These comprehensive RBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries will give a brief overview of all the concepts.
RBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
Manufacturing – Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing:
Importance of Manufacturing – Manufacturing sector is considered as the backbone of development in general and economic development in particular. e.g., Sugar from sugarcane.
Contribution of industries to national economy – Over the last two decades, the share of manufacturing sector has stagnated at 17% of Gross Domestic Production. This is much lower in comparison to some east Asian economies, there it is 25-35%.
Industrial locations – Industrial locations are complex in nature. These are influenced by availability of raw material, labour, capital, power and market etc.
Agglomeration economies – Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies.
Classification of Industries –
1. On the basis of source of raw materials used :
- Agro based – cotton, jute, rubber, sugar etc.
- Mineral based – iron and steel, cement, aluminium.
2. According to their main roles :
- Basic or key industries – iron and steel, copper, copper smelting.
- Consumer industries – sugar, toothpaste, paper etc.
3. On the basis of capital investment.
4. On the basis of ownership.
- Public sector – SAIL, BHEL etc.
- Private sector – TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd. etc.
- Joint sector – Oil India Ltd. etc.
- Cooperative sector – Sugar industry in Maharashtra.
5. Based on the bulk and weight of raw materials and finished goods.
- Heavy industries – Iron and steel
- Light industry – Electrical industry
Industrial pollution and environmental degradation – Industries are responsible for four types of industrial pollution – air pollution, water pollution, thermal pollution, noise pollution. Control of environmental degradation –
- Minimizing use of water for processing.
- Harvesting of rainwater to meet water requirements.
- Treating hot water and effluents before releasing them in rivers and ponds.