Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 10 Social Justice
For centuries disparities are continuing in the developed as well as developing or under developed countries. There are people possessed with all facilities like housing, clothing, education, comforts and luxuries of life and on the other hand many are deprived of them. One of the findings stated that about 20% people in the world own 80% resources of the country and 80% people depend upon 20% resources. It is known as economic disparity. This is mainly due to lack of proper and adequate opportunities because of the absence of qualification or because of their pre-birth sins as believed by fatalists. Hard work with individual abilities plays no doubt an important role but carries no significance if equal opportunities are denied to all.
Though social inequality is not an economic but a kind of social boycott. Usually the low income groups are debarred from various social privileges. The economically privileged usually keep away the economically weaker sections, thus creating social disparities. They are treated as inferior and unpresentable in the social gathering. They are denied opportunities to get mixed up with the upper class of the society. In reality it is harmful for the society as whole.
Pre-conceived beliefs, rigidities and discrimination:
Those who are under the impact of centruries old and pre-conceived beliefs do not see any reasoning in changing themselves. They are so rigid in their beliefs that they cannot be convinced. They find no logic in the changed setup. They follow the norms of their groups or communities.
Discrimination means ill treatment of an individual to their disadvantage in the society. They deny the opportunities and equal status to weaker sections or communities assuming that they are born to be so.
Some forms of Social Discrimination and Social Boycott:
- Casteism in India
- Violence against women in the male dominated society.
- The mentally and the physically challenged, blind and handicap, even able people have to struggle in the society.
- Discrimination against religious and the linguistic minorities in the society.
- Economically backward people of all classes also live life on the border of society.
Efforts for the Promoting Social Justice:
Government of India has classified the deprived and unprivileged people into three categories as
- The Scheduled castes
- The Scheduled Tribes
- Other Backward classes
Following provision have been made for them in the constitution of India:
- Reservation of seats for the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes in the central and state legislatures and for the other backward classes and women in the local bodies and also in the government services and the educational institutions.
- Laws have been enacted to ban untouchability and caste discrimination. The Scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes acts have been amended in 1989 to ban strictly any sort of violence against them.
- Laws have been enacted to check torture and domestic violence in case of women.
- Primary education has been made compulsory and child labor has been declared illegal.
- Reservation in services for the unprivileged has been made
- The religious and linguistic minorities have constitutional safeguards to conserve and promote their culture, language and script.