These comprehensive RBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 1 Resource and Development will give a brief overview of all the concepts.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resource and Development
1. Resources : Everything available in our , environment which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable, can be termed as resource.
2. Classification of resources :
(a) On the basis of origin –
- biotic, and
(b) On the basis of exhaustibility –
- renewable, and
(c) On the basis of ownership –
- national, and
(d) On the basis of status of development –
- stock, and
3. Sustainable development : Sustainable economic development means development should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generation.
4. Resource planning : Resource planning is a complex process which involves :
(a) Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country.
(b) Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional setup for implementing resource development plans.
(c) Matching the resource development plans with overall national development plans.
5. Conservation of resources : Conservation of natural resources means judicious and planned use of natural resources so that we can get the maximum possible benefit from these resources over the longest possible period of time.
6. Land resources : Land is a natural resource, which supports natural vegetation, wild life, human life, economic activities, transport and communication systems. However, land is an asset of a finite magnitude, therefore, it is important to use the available land for various purposes with careful planning.
7. Land use pattern : The use of land is determined both by physical factors such as topography, climate, soil types as well as human factors such as population density, technological capability and culture and traditions etc.
8. Land degradation : Rendering the land unfit for cultivation is called degradation of land.
9. Soil as a resource : Soil is the most important renewable natural resource. It is the medium of plant growth and supports different types of living organisms on the earth. The soil is a living system.
10. Glassification of soils : India has varied relief features, land forms, climatic realms and vegetation types. These have contributed in the development of various types of soils :
- Alluvial soil – This type of soils are found in Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra river valley basins.
- Black soil – These soils are black in colour and are also known as regur soils.
- Red and yellow soils – These soils develops on crystalline igneous rocks in the areas of
low rainfall in the eastern and the southern parts of the Deccan plateau. –
- Laterite soil – This soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall.
- Arid soil – These soils range from red to brown in colour. This is generally sandy in texture and saline in nature.
- Forest soil – These soils are found in the hilly and mountainous areas where sufficient rain forests are available.
11. Soil erosion : The removal of the soil by the forces of nature particularly by wind and water, is called soil erosion.
12. Ways of conserving soil resource : Crop rotation, terrace farming, strip cropping etc. are some ways of conserving soil resources.