Students must start practicing the questions from RBSE 10th Social Science Model Papers Set 6 with Answers in English Medium provided here.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Model Paper Set 6 with Answers in English
Time: 2:45 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
General Instruction to the Examinees:
- Candidate must first write his/her Roll No. on the question paper compulsorily.
- All the questions are compulsory.
- Write the answer to each question in the given answer-book only.
- For questions having more than one part, the answers to those parts must be written together in continuity.
Section – A
1. Objective Type Questions
(i) When did the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre take place? 
(a) 13 th April 1916
(b) 13th April 1918
(c) 13th April 1919
(d) 13 th April 1927
(c) 13th April 1919
(ii) In which year was a custom union or ‘Zollverein’ formed at the initiative of Prussia? 
(iii) Which of the following laws allowed the British Government to restrict the import of com? 
(a) Com Laws
(b) Com Act
(c) Food Act
(d) Import Laws
(a) Com Laws
(iv) Under which of the following types of resources can tidal energy be put? 
(v) In which of the following states is black soil found? 
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(vi) Which of the following species is an endemic species of Arunachal Pradesh? 
(c) Gangetic Dolphin
(d) Wild Pig
(vii) Which one of the following minority communities is relatively rich and powerful in Belgium? 
(viii) Indian Federation has: 
(a) 25 States and 7 Union Territories
(b) 33 States and 5 Union Territories
(c) 27 States and 11 Union Territories
(d) 28 States and 8 Union Territories
(d) 28 States and 8 Union Territories
(ix) Which of these was a social reformer? 
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) B. R. Ambedkar
(c) Jyotiba Phule
(d) All of these
(d) All of these
(x) Development of a country can generally be determined by: 
(a) its per capita income
(b) its average literacy level
(c) health status of its people
(d) all the above.
(d) all the above.
(xi) Which one of the following occupations is not associated with primary sector? 
(a) Basket weaver
(xii) Which of these is an Indian MNC? 
(c) Tata Motors
(d) All of these
(d) All of these
2. Fill in the Blanks
(i) Indian traders and moneylenders also followed ………….. into Africa. 
(ii) ………….. is one of the well published wildlife campaigns in the world which was launched in 1973. 
(iii) The most common form of ………….. is in everyday beliefs. 
(iv) A good way to measure the quality of life in countries across the world is by comparing their …………… 
human development index.
(v) National institution for Transforming India was formed on ………….. 
1 st January 2015.
(vi) ………….. is the initiative of developed countries to liberalise organisation. 
World Trade Organisation.
3. Very Short Answer Type Questions
(i) What was the importance of Lahore Congress Session of 1929? 
In December 1929, under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of ‘Puma Swaraj’.
(ii) Name the countries comprising the Axis powers in the Second World War. 
Germany, Japan and Italy.
(iii) When was Germany declared an independent nation? 
(iv) Name any three states where rooftop rainwater harvesting is practised. 
- Tamil Nadu.
(v) Write the name an average temperature of a crop which is used as food and fodder. 
Maize, 18°- 27°.
(vi) What is the main function of the Food Corporation of India? 
The Food Corporation of India (FCI) procures foodgrains from the farmers at the government announced minimum support prices.
(vii) Which country do ‘Indian Tamils’ belong to? 
‘Indian Tamils’ belong to Sri Lanka.
(viii) Which subject belongs to the Concurrent list. 
(ix) What was the similarity between Smith and Carlos? 
Both were African-Americans.
(x) What are Biotic Resources? 
Resources which are obtained from biosphere and have life are called biotic resources.
(xi) What is meant by secondary sector? 
The sector that includes activities in which natural products are changed into other forms through manufacturing is called secondary sector.
(xii) Analyse the contribution of communication technology in globalisation. 
Communication technology has provided us with fast means of communication through which information can be sent, received or processed at a very rapid pace. This has linked the world and facilitated globalisation.
Section – B
Short Answer Type Questions: (Word Limit 50 Words)
Why did thousands of people flee from Europe to America in the nineteenth century? 
Thousands of people fled from Europe to America because of the following reasons:
- Until the nineteenth century, poverty and hunger were common in Europe.
- Cities were crowded and deadly diseases were widespread.
- Religious conflicts were common and religious dissenters were persecuted.
What were the reactions of the local population towards the French rule in the areas conquered? 
Initially, in many places, the French armies were welcomed as harbingers of liberty. But, the initial enthusiasm soon turned to hostility, as it became clear that the new administrative arrangements did not go hand in hand with political freedom. Increased taxation, censorship, forced conscription into the French armies, etc. all seemed to outweigh the advantages of the administrative changes and were vehemently opposed by the local people.
What were the arguments of Gandhiji behind Non-cooperation Movement? 
Mahatma Gandhi declared, that British rule was established in India with the cooperation of Indians and had survived only because of this cooperation. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule in India would collapse within a year, and swaraj would come.
Write the steps involved in the process of Resource Planning. 
- Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country. This involves surveying, mapping, quantitative and qualitative estimation and measurement of the resources.
- Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up, to implement the resource development plans.
- Matching the resource development plans with overall national development plans.
Distinguish between Normal and Endemic species. 
|Normal Species||Endemic Species|
|1. These are species whose population levels are considered to be normal for their survival.||1. These are species which are only found in some particular areas which are usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers.|
Cattle, Sal, Pine, Rodents, etc.
Andaman teal, Nicobar Pigeon, Andaman Wild Pig, Mithun, etc.
What is commercial farming? Mention any two commercial crops and their producing states. 
The type of farming in which crops are grown mainly for selling in the market, is called commercial agriculture.
- Tea produced in Assam and North Bengal.
- Sugar cane produced in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana.
What measures were adopted by the leaders of Sinhalese community to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority? 
The leaders of Sinhalese community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. For this purpose, the democratically elected government adopted a series of ‘majoritarian’ measures to establish Sinhalese supremacy.
What constitutional change took place in Belgium in 1993 regarding the relationship between the Centre and the regions? 
In 1993, the regional governments were given constitutional powers, so that they were no longer dependent on the Central government. Thus, Belgium was converted from a unitary to federal type of government.
Do you think that social differences happen only in big countries like India? 
It does not matter whether the country is big or small. Social divisions exist in all types of countries in one or another form. India is a big country and Belgium is small, but both suffer from social division. Even the countries, like Germany and Sweden, that were once highly homogeneous, are now facing a rapid change due to the influx of people from other parts of the world.
Mention few examples of environmental degradation that you may have observed around you. 
- Industrial waste and other pollutants washed into river basins like Ganga and Yamuna.
- Deforestation in Terai, Sunderbans and other forest regions.
- Emission of smoke and carbon fuel gas from factories and motor vehicles in urban areas (towns and cities).
Workers are exploited in the unorganised sector. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer. 
Yes, I agree with this view that workers are exploited in the unorganised sector. The reasons are as follows:
- Unorganised sector does not follow government rules and regulations.
- In this sector, workers are engaged in low-paid jobs, which are often, not regular.
- There is no employment security.
- They have to work overtime, for which, they are not paid.
Write some benefits of deposits with banks. 
People deposit their extra cash with the banks, by opening a bank account in their name. The benefits of deposit with banks are as follows :
- Banks pay an amount as interest on the deposits.
- Banks accept the deposits. In this way, people’s money is safe with the banks.
- People also have the provision to withdraw the money when they require.
- Payment can be made by cheque in place of cash. For this, banks issue a cheque book to their account holders.
How would flexibility in labour laws help companies? 
In the following way, flexibility in labour laws help companies:
- Companies employ workers only on a temporary basis, so that they do not have to pay workers for the whole year.
- It reduces the cost to employer because they pay less to the employees.
- Workers, also, have to put in very long working hours and work night shifts on a regular basis, during the peak season. In this way, companies make large profits.
Section – C
Long Answer Type Questions: (Word Limit 100 Words)
By the last quarter of the 19th century, nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal – democratic sentiment of the first half of the 19th century, but became a narrow creed with limited ends. Explain. 
Explain the process of unification of Germany. 
- Nationalist groups became increasingly intolerant of each other, and ever ready to go to war.
- The major European powers, in turn, manipulated the nationalist aspirations of the subject peoples in Europe to further their own imperialist aims.
- Many great powers were involved in the Balkans power struggle. The Balkan region became an area of intense conflict.
- The rivalries among the European powers over trade and colonies were increasing day by day.
- There were a series of wars among big powers like Russia, Germany, England, etc. which finally led to the First World War.
- The German confederation of thirty-nine states, that had been set up by Napoleon, was left untouched.
From your everyday experiences, write a short proposal on how you can conserve water. 
Why in recent years, multipurpose projects and large dams have come under great scrutiny and opposition? 
We can conserve water through the following ways:
- We can form a group of water-conscious people and encourage our friends and neighbours to be part of this group.
- We can also promote water conservation in community newsletters and on bulletin boards.
- We should close the tap after brushing our teeth or washing our face.
- We should use the bucket and mug for bathing, instead of showers.
- We should avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily.
- We should make sure that our home is leak-free. Many houses have leaking pipes, that go unnoticed.
- While washing the vehicles, we should use water from a bucket instead of hose pipe.
What efforts have been made for gender empowerment in India? 
How does religion influence the political set up in our country? Explain. 
Earlier, only men were allowed to participate in public affairs, to vote and contest for public offices. Gradually, the gender issue was raised in politics. Women in different parts of the world organised campaigns and agitated for equal rights. More radical women’s movements aimed at equality in personal and family life.
The question of political mobilisation also helped to improve women’s role in public life. Now, women are working in various fields of life. According to Feminists, unless women control power, their problem will not get adequate attention. Panchayati Raj is also an important step in this direction.
Manav needs a loan to set up a small business. On what basis will Manav decide whether to borrow from the bank or the moneylender? Discuss. 
In situation with high risks, credit might create further problems for the borrower. Explain. 
On the following basis, Manav will decide, whether to borrow from the bank or the moneylender :
1. Rate of Interest:
First of all, Manav will make a comparison between the rates of interest of both, the bank and the moneylender. Manav will prefer to take the loan from one, who offers a lower rate of interest.
2. Conditions for loan:
Manav considers the terms and conditions for loan of both- the bank, and the moneylender. Manav will prefer the one who offers:
- easy terms and conditions.
- easy and affordable instalments.
- Less paper work, etc.
Manav would decide to take loan from the bank as it offers- low rate of interest, simple terms and conditions, less paper work, easy instalments etc.
Section – D
Essay Type Questions: (Word Limit 250 Words)
List all the different social groups which joined the Non-cooperation Movement of 1921. Then choose any three and write about their hopes and struggles to show why they joined the movement. 
What were the factors responsible for the gradual slowdown of the non-cooperation movement in the cities? 
1. The different social groups which joined the Non-cooperation Movement of 1921 are :
- Middle-class people in towns, like students, teachers, doctors, lawyers, etc.
- Political parties except the Justice Party of Madras, the party of Non-Brahmans.
- Peasants in rural areas.
- Plantation workers.
- Tribal people.
(a) Middle-Class People in Towns:
The middle-class people in cities responded to the call of Swaraj. Thousands of students left government- controlled schools and colleges, teachers resigned and lawyers gave up their legal practices, merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. Foreign goods were boycotted by middle class people. The middle-class people in the towns took part in this movement because they saw the movement as a way to freedom from foreign domination.
(b) Peasants in Rural Areas:
From several rural areas, peasants joined the Non-cooperation Movement. The movement was primarily against landlords and talukdars. They had taken part in this movement because they hoped that by doing so, they would be saved from both, the oppressive landlords and the high revenue taxes of the British Colonial Government.
(c) Plantation Workers:
Plantations workers joined the movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. They also stood to gain by this movement. They had taken part in this agitation with the hope that they would get the right to move freely in and outside the confined space of the plantation. They hoped that once swaraj came everyone would be given land in his own village.
“Popular struggles do not end with the establishment of democracy, they are an integral part of the working of a democracy.” Explain this statement with reference to the struggle in Bolivia. 
What are pressure groups? Explain the main characteristics of a pressure group. 
The popular struggle for establishing democracy in Nepal and the people’s struggle against privatisation of water in Bolivia remind us that popular struggles are integral to the working of democracy:
- It is only in democracy that different individual groups can express their feelings. If they do not agree with policies of the government, they can oppose it with all their might. They can start struggles to achieve their goal.
- As you have seen in the case of Nepal, many organisation were involved in the struggle other than political parties.
- The protest against water privatisation in Bolivia was not led by any political party. It was led by an organisation called FEDECOR.
- This organisation comprised local professionals, including engineers and environmentalists. They were supported by a federation of farmers also.
- The struggle in Bolivia involved claims on an elected democratic government, while the struggle in Nepal was about the foundations of the country’s politics.
- Both these struggles were successful.
Mark the following in the given outline map of India. 
Mark the following in the given outline map of lndia. 
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