? Explain. 
Communalism can take the following forms in politics :
(i) Communalism can be seen in everyday beliefs. It involves religious prejudices, one religion’s superiority over other religions. Militant religious groups are its example.
(ii) A communal mind desires political dominance for its own religious community. For example, the separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir.
(iii) The most ugly form of communalism is communal riots, violence and massacre. For example, India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of partition.
“Money eliminates the need for double co-incidence of wants.” Explain this statement. 
What are the reasons for formal credit not being available to the rural poor? Explain. 
Double co-incidence of wants is an essential feature of barter system. In a barter system, goods are exchanged without the use of money. What a person desires to sell, is exactly, what the other person wishes to buy. Imagine how much more difficult it would be, if a shoe manufacturer had to directly exchange shoes for wheat, without the use of money. He would have to look for a wheat growing farmer, who wants to buy the shoes in exchange of wheat. That is, both parties have to agree to sell and buy each others’ commodities.
Money, by providing the crucial- intermediate step, eliminates the need for double co-incidence of wants. It is no longer necessary for the shoe-maker to look for a farmer who will buy his shoes, and at the same time, sell him wheat. All he has to do, is to find a buyer for his shoes. Once he has exchanged his shoes for money, he can purchase wheat or any other commodity, from the market.
Section – D
Essay Type Questions : (Word Limit 250 Words)
Discuss the Salt March to make clear why it was an effective symbol of resistance against colonialism. 
Explain the Non-cooperation movement. 
Mahatma Gandhi launched his Civil Disobedience Movement with his famous Dandi March (or Salt March) on March 12, 1930.
The Salt March started from Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhiji marched on foot to a small village Dandi (Gujarat), on the Western Coast of India. He was accompanied by 78 followers. He reached Dandi on April 6, 1930 and there, he broke the salt laws.
(i) To break any British law was surely an important step against colonialism. Especially, when such a law, as salt law was broken, it had a far wider repercussion on the whole structure of colonialism because salt, being a commodity of every individual’s consumption, was one of the most essential items of food. The tax on salt and the government monopoly was seen as an oppressive act of the colonial government.
(ii) Over the whole journey of 240 miles from Gandhiji’s Ashram in Sabarmati to Dandi, thousands of people came daily to hear Mahatma Gandhi, who told them the meaning of Satyagraha and Swaraj and urged them to defy the British peacefully.
(iii) On April 6, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi and his volunteers manufactured salt by boiling sea water. It was an open challenge, to the British laws. This marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Thus, the Salt March proved to be an effective symbol of resistance against colonialism.
Describe in brief the chief features of the struggle for democracy in Nepal. 
Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government. 
1. Geographical Position:
Nepal is a Himalayan kingdom in South Asia. It is a land locked country. It shares a common boundary with India in the North. Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world lies in Nepal.
Nepal won democracy in 1990. The king was made the constitutional monarch while the real powers went into the hands of elected representatives. King Birendra of Nepal was killed in a mysterious massacre of the royal family in 2001. Then the King Gyanendra was not willing to accept democratic rule. In February 2005, he dismissed the Prime Minister and dissolved the Parliament.
In April 2006, a movement was started to restore democracy. All the major political parties formed a Seven Party Alliance (SPA). The Maoists and other organisations also joined hands in the movement.
4. Establishment of Democracy:
24 April 2006 was the last day of ultimatum. The king was forced to accept the demands. Girija Prasad Koirala was appointed-the new Prime Minister of the interim government.
This struggle is known as Nepal’s second movement for democracy.
Mark the following in the given outline map of India: 
Mark the following in the given outline map of India : 
(D) Gulf of Kachchh