Students must start practicing the questions from RBSE 10th Social Science Model Papers Set 8 with Answers in English Medium provided here.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Model Paper Set 8 with Answers in English
Time: 2:45 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
General Instruction to the Examinees :
- Candidate must first write his/her Roll No. on the question paper compulsorily.
- All the questions are compulsory.
- Write the Answer to each question in the given Answer-book only.
- For questions having more than one part, the Answer to those parts must be written together in continuity.
1. Objective Type Questions
(i) In which city did Mahatma Gandhi launch satyagraha in 1918? 
(ii) Who is the most popular among the freedom fighters of Italy ? 
(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) all of these.
(a) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(iii) Which of the following diseases was spread in America by the Spanish soldiers? 
(b) Small pox
(b) Small pox
(iv) Which of the following resources belong to the nation? 
(a) National Resources
(b) Developed Resources
(c) Biotic Resources
(d) Abiotic Resources.
(a) National Resources
(v) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised? 
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(vi) Which of the following species is endangered? 
(a) Manipur deer
(b) Indian rhino
(d) All of these.
(d) All of these.
(vii) Which of the following is the capital city of Belgium? 
(d) None of these.
(viii) Which is the most diverse country in the world according to language? 
(ix) In which of the following countries, the female participation in public life is not so high? 
(x) Who published the Human Development Report? 
(d) World Bank.
(xi) The task of collection of data in all the three sectors of the economy is done by which of the following organisations. 
(xii) In which year, the Indian government decided to remove barriers on foreign trade and foreign investment ? 
2. Fill in the Blanks
(i) The disease of …….. that came from Europe spread deep into the American continent. 
(ii) The main Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in ……… with various provisions for protecting habitats. 
(iii) ……… prohibits any caste-based discrimination. 
The constitution of India.
(iv) ………. gives a better comparison. 
Per capita income
(v) Protection and support to workers in the ……………sector is necessary for economic and social development. 
(vi) …….. has played on important role in globalisation. 
3. Very Short Answer Type Questions
(i) Who first introduced satyagraha in Indian National Movement? 
(ii) What was Rinderpest ? 1
Rinderpest was a fast-spreading disease among cattle.
(iii) What did Mazzini believe? 1
Mazzini believed that God had intended nations to be the natural units of mankind.
(iv) When does water stress occur according to Falken Mark?
According to Falken Mark, a Swedish expert, water stress occurs when water availability is between 4,000 and 1,600 cubic metre per person per year.
(v) Name any two plantation crops produced in India. 
(vi) Mention any two tea producing states of India. 
(i) Assam, (ii) West Bengal.
(vii) In which year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country? 
(viii) What is rural local self-government popularly known as? 
Rural local self-government is popularly known as Panchyati Raj.
(ix) In which year were Olympic Games held in Mexico? 
(x) What are shelterbelts? 
Rows of trees which are planted in between the crops are known as shelterbelts.
(xi) ATM is an example of which sector? 
ATM is an example of Tertiary sector.
(xii) What do you meant by globalisation? 
Globalisation is the process of interconnection between countries of the world.
Short Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 50 Words)
What was Rinderpest ? How did it affect the lives of Africans? 
Rinderpest was a devastating cattle disease which arrived in Africa in the late 1880s. It killed 90 per cent of the cattle. The loss of cattle destroyed African livelihoods. Planters, mine owners and colonial governments now successfully monopolised what scarce cattle resources remained, to strengthen their power and to force Africans into the labour market. Control over the scarce resource of cattle enabled European colonisers to conquer and subdue Africa.
Compare the views of liberals and conservatives. 
Comparison between the views of liberals and conservatives-
|(1) Most of the people of middle classes followed the principle of liberalism.||(1) Most of the people who belonged to upper classes or associated with them followed conservatism.|
|(2) Liberalism argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, but did not believe in universal adult suffrage.||(2) They believed in autocracy.|
Write a short note on the portrait of Bharat Mata painted by Abanindranath Tagore. 
The image of Bharat Mata was painted by Abanindranath Tagore in 1905, In this painting, Bharat Mata is portrayed as an ascetic figure; she is calm, composed, divine and spiritual. The mother figure is shown as dispensing learning, food and clothing.
What are the differences between the alluvial soil found in the upper course of rivers and that found in the lower course? 
|Alluvial Soil in the Upper Course||Alluvial Soil ha the Lower Course|
|(i) The soil particles are bigger in size.||(i) The soil particles are smaller in size.|
|(ii) The soils are more coarse.||(ii) The soils are less coarse.|
|(iii) This soil is less fertile.||(iii) This soil is more fertile.|
How are the large-scale development projects responsible for the loss of forests? 
Large-scale development projects have contributed significantly to the loss of forests. Since 1951, over 5,000 sq.km, of forest has been cleared for river-valley projects. Clearing of forests still continues with running projects like the Narmada Sagar Project in Madhya Pradesh, which would inundate 40,000 hectares of forests.
Give an account of production regions of wheat. 
Two important wheat production regions of India are The Ganga- Satluj plains in north-west India, and black soil region of the Deccan. The important wheat producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and a part of Madhya Pradesh.
What was the cause of tension between Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities? 
The French-speaking minority community was relatively rich and powerful. On the other hand, the Dutch-speaking community got the benefit of economic development and education, much later. This created a tension between both communities.
What do you mean by ‘Holding together Federation’? 
Holding together Federation is a federation where a large country
decides to divide the power between the national (Centre) government and the governments of the States. This type of Federation is seen in India, Spain and Belgium.
Do you think that social differences happen only in big countries like India? 
It does not matter whether the country is big or small. Social divisions exist in all types of countries in one or another form. India is a big country and Belgium is small, but both suffer from social division. Even the countries, like Germany and Sweden, that were once highly homogeneous, are now experiencing social division due to the influx of people from other parts of the World.
What is per capita income? Mention any two limitations of per capita as an indicator of development. 
Per capita income is calculated as the total income of a country divided by its total population.
Money cannot buy all the goods and services that are needed to live well. So, income by itself is not a completely adequate indicator of the overall well being of people. Per capita income also does not show the economic inequality among the population.
Compare the rate of growth of the tertiary sector with other sectors in terms of GDP and employment. 
Over the forty years between 1973 and 2013, production in all the three sectors-Primary, Secondary and Tertiary has increased, but, it has increased the most in the tertiary sector. Therefore, the tertiary sector has become the largest producing sector in India, replacing the primary sector. It generates most of employment opportunities and increases the GDP, more, in comparison to other sectors.
Why do you think that the share of formal sector credit is higher for the richer households compared to the poorer households ? 
The share of formal sector credit is higher for the richer households, compared to the poorer households, because they are more educated than rural people. They are more aware than rural or poor people, about the facilities provided by the government and they know that banks provide loans at a lower rate of interest. Besides, the rich have collateral ‘ security to deposit in the bank against the loan and have proper documents, while the poor do not have such things.
How has liberalisation of trade and investment policies helped the globalisation process? 
(i) Liberalisation of trade removes barriers of trade, and due to this, import and export between countries has become more easier. It helps in the process of globalisation.
(ii) Relaxation of rules and regulations, encourages MNCs to invest in other countries, and this is a part of globalisation.
(iii) Liberalisation makes MNCs free, to expand their market in other countries. This too, is the process of globalisation.
Long Answer Type Questions : (Word Limit 100 Words)
Describe Count Cavour and the part played by him in the unification of Italy. 
Who were Marianne and Garmania? What the importance of the way in which they were portrayed? 3
Count Camillo de Cavour Camillo de was the Chief Minister of the Sardinia-Piedmont (Italy). He was a great administrator and an able reformer. The real credit for the unification of Italy goes to Count Cavour. He dedicated himself to achieve his goal of independence and unification of Italy. For this purpose, he took recourse to shrewd diplomacy. He took sides in many wars to persuade other states like Lombardy,. Modena, Parma and Tuscany, to throw off the Austrian yoke and join Sardinia. Before he died, he had unified the whole of Italy under Sardinia, except the Papal territories of Venetia and Rome. The historians bestow upon him, the honour of being ‘The Bismarck of Italy’.
What is water scarcity and what are its main causes? 
Explain how modem adaptations of traditional rainwater harvesting methods are being carried out to conserve and store water. 3
Following causes are responsible for growing scarcity of water, in India :
(i) Increasing Population: Increasing population of India is one of the main factors responsible for the scarcity of water.
(ii) Industrialisation: Post-independence, India witnessed intensive industrialization. The ever-increasing number of industries has made matters worse, by exerting pressure on existing fresh water resources. Industries, along with being heavy users of water, require a lot of power, which is produced from water. This is one of the main factors responsible for the scarcity of water.
(iii) Over-exploitation of Water Resources: Over-exploitation of water is another factor responsible for the scarcity of water. To facilitate higher food-grain production, water resources are being over-exploited to expand irrigated areas and dry-season agriculture. There are many states, such as Punjab and Haryana, which have over-exploited their water resources.
(vi) Pollution of Water: Pollution of water resources is another factor which is responsible for water scarcity. Domestic and industrial waste, chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers used in agriculture are the main factors responsible for the pollution of water.
Describe any five features of the caste system in India. 
Suggest any three measures to integrate the people belonging to different ethnic groups in a society. 
Five features of the caste system in India : Following are the five features of the caste system in India.
(i) It was a hierarchical occupational division of the society.
(ii) Caste system is both hierarchical and segmented.
(iii) Most important aspect of caste system is ‘untouchability’.
(iv) In caste system, the people belonging to higher castes started treating others as belonging to lower castes and then started the practice of untouchability.
(v) In caste system, the members of the same caste group formed a social community that followed similar occupations, married within the caste and did not mingle with other castes.
Name two formal and two informal sources of credit in India. State any three advantages of formal sources of credit. 
Explain the role of credit for economic development.
Two formal sources of credit are bank and cooperatives and two informal sources of credit are moneylenders and traders. The advantages of formal sources of credit are:
(i) It provides loans at a fixed rate and terms.
(ii) It gives loans not just to profit-making businesses and traders but also to small cultivators, small-scale industries and small borrowers etc.
(iii) Cost of borrowing is less and hence they promote borrowing and thus, more economic growth.
(iv) There is no exploitation as in the case with the informal sectors.
Essay Type Questions : (Word Limit 250 Words)
What was the Khilafat Movement? Why did Gandhiji support the Khilafat Movement? 
Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the non-cooperation movement? 
The Khilafat Movement was started by the famous Ali Brothers, Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, in 1919. The Ottoman Turkey was defeated in the First World War and a harsh peace treaty was going to be imposed on the Ottoman emperor the spiritual head of the Islamic world (the Khalifa). To protest this injustice done to Turkey and to defend the Khalifa’s temporal powers, a Khilafat Committee was formed in Bombay (Mumbai) in March 1919 to launch the Khilafat Movement.
Support of Gandhiji:
(i) As the satyagraha against Rowlatt Act was limited to cities and towns, Mahatma Gandhi felt the need to launch a more broad-based movement in India. But, he was certain that no such movement could be organised without bringing the Hindus and Muslims closer together. One way of doing this was to convince other leaders to start a Non-cooperation Movement in support of the Khilafat Movement.
(ii) A young generation of Muslim leaders, like the brothers Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, began discussing with Mahatma about the possibility of a united mass action on the Khilafat issue. Gandhiji saw this as an opportunity to bring Muslims under the umbrella of a unified national movement.
How do pressure groups and movements exert pressure on politics? Explain with an example. 
Write the note on the water war of Bolivia.
Pressure groups try to gain public support and sympathy for their goals:
(i) They often organise protest activity like strikes.
(ii) Business groups often employ professional lobbyists.
(iii) Some persons from movement groups may participate in official bodies and committees that offer advise to the government.
(iv) In some instances, the pressure groups are formed or led by the leaders of political parties.
(v) Sometimes political parties grow out of movements.
(vi) In most cases, the relationship between parties and interest groups is not so direct.
(vii) They often take positions that are opposed to each other.
Mark the following in the given outline map of India: 
Mark the following in the given outline map of India :