Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 16 National Security
According to a concept four elements are essentially included in the formation of any nation-land, population, sovereignty and government. To maintain the integrity of nation or for the security of nation’s territories army are an integral organ and essential part of a nation Indian army is pride of our nation. Indian soldiers have earned fame in the world due to their bravery and sacrifice challenges before nation Challenges of security are always and there in front of India. These challenges are present at different levels. Our enemy create threat and dangers not only on territories but they penetrate the security plan and put efforts to create challenges by terrorist activities in the internal parts of the nation. To solve these different types of challenges arrangements of security at different levels are established.
India is surrounded by Pakistan in west and China in north. These nations have attacked on India. India has dispute over territories with these nations. Pakistan has indirect war through terrorism with India. Some of the parts are the victim of naxalites and separatists. We can see in two ways.
1. External Security and
2. Internal Security
It means security at the border of the country. ‘First Security Line’ is in the form of army to protect borders during war, and to be a little away from border during peace time. And ‘Second Security line’ Border Security Force, Coastal security force, Indo Tibetan border police and other forces keep a watch on the bordering areas by petroling and check the illegal intrusion of terrorists, intruders, smugglers to cross the border.
The Indian Armed Forces Its three wings are:
- Infantry (Army) fight on land.
- Navy – fight on coastal borders.
- Air Force- Keep watch on sky territories and helps infantry and Navy during war.
All the three forces have their separate Chiefs. President of India is the Supreme Commander of three Armed forces.
The Indian army is well trained and equipped with the latest nuclear weapons and the powerful and the latest weapons. It is well disciplined and powerful force of the world. Its achievements can be enumerated as – A befitting reply to the enemy forces in 1962, 1965, 1971 and 1999. Under the banner of U.N.O, the Indian army (peace forces) contributed to the world peace. During earthquakes, riots, floods etc. army helps the citizen’s administration.
Indian army needs to be well equipped with modern ammunition’s, military techniques and training. India is heading towards self sufficiency in making Indian technique based ammunition’s under the banner of DRDO (Defence and Research Development Organisation. Powerful missiles as Prithvi, Agni, Tank. Fighter planes etc. are being manufactured in India.
Defence Guards of India:
- Sukhoi 30 MKi: A twin engine multi-role aircraft developed by Russia’. It is all weather long range fighter.
- Brahmos Missile: It is a joint venture of Russia and India with operational range of 290 km. It can target sea and land from land, sea, sub-sea and sky.
- I.N.S Vikramaditya: The largest ship carrier, with area equal to three times area of football ground. It can carry 24 aeroplanes of MIG 29 size. It has a run-way also.
- T- 90 S Bhishma Tank: Its range is 5 km. It is immune to any chemical, biological and radio active attack. It is equipped with remote control system. If a bomb collide with them radiations coming out of it do not harm the forces inside the tank.
- I.N.S. Chakra-2: It is a water submarine equipped with atomic reactor, can remain in the sea water upto the depth of
- 600 mts, continuously for three months.
Paramilitary Forces and Border Security:
To protect and safeguard 15200 km land border and 7516 km sea border of India during peace time against terrorists, smugglers and intruders, there are paramilitary forces.
B.S.F (Boarder Security Forces) are posted at land border adjoining Pakistan and Bangladesh, ITBF (Indo-Tibetan Border forces) at north-east mountain region along the China border, and coast guard force along the sea boundary.
Besides to help armed forces there are Provincial army, National Cadet corps (N.C.C) Civil Defence etc. organisation are prepared. To get military education students can join N.C.C at school and college level.
Police and other special paramilitary forces maintain Internal security and they are under the state governments. Some of the security forces for maintaining Internal Security are:
- G.R.P (Government Railway Police) and R.P.F (Railway Police Force) to protect railway property and to check crime in trains and on the railway stations.
- CRPF (Central Railway Police Force) to help state police when required.
- C.I.S.F (Central Industrial Security Force) safeguards important industrial enterprises and airports.
- S.P.G (Special Protection Group) for the security of prominent persons such as Prime Minister and President.
Duties of the Citizens for the Security of the Country:
- To inspire youth to join army and Paramilitary forces.
- Not to leak out any secret information and to give secret document to the foreigners. Police should be informed of spying activities if any.
- To supply foodstuffs, medicines and other necessities to our forces which fighting at the border and to boost their moral.
- Help the people not to lose their courage during war time.
- Help to maintain civic safety system as black out, first aid, fire-brigade etc.
- Help army and administration in following their orders and guidelines.
- No black marketing and hoarding of essential goods and reporting to the police of such people who are indulged in such activities.