RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 19 Rajasthan and Delhi Sultanate are part of RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 19 Rajasthan and Delhi Sultanate.
|Chapter Name||Rajasthan and Delhi Sultanate|
|Number of Questions Solved||38|
Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 7 Social Science Chapter 19 Rajasthan and Delhi Sultanate
Exercise From Textbook
Match the following:
|Column A||Column B|
|1. Kanhad Dev||(a) Ajmer|
|2. Hammir Dev||(b) Jalore|
|3. Maharana Kumbha||(c) Ranthambore|
|4. Prithviraj Chauhan||(d) Mewar|
Who won the Tarain’s first war?
Prithviraj Chauhan won the Tarain’s first war.
After Mohammad Gauri who succeeded the struggle to get the throne?
Why did Allaudeen Khilji want to attack Ranthambore?
Allaudeen Khilji wanted to attack Ranthambore because of the two reasons :
- Fort of Ranthambore had military importance and was adjacent to Delhi.
- Hammir had also provided shelter to some of the enemies of Allaudeen, which angered him a lot.
Write a short description of Allaudeen’s attack on Chittor.
Mewar’s increasing influence, greed for territorial expansion, forts of military impor-tance were the reasons why Allaudeen attacked Chittor. After eight months of fortification, Allaudeen could not be successful then Allaudeen took to diplomacy and initiated the talks for agreement. During talks for agreement Allaudeen took Ratan Singh towards his camp and made him a prisoner. Now battle was unavoidable. There was a fierce battle between them and Ratan Singh became a martyr and Chittor became the property of Allaudeen.
Describe Allaudeen Khilji’s attack on Jalore.
In 1308 Muslim army attacked the entry gate of Jalore Sivana but they failed; Afterwards with the help of some inside people Khilji’s army won the fort of Sivana. After this, Kanhad Dev asked for help from all the Rajput kings. After that Khilji’s army was attacked at many places. Near Medta, Rajput army attacked Sultan’s general Shams Khan’s army and captured him along with his wife. When Sultan heard about this he himself attacked Jalore with a very big army.
After reaching Jalore Sultan surrounded the fate. Kanhad Dev fought with his full power, ut because the fort was surrounded by Sultan’s army and the foodstock was exhausted because of that Kanhad Dev’s army was getting weaker and Sultan’s army was getting stronger. In this bad situation a Dahiya Sardar ditched Kanhad Dev and showed the back door to Sultan in hope to be a king of Jalore. When his wife got to know about this treachery, she killed the Dahiya Sardar with a sword. When Sultan’s army entered the fort, Kanhad Dev fought bravely with Rajput army but he was killed.
From which sources we get information about Maharana Kumbha’s period of rule.
The information about the rule of Maharana Kumbha is obtained from ‘Ekling’, Mahatmay, Rasik Priya, Kumbhalgarh Prashasti, etc.
Describe the achievement of Maharana Kumbha’s rule?
Maharana Kumbha ascended the throne in 1433 CE. Kumbha was not only a brave warrior and a good diplomat, but also a patron of literature and art. Maharana Kumbha’s eriod is known as the golden age in the istory of art. 32 out of 82 forts located in Mewar are built by Kumbha. Among these the Kumbhalgarh Fort is one of the most mentionahle which is also known as the Unconquerable Fort (Fort of Ajay).
What inspiration do we get from Rao Shekha’s life?
Shekha was the elder brother of Chandrasen Shekha, the ruler of Amer. Shekha was a self respecting, who respected sovereignty of the state. Therefore, to preserve the dignity of Amer state he paid an annual tax. Rao Shekha showed religious tolerance, as a ruler. It was because of his efforts that Rao Shekha was a protector of women’s dignity. He martyred his life to protect women’s dignity Rao Shekha’s life teaches us that we should not foster pride even when we have excessive power. We should be sensitive and protective for the sake of humanity.
Activities From Textbook
Collect pictures of Rajasthan’s forts, temples and other memorials built during Sultanate period.
1. Adhai Din ka Jhopra, Ajmer.
2. Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajsamand.
3. Vijay Stambh, Chittorgarh.
4. Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur.
5. Kumbha Shyam Temple, Chittorgarh.
Write datewise and year wise period of Delhi and Rajasthan’s royalties in a sequence.
Slave Dynasties of Delhi are :
- Ghulam Dynasty (1206 to 1290 CE)
- Khilji Dynasty (1290 to 1320 CE)
- Tughlak Dynasty (1320 to 1414 CE)
- Saiyad Dynasty (1414 to 1451 CE)
- Lodhi Dynasty (1451 to 1526 CE)
- Mughal Dynasty (1526 to 1707 CE)
- British rule (1707 CE to 14 August 1947)
Dynasties of Rajasthan are :
- Chauhan Dynasty (551 CE)
- Guhil Dynasty (Mewar) 566 CE
- Sisodia Dynasty (Mewar) 1326 CE
- Guhil Dynasty (Bagur) 1177 CE
- Guhil Dynasty (Dungarpur) 16th century
- Guhil Dynasty (Banswara) 1518 CE
- Guhil Dynasty (Pratapgarh) 1561 CE
- Guhil Dynasty (Shahpura) 1631 CE
- Rathore Dynasty (Bikaner) 1465 CE
- Kachwaha Dynasty (Amer) 967 CE
- Rathore Dynasty (Marwar) 13th century
- Kachwaha Dynasty (Dhundhar) 1137 CE
- Bhati Dynasty (Jaisalmer) 1155 CE
- Kachwaha Dynasty (Alwar) 1771 CE
- Yadav Dynasty (Karauli) 1348 CE.
Other Important Questions
(A) Multiple Choice Questions
How many times did Mahmud Ghaznavi attack India?
(a) 15 times
(b) 16 times
(c) 17 times
(d) 18 times
(c) 17 times
When did Mahmud Ghaznavi invade Gujarat’s famous Somnath temple?
(a) In 1025 CE
(b) In 1026 CE
(c) In 1027 CE
(d) In 1028 CE
(a) In 1025 CE
Who sowed the seeds of the first Muslim empire in India?
(a) Mahmud Ghaznavi
(b) Mohmmad Gauri
(b) Mohmmad Gauri
In the second war of Tarain, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by:
(a) Mahmud Ghaznavi
(b) Jalaluddin Khilji
(c) Allaudeen Khilji
(d) Mohammad Gauri
(d) Mohammad Gauri
Which was the decisive battle in the history of India?
(a) First battle of Tarain
(b) Second battle of Tarain
(c) Battle of Mewar
(d) Battle of Chittor
(b) Second battle of Tarain
Who established the first Muslim empire in India?.
(b) Mahmud Ghaznavi
(c) Mohammad Gauri
(B) Fill In the Blanks
Maharana Kumbha kept Mahmood for ……….. as a captive and released him afterwards.
By the efforts of Maharao Shekha ……….. stopped eating …………
In Mewar out of …………. forts, …………..were built by Maharana Kumbha.
In ………… Rawal Ratan Singh took to throne in the capital of Mewar, Chittor.
1. 6 months
2. Pathans, beef
3. 82, 32
(C) Very Short Answer Type Questions
After which ruler’s victories, Ranthambore Chauhan’s political reputation increased?
After the victory of Hamir Dev Chauhan.
How and when did Allaudeen Khilji become the Sultan?
In 1296, after murdering his uncle Jalaluddin Khilji, Allaudeen Khilji became the Sultan of Delhi.
How many battles did Hamir Dev fight and of these how many did he win?
He fought 17 battles out of which he won 16.
Till where did Kumbha follow the fleeing army of Mahmood Khilji?
Kumbha followed the fleeing army of Mahmood Khilji till Mandu.
Kanhad Dev was the ruler of which place?
Which fort of Mewar is also known as the ‘Inconquerable Fort’.
(D) Short Answer Type Questions
How many times did Mahmood Ghaznavi attack India. How did his attacks affect India?
Turkish invader Mahmood Ghaznavi of Gazni attacked India 17 times. In these attacks Mahmood destroyed the temples and looted India’s immense wealth. In 1025 CE he invaded Gujarat’s famous Somnath temple and took away huge amount of wealth. Mahmood’s invasions destroyed a lot of temples and memorials representing Indian culture.
How did Turkish invaders got the opportunity to rule India?
After Mahmood Ghaznavi, Mohammad Gauri of Gaur state attacked India and sowed seeds of Muslim rule in India. Gauri fought many battles in India but the battles of Tarain with the ruler of Ajmer, Prithviraj, were the most significant. In the first battle of Tarain with Prithviraj Chauhan, Gauri was defeated. But in the second battle, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated. This was the decisive battle in the history of India. After this victory, foreign invaders, Turks got an opportunity to establish their rule in India.
How was the first Muslim empire established in India. When was the Delhi sultanate established and who were the different dynasties?
Mohammad Gauri had no heir to him. His sudden death resulted in struggle among his army and nobles to get royal status. In this struggle Gauri’s slave and general Qutub-uddin-Aibak turned victorious. With this the first Muslim empire was established in India.
The Delhi sultanate was established in 1206 CE and continued till the first war of Panipat in 1526 CE, with the defeat of Abraham Lodhi.
Different royalities which ruled Delhi are Slave dynasty, Khilji dynasty, Tughlak dynasty, Saiyad dynasty and Lodhi dynasty
Write down the character qualities of Hamir Dev Chauhan.
Hamir was the most important ruler amongst the Chauhan kings. We come to know this from Hamir Mahakavya written by Naychandra Suri. Hamir was an ambitious ruler and at the time of his taking up throne, there was political turmoil in Delhi. In this situation, being free from the rulers of Delhi, Hamir began with his success journey. By 1291 CE he came out glorious and powemil. He won a lot of states and included them under his empire and charged only tax from some of them.
Why did Jalaluddin get attracted towards Ranthambore? Was he successful in winning the Ranthambore. Discuss in brief.
Due to Hamir’s success stories, the founder of Khilji dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji was attracted to- Ranthambore. In 1291 CE Jalaluddin attacked Thain fort and came out victorious. He destroyed the architecture and temples of the fort. After this victory, he turned towards Ranthambore. Hamir arranged for supplies etc. and fought against Sultan by defensive war techniques. After this attack even after many days when Jalaluddin did not succeed, he returned back to Delhi. Immediately after the sultan returned, Hamir took control over the fort of Thain. In 1292 CE Jalaluddin tried to win over Ranthambore again but he could not succeed.
(E) Long Answer Type Questions
Under the leadership of Rani Padmani a number of women in Mewar performed Johar. Why? Explain in detail.
In 1303 CE Allaudeen Khilji attacked Chittor. After eight months of seige, Allaudeen could not be successful. Then Allaudeen took to diplomacy and initiated the talks for agreement. During talks for agreement Allaudeen took Ratan Singh towards his camp and made him a prisoner.
With the efforts of Gaura and Badal, Ratan Singh was freed from Allaudeen and returned to fort. Now battle was inevitable. There was a fierce battle between them. The Rajput army came out of the fort and attacked the enemy. The chief of Rajput army wore Saffron robes and opened the gates of the fort. Rawal Ratan Singh and his chief Gaura and Badal became martyrs. In this condition in 1303 CE under the leadership of Rani Padmani a number of women performed Johar. This was Chittor’s first Johar.
How was the Muslim empire established in India. Explain in detail.
After the Turkish invader Mahmood Gaznavi, Muhammad Gauri of Gaur state attacked India and sowed seeds of Muslim rule in India. Gauri fought many battles in India but Tarain battles with the ruler of Ajmer, Prithviraj Chauhan were decisive. In the first battle Gauri was defeated badly and ran away. But in the second battle of Tarain, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated. This was a decisive battle of the history of India. After this victory, Turks got an opportunity to establish their rule in India.
Muhammad Gauri’s last operation was against Khokhars in 1206 CE. At the end of this war, when Gauri was returning back, he was killed by Khokhars on Jhelum’s bank. Mohammad Gauri had no heir to him. His sudden death resulted in struggle among his army and nobles to get royal status. In this struggle Gauri’s slave and General Qutub-udin-Aibak emerged victorious. With this the first Muslim empire was established in India.
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