RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 6 Development of Cattle and Diary Farming are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 6 Development of Cattle and Diary Farming.
|Chapter Name||Development of Cattle and Diary Farming|
|Number of Questions Solved||41|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 6 Development of Cattle and Diary Farming
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
What is the percentage of animal husbandry of India in Rajasthan?
What is the contribution percentage of animal husbandry in the State Gross Domestic Product?
How much percentage of wool of India is produced in Rajasthan?
Where is the Tharparkar Cow breed found?
How many families of the State (Rajasthan) are engaged in agriculture related activities?
(a) 2 lac
(b) 4 lac
(c) 5 lac
(d) 7 lac
How many fairs are organised in Rajasthan?
What was the number of veterinary hospitals in Rajasthan in 1951?
What was the number of the District Milk Associations by the end of 2006 in Rajasthan?
Very Short Answer Type Questions
How much percentage of sheep in the country does Rajasthan has?
Rajasthan possesses about 25% of the total sheep in the country.
How many tons of milk was produced in 1989-1990 in the Rajasthan State?
In 1989-90, 20 lakh tons of milk was produced in Rajasthan.
How many tonnes of goods are transported through railways and trucks?
Railways and trucks transport 30 crore tonnes of goods in the country.
In which areas of Rajasthan are the Rathi cows found?
The Rathi cows are found mainly in the North-West regions as Sriganganagar, Bikaner and Jaisalmer.
Which livestock is called the ‘Marino of India’?
Chokala or Shekhawati sheep is called the ‘Marino of India’.
What is the average annual yield of wool from the Magra breed?
Average annual yield of wool from the Magra breed is 2 kg.
What is Pugal?
Pugal is a sheep breed from the Pugal tehsil of Bikaner.
Where is the Gir cattle breed found in Rajasthan?
Gir cattle breed is found in the South-Eastern parts i.e. Ajmer, Bundi, Chittorgarh and Kota districts.
Short Answer Type Questions
Write about different sheep breeds found in Rajasthan.
The sheep breeds of Rajasthan are –
- Jaisalmeri – It is found in Jaisalmer.
- Nali – It gives good wool yield and is found in Hanumangarh, Churu, Bikaner and Jhunjhunu districts.
- Malpuri – It is also known as the Indigenous breed and is found in Jaipur, Tonk, Dausa, Karauli and Swaimadhopur districts.
- Magra – Its wool yield is almost 2 kg annually. This breed is famous in Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Churu, Nagaru etc.
- Pugal – Its origin is associated with the Pugal tehsil of Bikaner.
- Marwari Breed – Rajasthan has the largest number of this breed i.e. 45%. This breed is found mainly in Jodhpur, Barmer, Pali, Dausa, Jaipur etc.
- Chokla or Shekhavati – It is also known as the Marino of India. Its wool yield is of the top grade and its yield varies between 1 to 1.5 kg per year.
- Sonari (Chanother) – It is found in Banswara, Bhilwara, Dungarpur and Udaipur districts. When it grazes on field its ears touch the ground.
Write an account on Dairy Development in Rajasthan.
Dairy Development programmes are being conducted in Rajasthan with the Cooperation of the National Dairy Development Board, under the dairy development policy of Rajasthan. Rajasthan Cooperative Dairy Federation (RCDF), Amul is promoting its development. It makes the quality milk and milk products available to the consumers. Its programmes include reform in animals health, provision for fodder, and fair price for the milk producers. Presently 16 district dairy associations are collecting milk and their daily collection capacity has been raised from 9 lakh litres to 14.30 lakh litres.
In all the districts of Rajasthan extensive dairy development programmes have been launched. 16 milk producers’ association are also assisting in this task. By the end of March 2006 the number of working milk producers’ primary cooperative samitis was 8874. The milk producers have largely benefited as a result of development of cooperative samitis. The milk producers are now getting fair price for marketing milk and milk products and they are now free from the clutches of the middle men. There are four animal fodder plants to produce fodder and to market it under the management of the Dairy federation as a result of dairy development in Rajasthan.
The following benefits have accrued –
- Increase in income and employment generation in rural areas.
- Economic benefit to the small and marginal peasants and landless labourers.
- Advantageous to the poor class, increase in the ratio of protein in the human food.
- Development of non-conventional resources of energy through bio-gas.
- More supply of milk and milk products to meet increasing demand in the urban areas.
What are the problems of the development of animal husbandry?
Problems of development of animal wealth are –
- Uncertainty of Monsoon –
Rajasthan often faces drought like situations, and as a result the animals can not get enough of fodder.
- Lack of coordination and planning –
The state government has not yet been successful in preparing a full fledged plan for the development of animal sector and there is a lack of coordination.
- Animal Health Plan –
Very often the animals become the victims of epidemics. There is no solid plan with the government to deal with such a situation.
- Lack of Animals Based Industries –
Rajasthan has sufficient of wool, milk and leather, but in the absence of industries based on them, they have to be exported or transported to the other states.
What was the aim of the Integrated Rural Development Programme?
The aim of the Integrated Rural Development Programme was removal of poverty by giving more animals to the poor families and thus adding to their income. To achieve this aim, adequate arrangement has to be made for water and fodder and the beneficiaries have also to be provided with the marketing facilities.
Write about the animal composition in Rajasthan.
Animal composition in Rajasthan in 2003:
Details of the live stock
• Cattle Breeds
• Buffalo Breeds
• Sheep Breeds
|• Goat Breeds||
|• Remaining – Camels, Horses, Donkeys, Pigs etc.||
What is ‘Gopal Programme’?
Gopal Programme was launched in Rajasthan in 1990-1991. It is a non¬government organisation. The educated youths (i.e. Gopals) of the village are trained to utilise their services. The village youth is trained in the technique of artificial insemination for cross breeding so as to enhance the use of the indigenous breed. The cattle breeders are trained to feed their animals in their own stalls and not to leave the animals for outside grazing.
What is integrated animal development programme?
Integrated Animal Development Programme was introduced in the beginning of the 8th plan period in the Jaipur and Bikaner divisions but presently it is in operation in 21 districts including Kota, Jaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer and Udaipur. About 749 sub centres have been established in these districts. The main programmes of this plan are regarding animal health, artificial insemination, non-description of the uselessly loitering bulls, distribution of the seeds of the technically developed quality fodder.
What are the aims of the Dairy Development Technology Mission?
Aims of the Dairy Development Technology Mission are to –
- Enhance rural employment and income by adopting modern technology for increasing production and reducing investment.
- Increase availability of milk and milk products.
Long Answer Type Questions
Give an account of different programmes related to animal wealth development.
Animal Wealth Development Programmes are:
- Gopal Programme:
It was launched in 1990-1991. The educated rural youths are trained in artificial insemination for cross breeding to increase the use of the indigenous breed.
- Sheep Breeding Programme:
Many programmes have been started to improve quantity and quality of the sheep wool and meat. Cross breeding technique is being used for Nali, Chokla, Sonari, Malpuri breeds.
- Marketing System:
Animal fairs are organised for the sale and purchase of animals, and to manage fair price for the cattle breeders for their milk and milk products. The Milk Producers Cooperative Societies have been formed to reach milk directly to the consumers, thus eliminating the role of the middle man. The animals fairs are organised by the Gram Panchayats, Municipalities and Panchayat Samitis. Presently 50 animal fairs are held in the state and 10 of them are organised at the state level by the animal husbandry department.
- Animal Health:
New veterinary hospitals have been opened in the state for the protection of animals against the diseases. In 1951 there were 147 veterinary hospitals. In 2001-02 the state had 12 poly clinics, 22 first grade veterinary hospitals, 1386 veterinary hospital, 285 animal clinics and 1720 sub centres, besides 34 district investigation laboratories. Plans are on the cards to start 80 mobile veterinary units to make available door to door services to the animal breeders.
- Integrated Animal Development Programme –
It was started with the eighth plan in Jaipur and Bikaner divisions. Presently there are 21 districts with 749 sub centres, conducting the programme of looking after animals’ health, artificial insemination, non-description of the useless bulls etc.
- Animal Rearing and Research –
During the second five year plan period two veterinary colleges were opened in Bikaner and Jaipur. The Indian Agriculture Research Council has established sheep research centres in Bikaner and Suratgarh. The wool and sheep training school has been set up in Jodhpur. With the assistance of the World Bank, the Rajasthan Animal Health Management Institute has been established at Jamdoli, to give special technical training to the veterinary doctors and officers.
- Dairy Development Programme in The State –
Dairy Development programmes are being conducted in Rajasthan with the Cooperation of the National Dairy Development Board, under the dairy development policy of Rajasthan. Rajasthan Cooperative Dairy Federation (RCDF), Amul is promoting its development.It makes the quality milk and milk products available to the consumers. Its programmes include reform in animals health, provision for fodder, and fair price for the milk producers. Presently 16 district dairy associations are collecting milk and their daily collection capacity has been raised from 9 lakh litres to 14.30 lakh litres.
Write about the significance of animal husbandry in Rajasthan.
Animal – The following factors are the indicators of the significant role of the animal husbandry in Rajasthan –
- Contribution in the State Gross Domestic Product –
The animal husbandry has its share of about 9% in the State Gross Domestic Product.
- Poverty Eradication –
Animal rearing has been duly recognised as a programme of poverty eradication. Efforts were made to increase the income of the poor families by giving them milch cows, as a part of the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP).
- Employment Creation –
Cattle rearing opens opportunities for employment generation and increase in income. Many families especially the small and marginal farmers and farm labours, in the desert and the semi desert regions rear the cattle and they have been carrying on this profession for a long time.
- Dairy Development –
It is by virtue of the animal wealth that the rural milk producers are connected with the urban milk users and thus milk is supplied to meet the demand of the urbans for milk and to add to the income of the rurals. Rajasthan produces 10% of the total milk production in the country.
- Means of Transportation –
Rajasthan has powerful draft cattle. The bullocks, bulls, camels, donkeys and ponies are used in agriculture and many other projects to transport heavy weight. They carry about 35% weight of the total weight of the country. The rails and trucks in the country transport about 30 crore tonnes of weight whereas the bullock carts carry about 70 crore weight.
- Supply of Manure –
Cattle rearing becomes a source of manure for the agriculture. Currently vermi-compost manure is being prepared from the animals dung.
- Animals are also the source of leather and various hides.
Give a description of different animal breeds of Rajasthan.
Animal Breeds of Rajasthan are:
- Nagauri –
This breed is associated with the Sahalak region (Nagaur). Oxens of this breed are found mainly in Jodhpur, Nagaur and its neighbouring districts. This breed yields of is less.
- Kankrej –
This breed is commonly found in the south-west parts of Rajasthan – Barmer, Sirohi and Jalore districts. The cows of this breed provide 5-101 of milk per day. The oxen of this breed are powerful draught cattle. Therefore this breed is popular as Dual purpose cattle project.
- Tharparkar –
Its original place is Malani (Barmer). The cows of this breed are known for high milk potentials. It is known as the ‘Malani Breed’ in the local areas.
- Rathi –
This breed is found mainly in the North-Eastern parts of Rajasthan – Sriganganagar, Bikaner and Jaisalmer. The cows of this breed are known for high milk potentials but the oxen of this breed have less powerful draft.
- Gir –
This animal wealth is found in the Gir forests of Sourashtra of Gujarat. These cattle are found in the south-eastern parts of Rajasthan – Ajmer, Chittorgarh, Bundi and Kota districts.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
The Gopal programme was started in Rajasthan in –
Which breed of sheep is also known as the indigenous.
Which sheep breed gives an average yield of 2 kg. wool every day?
Draft power of the animal of Rajasthan is % of the country –
Integrated Animal Development Programme was the part of-
(a) 5th Five year plan
(b) 7th Five year plan
(c) 8th Five year plan
(d) 10th Five year plan
Which breed of cows is considered the ‘Dual Project Breed?
Which breed yields the best quality wool in Rajasthan?
Very Short Answer Type Questions
In which districts are the maximum of Marwari sheep found?
Marwari sheep are found in a large number in Jodhpur, Barmer, Pali, Dausa and Jaipur districts.
Which breed of the sheep is also called the Indigenous breed?
Malpuri sheep breed is also called the Indigenous breed.
Why are the Nali breed sheep very famous?
The Nali breed sheep are famous as they give good quality wool.
How many animal fairs in Rajasthan are organised at the state level by the animal husbandry department?
The animal husbandry department organises 10 state level animal fairs.
Where was the integrated animal development programme launched during the Eighth five year plan period?
During the eighth five year plan period the Integrated Animal Development programme was launched in Jaipur and Bikaner regions.
What does IRDP stand for?
IRDP stands for Integrated Rural Development Programme.
What does RCDF stand for?
RCDF stands for Rajasthan Co-operative Dairy Federation.
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