Rajasthan Board RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Power Sharing InText Questions and Answers
Page – 2
I have a simple equation in mind. Sharing power = dividing power = weakening the country. Why do we start by talking of this?
I do not agree with the idea that sharing of power makes any country weak. In fact, power sharing makes the country strong. Belgium is a good example of it.
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What’s wrong if the majority community rules ? If Sinhalas, don’t rule in Sri Lanka, where else will they rule ?
In the age of democracy, where autocratic tendencies are instantly rejected and protested against, the single rule of the majority could lead to resentment on the part of minority. This resentment is caused when the minority sections are deprived of participation in making policies which ultimately affect their lives and development. Hence, in the case of Sri Lanka, it’s not right to assume that Sinhalas, by way of their majoritarianism, can rule the entire country’ at the cost of the rights of minorities. There is a problem if the majority rule becomes oppressive with time and denies soci-economic opportunities to the minority.
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Annette studies in a Dutch medium school in the northern region of Belgium. Many French-speaking students in her school want the medium of instruction to be French. Selvi studies in a school in the northern region of Sri Lanka. All the students in her school are Tamil-speaking and they want the medium of instruction to be Tamil. If the parents of Annette and Selvi were to approach respective governments to realize the desire of the child who is more likely to succeed? And why?
- Belgium government can fulfill the desire of Annette’s parents.
- There are greater chances of success for Annette. Because in Belgium, accepting the regional and cultural diversities, the equal representation in power has been given to French and Dutch-speaking communities.
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In my school, the class monitor changes every month. Is that what you call a power-sharing arrangement?
According to us the changing of class monitor is not the power-sharing arrangement, this is only a kind of responsibility which is given to a student on the basis of his ability.
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Here are some examples of power sharing. Which of the four types of power sharing do these represent? Who is sharing power with whom ?
(i) The Bombay High Court ordered the Maharashtra state government to immediately take action and improve living condi¬tions for the 2,000-odd children at seven children’s homes in Mumbai.
(ii) The government of Ontario state in Canada has agreed to a land claim settle¬ment with the aboriginal community. The Minister responsible for Native Affairs announced that the government will work with aboriginal people in a spriit of mutual respect and cooperation.
(iii) Russia’s two influential political parties the Union of Rigth Forces and the Liberal Yabloko Movement, agreed to unite their organisations into a strong rigth-wing coalition. They propose to have a common list of candidates in the next parliamentary elections.
(iv) The finance ministers of various states in Nigeria got together and demanded that the federal government declare its sources of income. They also wanted to know the formula by which the revenue is distributed to various state governments.
(i) This post comes under the sharing of power between various organs of governance. Here the power sharing between the judi¬ciary and the executive is taking place.
(ii) It is an example of the sharing of power between various social groups. Here the power sharing between the native community and the goverment is taking place.
(iii) It is an example of power sharing by various pressure groups, political parties, hit groups and agitations. Here, power is being shared between two influential political parties.
(iv) This is an example of power sharing at various levels of government. There is a sharing of power between the federal gov
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Power Sharing Textbook Questions and Answers
What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.
Forms of Power Sharing There are different ways of power sharing in modem democratic arrangements.
1. Horizontal Distribution of Power:
Power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. None of the organs can exercise unlimited power. Each organ checks the others.
2. Vertical Distribution of Power:
Power can be shared among governments at different levels. In India we refer to it as the central government for the entire country and the state government for the states. The same principle can be extended to levels of government lower than.the state government, such as the municipality and panchayat. This is called vertical division of power.
3. Distribution of Power among Different Social Groups:
Power may also be shared among different social groups. ‘Community Government” in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement.
4. Power Sharing through Political Parties:
In modern democracies we find competition among different kinds of political parties. Pressure groups and interest groups control or influence those who are in power.
State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.
In India, the horizontal power of distribution is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary . Vertical distribution of power is shared between central and state governments. With this the participation of diverse social groups has been ensured in power. For this the participation in power has been ensured through the reservation system of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes women and other backward classes (OBC). The horizontal and vertical distribution of power in India is the moral reason. Power sharing reduces the possibility of conflict among social groups by giving them participation through reservation system is prudential reason.
After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Thom man: Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mathayi: Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.
Ouseph: Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.
We are agreed with the views of Ouseph that every society needs power sharing, if it is small or does not have social division. Since laws affect all the people which are made by government, it is essential to follow them, so everyone must give his/her participation in formation of laws.
The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
The decision of ‘Merchtem’ a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools does not match the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing. In Belgium 59% people speak Dutch and 40% speak French. It will create disbelief among French and Dutch speaking people. With the decision of Mayor, the society will be partitioned on the basis of language.
Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people.
Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.
Giving right to Panchayats would reduce corruption and increase administrative skills.
Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power-sharing:
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays decision making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country.
Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
(a) A B D F
(b) A C E F
(c) A B D G
(d) B C D G
(a) A, B, D, F
A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French – speaking community.
B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A. B, C and D
(b) A, B and D
(c) C and D
(d) B, C and D
Match List-I (forms of power sharing) with List-II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists :
|1. Power shared among different organs of government||A. Community govern-ment|
|2. Power shared among governments at different levels||B. Separation of powers|
|3. Power shared by different social groups||C.Coalition government|
|4. Power shared by two or more political parties||D. Federal government|
(a) D A B C
(b) B C D A
(c) B D A C
(d) C D A B
Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below :
A. Power sharing is good for democracy.
B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Which of these statements are true and false?
(a) A is true but B is false
(b) Both A and B are true
(c) Both A and B are false
(d) A is false but B is true
(b) Both A and B are true.