These comprehensive RBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy will give a brief overview of all the concepts.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
The movement of goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations necessitates the need for transport.
Means of transport – A system of transport by which passengers and goods are carried from one place to another. E.g., rail, bus, truck etc.
Land transport – India has one of the largest road networks in the world. In India, roadways have preceded railways. In India roads are classified into 6 classes according to their capacity –
- Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways,
- National Highways
- State Highways
- District roads
- Other roads and
- Border roads.
Road density – The length of road per hundred sq. km of area is known as road density.
Railway transport – Railways are the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India. The length of Indian Railways is 68442 km according to 2017-18.
Pipeline – Pipeline transport network is a new arrival on the transportation map of India. These are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertilizer factories and big thermal power plants.
Waterways – Waterways are the cheapest means of transport. They are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods.
Major sea ports – India is dotted with 12 major and 200 medium and minor ports.
Airways – The air travel is the fastest, most comfortable and prestigious mode of transport. It can cover very difficult terrains like high mountains, deserts, dense forests and also long oceanic stretches with great ease.
Communication – Personal communication and mass communication including television, radio, press, films etc. are the major means of communication in the country.
International trade – The trade between two countries is called international trade. It may take place through sea, air or land routes. In India more than 15 million people are directly engaged in the tourism industry thus contributing crores of rupees for foreign exchange.