RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 7 Small Industries, Handicrafts, Khadi & Rural Industries are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 7 Small Industries, Handicrafts, Khadi & Rural Industries.
|Chapter Name||Small Industries, Handicrafts, Khadi & Rural Industries|
|Number of Questions Solved||52|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan Chapter 7 Small Industries, Handicrafts, Khadi & Rural Industries
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
How many people are employed in the registered small scale industries in Raj asthan?
(a) 9.5 lakhs
(b) 8.5 lakhs
(c) 10 lakhs
(d) 7 lakhs
How much percentage of animals of India does Rajasthan have?
Development expenditure on small and cottage industries during the 8th Five Year Plan in Rajasthan is –
(a) Rs. 1.98 crores
(b) Rs. 20.97 crores
(c) Rs. 47.06 crores
(d) Rs. 3.95 crores
In 1955-1966 the number of small scale industries in Rajasthan was –
The production of small scale industries in 1993-1994 was –
(a) 200 crores
(b) 2500 crores
(c) 210 crores
(d) 150 crores
What was the estimated capital investment in small scale industries in – 2005-2006?
(a) Rs. 4,368 crores
(b) Rs. 5,368 crores
(c) Rs. 6,930 crores
(d) Rs. 4,540 crores
What is the number of district industrial centres in Rajasthan?
Very Short Answer Type Questions
When was the Small Industries Development Corporation set up?
SIDC was set up on May, 20, 1986.
Write the name of the Auxiliary Institution of IDBI.
Small Industrial Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is the auxiliary institute of IDBI (Industrial Development Bank of India).
Who started the Khadi Udyog?
Khadi Udyog was started by Mahatma Gandhi.
Where is the Mayur Bidi factory located?
The Mayur Bidi factory is located in Tonk.
Where are the various products prepared from the camel hide?
Various products are prepared from the camel hide in Bikaner.
Name the place famous for Ivory works in Rajasthan.
Jaipur is famous for the Ivory works.
How many people are employed in the Gur and Khandsari Industry?
About 55,000 persons are employed in the Gur and Khandsari Industry.
When was the Khadi Udyog started?
Soon after independence the Khadi Udyog was started.
What is the category of industries with more than one crore investment?
The industries with more than one crore investment are classified as medium or heavy industries.
Short Answer Type Questions
What are Cottage Industries mean?
Cottage industries are the industries carried on by the labourers with the help of their family members in their homes or some other suitable place. The factory act does not apply to them. According to the Rajasthan State Industries Act. 1961, Cottage or gramin industries are the industries carried on by a section of the rurals, as part time or full time industries.
What is the meaning of small scale industry according to Dr. Aabid Hussein Samiti?
According to Dr. Aabid Hussein Samiti 1947, the industry with an investment upto ?3 crores is the small scale industry.
What does Handicrafts mean?
Handicrafts mean the handmade artistic goods and creations created by the hand sculptors or artisans.
What is the reservation policy for the small scale industries?
Reservation policy for small industries means to include some of the industries in the reservation list to safeguard their interests against the competition from the large scale industries.
Why did Gandhiji start the Khadi industry ?
Gandhiji started the Khadi industry with the main aim of promoting swadeshi in the country and he succeeded in this attempt.
Explain the fashion for Development programme?
The Rajasthan Khadi and Gramudyog Board has been conducting the Fashion for Development Programme. Its main purposes are to increase the productivity of the conventional industries, to expand market for the integrated development and to find solution to the problem of expenses.
Write the main purposes of the Rajasthan Khadi Gram Udyog.
Main purposes of the Rajasthan Khadi Gram Udyog are to:
- Increase production.
- Promote production technology to increase production.
- Raise quality production.
- Promote new designing scheme for the integrated development.
- Spread the use of Khadi among the youths.
- Generate employment.
- Create healthy and clean atmosphere for work.
- Increase in the minimum wages.
What is comprehensive Assistance Programme?
The government of India has launched the comprehensive Assistance Programme to help the small entrepreneurs. Small Industries Service Institution (SISI), Branch Institution and Investigation and Production centres have been established under the Small Industries Development Organisation (SIDO). In the states the Directorates for industries allot land or factory shed and give them help in the form of raw material and capital for investment.
Long Answer Type Questions
Give an account of the significance of small scale and cottage industries.
Significance of small scale and cottage industries are:
- Basis of Employment –
Small scale industries and handicrafts open employment opportunities for the people of Rajasthan. About 8.5 lakhs persons are employed in the registered small scale industries.
- More production and Employment with less investment –
In the situation of scarce capital and financial resources, it has become possible to set up small scale and cottage industries with less investment and to create employment opportunities.
- Fair Distribution of Income –
The small scale and cottage industries are owned and managed by many small entrepreneurs and often the workers play a prominent role in production and income are distributed among many heads and hands, making almost equal distribution of income.
- Balanced and All Round Development of Economy –
By developing handicrafts as well as small scale and cottage industries population burden on agriculture can be reduced and the people get alternate opportunity of production and employment. Along with the development of agriculture and industries, the state too achieves its balanced and all round development.
- Benefits of Decentralised Economy –
Unlike the large scale industries, the small scale and cottage industries are widely scattered and are not centralised in a few hands, the economy of the state becomes decentralised.
- Relief from the industrial scale problems and drawbacks –
Decentralisation of the small and cottage industries as well as handicrafts help in the widespread and closeness to each other. Consequently the industrial disputes, problems of polluted atmosphere and housing for the labour can be easily solved.
- Increase in Imports and Accumulation of Foreign Capital –
Production can be increased with less capital investment in small scale and cottage industries and handicrafts. Consequently imports will get a boost and more and more foreign currency will accumulate.
- Control of the circulation of currency –
With increase in production in small and cottage industries with less investment, supply of goods will increase in the market and the circulation of money will be brought under control.
- Reduce Regional Imbalance –
With the use of local raw material and other resources, more production with less investment, more employment and more income for the locals etc. become possible.
- Production of Artistic goods and Development of talents –
Handicrafts and small industries produce artistic goods of good quality. Consequently, the production of artistic and quality good increases, and also the artists talents and aptitudes are developed and are made good use of.
Describe the small scale and cottage industries of Rajasthan.
Small scale and cottage industries found in Rajasthan are –
(A) Agriculture based small and cottage industries
- Oil Processing Industry – It is an oil seeds based industry and provides employment to about 37,000 families in the state. Most of its units are in Bharatpur, Kota, Jaipur, Ganganagar and Pali.
- Gur and Khandsari Industry – It is the industry mostly located in the sugarcane producing districts of Rajasthan such as Kota, Bundi, Sriganganagar, Bhilwara and Udaipur besides some other districts. It employes about 55,000 persons in the state.
- Flour Mill (Industry) – It has progressed in the wheat producing areas which are mainly located in Jaipur, Bharatpur, Alwar, Kota, Swaimadhopur, Ganganagar, Tonk, Bundi and Bhilwara districts.
- PulsesIndustry-MainpulsesproducedinRajasthanareUrad,Moong,Moth, Gram and Arhar and their industrial units are in Bikaner, Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur, Bhilwara, Chittor, Pali, Bharatpur, Tonk and Alwar district.
- Rice Industry – This industry is located in the rice producing districts such as Banswara, Dungarpur, Kota-Bundi, Ganganager, Jhalawar, Baran, Swaimadhpur and Bharatpur.
- Handicrafts, Khadi Gram Udyog –
With the cooperation of the Khadi Gram Udyog Board many Khadi textiles such as Niwar, Bedsheets, towels, Dhotis etc. are manufactured. ‘
- Tie, Printing and Dyeing Industry –
In many parts of Rajasthan Tie, Dye and Print industry is in operation. Dyeing industry is located mainly in Pali and Balotara. Tie work is famous in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Kuchaman and Nagaur and Printing work is done mainly in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Barmer, Chittorgarh and Bharatpur.
- Gota-Kinari Industry –
It is a long established industry in Ajmer, Jaipur and Khandela. Mostly women and youths are employed in it.
(B) Animals based Small and Cottage Industries:
- Leather Industry –
Many artistic goods of leather are made in Rajasthan, Footwears, purses, belts, bags etc. are made from leather in Jaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur, Barmer etc. In Bikaner the Camel hide is used to make many artistic articles.
- Ivory Works –
Jaipur is known for the Ivory works. Ivory bangles are made in Jodhpur and Pali too.
- Animals Bones Crushing Industry –
Rajasthan has about 22% animal wealth of the country, and hence there are found a large amount of bones which are crushed and used as a raw material in many industries. The bone crushing factories are found mainly in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Bhilwara and Phalana.
(C) Forests based small and Cottage Industries:
- Wood Works Industry –
Rajasthan is known for its artistic creations of wooden furniture, doors and toys. The Sheesham and the Babul wood are used to make Drum, Tambourine, Tomtem and other musical instruments. Bamboo is used to make fans, baskets and wooden curtains.
- Paper Industry –
Handmade paper is prepared in Ghosoonda. Strawboard factory in Kota is being run as a small scale industry. Similar small paper units can be set up in Udaipur, Banswara, Kota, Ajmer etc.
- Bidi Industry –
Rajasthan is rich in Tendu leaf, and hence the Bidi making profession is popular in many places. The government Mayur Bidi factory in Tonk is very well developed and other Bidi making districts of Rajasthan are Jodhpur, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Tonk, Kota and Ajmer.
- Matchstick Industry –
Rajasthan produces the soft wood suitable for making matchsticks in many places such as Ajmer, Phalana and Alwar where this industry is in progress.
- Catechu (Kattha) Gum and Lac Industry –
The Khair trees in the hilly regions of the state are a good source of making Kattha. Its main production centres are Kota, Bundi, Jhalawar, Swaimadhopur, Dhaulpur and Alwar. Gum industry is based on Dhok, Babul, Khair and Kumata trees.
(D) Minerals Based Industries:
- Marble Industry –
It is flourishing mainly in Makarana, Sirohi, Rajnagar, Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Kishangarh and Jaipur. Many small industrial units of cutting, abrasing and polishing the marble have been set up.
- Building stone Industry –
In many places in Rajasthan the building stone is available in a huge quantity and many small industrial units have been set up for cutting, abrasing and polishing the stone. Main industrial centres are Kota, Ramganjmandi, Chittorgarh and Udaipur.
- Granite Industry –
Rajasthan has good quality granite in various colours. Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jodhpur have the small industrial units for cutting, abrasing and polishing it.
(E) Other Small Industries:
- Woollen Industry –
About 1.43 crore sheep in Rajasthan yield 19.5 thousand tonnes wool every year. There are 29 factories for processing it in Bikaner, Jodhpur, Osian, Sikar, Bhilwara, Kekari, Pali and Beawar.
- Chemical Industry –
Didwana has Sodium Sulphate factory and Dewari has chemical manure making factory.
- Engineering Industry –
Rajasthan has about 20 engineering industries. Important of them are Jaipur Metal factory for making meters, Ball Bearing factory, water meters factory in Jaipur. There are agricultural equipments factories in Sirohi, Chittor, Nagaur, Sojat and Digod.
Explain the steps taken by the government for the development of cottage and small scale industries.
Steps by the government for the development of small and cottage industries-
- Comprehensive Help Programme –
For helping the small entrepreneurs the government has established small industry service institution (SISI), Branch-Institution and Investigation and production centres under the Small Industries Development Organisation (SIDO). In the states the Directorates of Industries allocate land or factory shed and help in making them available raw material and capital.
- Policy of Reservation for the Small Industries –
In order to safe-guard the small units against competition from large scale units competition, production of some articles has been specified for the small industries only. Production of 836 articles has been reserved for the small sector but the government of India had decided to withdraw 250 articles from the reservation list in January, 1980 on the recommendations of S.D. Srivastava Samiti, because these industries had not recorded any development for the last many years.
- Allocation of scarce raw material –
The government takes special care in providing foreign and indigenous raw material to the small units. During the last few years the government of India has been more liberal in giving import license to the small units, through its Import-Export policy. The small units have been given more exemptions in the import of raw material, machinery and machine tools.
- Financial Assistance –
For giving various types of financial help to small industries the following government and the institutional agencies are working.
- Risk Capital:
(i) State Finance Corporation
(ii) Small Industries Corporation
- Long term and Medium term loan:
State Directorate of Industries
- Short term working capital commercial bank
- Hire Purchase scheme :
(i) National Small Industries corporation
(ii) Small Industries Development Corporation.
- Risk Capital:
Discuss the problems and remedial measures for cottage and small scale industries.
I. Problems of cottage and small industries are:
- Problems of Raw Material:
These problems are related to lack of homogenous raw material, costly raw material, inferior quality supply at the local level, and less and untimely supply due to the government control.
- Financial Problem:
Absence of cheap and sufficient finances for the industries and the handicrafts.
- Problems of safe industrial turnout:
In the absence of organised marketing systems the producers cannot get reasonable price. They have to suffer a big financial loss for selling their products through the middlemen.
- Problem of competition from large scale industries:
The small entrepreneurs have to face stiff competition in the market for getting raw material and for the sale of their production.
- Problem of electricity power supply:
In Rajasthan supply of electric power is 30% less than in demand for it. As a result production goes down due to insufficient electricity supply. Sometimes there is a long delay in giving electricity connection to the industrial units.
- Problem of development production technique:
Use of old technique in production lower the production target. Very often investment is more than production.
- Problem of sick Industries:
Many less experienced entrepreneurs misuse the money they get from the financial institutions. The industries run in loss. Consequently the industrial units become sick units thus due to lack of proper experience.
- Problem of expert management:
Generally the trained and professional persons are not appointed. The entrepreneur has to use his own discretion.
The means are often misused and there arises the problem of loss.
- Problem of certification, standardisation and production of quality goods:
The people have a general tendency to purchase the standardised goods produced by the large scale industrial units. They often suspect the quality of the production by the small industrial units.
II. Solutions or Remedial Measures:
- Cooperative system:
Problem of supply of raw material can be solved by developing the cooperative movement, so that the entrepreneurs may start production on time.
- Financial Remedy:
Government has made a provision of many financial institutions to give loan to the small scale and cottage industries at the reasonable rate of interest.
- Cooperative sales/purchase organisations:
Government should purchase the proceeds from the farmers through cooperative organisation at the fair price and the reasonable support price should be revised from time to time.
- Reservation policy for small industries:
Some industries should be included in the reservation list so as to enable them face competition from the large industries.
- Electrification of villages and towns should get priority and at the same time adequate power supply should be maintained.
- Use of new techniques:
The farmers should be encouraged to apply the latest technique and at the same time they should be trained in the proper use of those techniques.
- Efficient management:
If the agricultural activities are managed by the expert and efficient hands about 20% production capacity can be enhanced.
- Production of certified products:
Usually the people prefer to buy commodities produced by the large industries. This problem can be solved if the small scale industrial products are certified by the government.
ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS SOLVED
Multiple Choice Questions
What is the number of sub district industrial centres in Rajasthan?
Ivory bangles in Rajasthan are manufactured in –
Which of the following is the forest based industry?
(a) Wool industry
(b) Marble industry
(c) Ivory works
(d) Paper industry
Granite related industry in Rajasthan is located in –
(d) All of the above
From which tree is catechu (Kattha) made?
When did SIDBI start functioning?
Which of the below is one of the agriculture based small and cottage industries?
(a) Rice industry
(b) Flour industry
(c) Oil processing industry
(d) All of the above
When was the Rajasthan State Industries Act passed?
Textile print in Rajasthan is not done in –
The main centre of marble statues and artistic creations is
Deedwana in Rajasthan is known for having factory.
(b) Sodium sulphate
Expenditure on the development of small and cottage industries during the first five year plan period was
(a) Rs. 0.32 crores
(b) Rs. 3.25 crores
(c) Rs. 3.95 crores
(d) Rs. .95 crores
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Which four industries are included in all the three categories of industries?
The industries included in all the three categories are Cotton textile, Leather industry, Iron works industry and Wood products industry.
Which are the main centres of textile Dyeing in Rajasthan?
The main textile dyeing centres in Rajasthan are Pali and Balotara.
What is the full form of SIDO and SISI?
Full form of –
- SIDO – Small Industrial Development Organisation.
- SISI – Small Industrial Service Institution.
What was the main purpose of Mahatma Gandhi- initiated ‘Khadi Udyog’?
Gandhiji’s main purpose was to promote Swadeshi.
What is the main purpose of National Equity Fund (NEF)?
The main purpose of NEF is to revive the sick small scale industries by giving equity type of assistance.
Short Answer Type Questions
Name the various government and institutional agencies for financial assistance to small scale industries.
For giving various types of financial assistance to the small scale industries the following government and institutional agencies are in operation –
- For Risk Capital:
- State Finance Corporation
- Small Industries corporation
- For Long-Term and Medium Term Loan:
State Directorate of Industries
- For short term working capital:
- For Hire Purchase:
- National Small Industries Corporation.
- Small Industries Development Corporation.
Name the forests based cottage and small scale industries in Rajasthan.
Forests based small and cottage industries are:
- Wood products Industries
- Paper Industries
- Bidi Industries
- Matchstick Industries
- Kattha (Catechu), Gum and Lac Industries
What is NEF and what is its purpose?
NEF i.e. National Equity Fund has been instituted in partnership with the Central Government. Its main purpose is to give equity type assistance for the revival of the sick small scale units.
What is SIDF? How does it finance the small scale industries?
SIDF i.e. Small Industries Development Fund was instituted by the Indian Industrial Development Bank on 20th May, 1986 to promote the development of small industries. Amount of money to this fund was transferred from the general fund of the Industrial Development Bank of India. This fund is used for the development, expansion, diversification, modernisation and revival of small scale industries. It is given in the form of credit to the small scale industries through the state finance corporation, State Industries Development Corporation, commercial banks and other institutions.
Long Answer Type Questions
Give a brief description of the main handicrafts of Rajasthan.
Handicrafts of Rajasthan:
- Carting, enamelling and cutting of the precious stones –
Jaipur is well known for its developed form, but enamelling work is being done in Pratapgarh and Nathdwara too. Jaipur is famous also for fine cutting of precious stones.
- Ivory works –
In Jodhpur many ivory articles and bangles of ivory for women are prepared. Jaipur is the great market for thE ivory toys, artistic goods and decorative articles. Besides ivory goods are made even in Udaipur, Pali and Bharatpur.
- Marble idols and Artistic articles –
Jaipur is the main centre of marble idols. Besides, Kishori gram (Village) in Alwar district also has a great repute for the marble items.
- Lac and glass Bangles and Artistic goods –
Bangles of various colours and artistic goods are prepared from lac and glass in Jaipur and Jodhpur. Main items of lac and glass are toys, idols, flower pots, Necklaces, finger rings, ear rings, Jhumke and key bunch.
- Embroidery –
Artistic and attractive embroidery work is done on textiles in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Kota and Barmer.
- Dyeing, Printing and Bandej –
Rajasthan is known for it in the far off places. Pali, Barmer and Sanganer are specialised in this work. Jajam printing of Chittorgarh, Azarak print of Barmer, Sanganeri print of Sanganer in Jaipur have earned a great name and fame.
- Woollen Blankets, Rug and Carpets –
They are imported to other countries from Rajasthan. They are prepared mainly in Jodhpur, Bikaner, Barmer, Malpura and Tonk.
- Leather Handicrafts –
Rajasthan is specialised in the leather handicrafts such as artistic footwears, purses, Mojurians, purses, bags, belts, small carpets and decorative pieces of the camel hide in Bikaner. Main parts of Rajasthan known for the leather handicrafts are Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ajmer and Barmer.
- Engraving work on wood, toys and decorative goods –
The wooden toys and other goods are made in Udaipur, Bikaner, Swaimadhopur, Barmer and Bassi village of Chittorgarh. Bassi village is specially known for making the wooden articles as lions, elephants, horses and Gangaur.
Explain the development of small and cottage industries in Rajasthan during plans period.
The following facts will explain the development of small and cottage industries in Rajasthan during the five year plans:
- Increase in expenditure on the development of cottage and small industries as stated below:
Expenditure in crores
Rs. 1.98 Fourth
Rs. 3.95 Sixth
Rs. 28.04 Eighth
Rs. 47.06 .
- Progressive Increase in the number of small industries:
No. of Industries in Rajasthan
- Progressive increase in the production of small industries
- Increase in capital investment
- Increase in Employment – Total employment in the registered factories increased from 1.66 lakhs in 1981 to 10.55 lakhs in 2005-06.
- Fast development of Khadi and Gramoudyog
- Establishment of many institutions for the development of small industries in Rajasthan, such as –
- Small industries institution which prepares projects and gives training and technical assistance to the industrialists
- 34 district industrial centres and 7 sub-district industrial centres which are divided into four classes.
What is SIDBI? Write a brief note on its working.
SIDBI (Small Industries Development Bank of India) is an auxiliary institute of Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI).
The parliament passed in Oct., 1989 the SIDBI Act and it came into operation on April 2,1990. Its main emphasis is on
- modernization and technological uplift of the operational units.
- Expansion of domestic and foreign markets for them
- Increase in employment opportunities in the semi-urban areas so as to check the migration of the people towards cities and metropolitan cities.
Financial assistance from SIDBI is reached to the small industries through state finance corporations, State industrial development corporations, commercial banks, cooperative and regional gramin banks. The facilities provided to the engineering graduates, former defence services employees, science graduates for establishing small units have been specified for the persons from the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes.
Government gives priority to the small industries in purchasing the products so that their problem of marketing may be solved.
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